Khamiyang in India

Joshua Project has identified the Khamiyang only in India
Population
2,300
Christian
Evangelical
Largest Religion
Main Language
Progress
Progress Gauge

Identity

Approximately one thousand Khamiyang people live in the north-east Indian state of Arunachal Pradesh, inhabiting communities near the Khamtis in the Lohit and Tirap districts. 'They dwell in the plains drained by the Tengapani and Noa-Dihing rivers and within the vicinity of dense tropical moist and deciduous forests.' A small number of Khamiyang live in the Rowai Mukh village within Assam State. The total population of the Khamiyang was listed at 812 at the time of the 1981 census. Out of this number, just three individuals lived in an urban area and 809 were from rural areas.

Few sources have ever mentioned the Khamiyang, although one described them as 'a small Buddhist peasant community with a close affinity with the Khamtis of Arunachal Pradesh and the Aiton and Tai Phake of Assam. They are also called Khamjang and use Shyam as their surname.'


History

The name Khamiyang means 'a place where gold is available'. This name probably comes from their homeland. They are believed to have originally lived in the Patkai mountains, but they left because of oppression from the Singpho (Kachin) and moved to Assam between 1807 and 1814. 'Some of them recall that they subsequently migrated from the Jorhat and Dibrugarh districts of Assam during the great Assam earthquake in the year 1950 and settled down in the plains of the Lohit and Tirap districts of Arunachal Pradesh, where they are now distributed.'


Customs

The Khamiyang originally spoke a Tai language, similar to Khamti. Over the centuries, however, the Khamiyang have gradually lost the use of their mother tongue and most have adopted Assamese, which is spoken by more than 15 million people in north-east India. They also use the Assamese script for reading and writing. Their original Tai script is now used only for Buddhist rituals. Despite losing their linguistic identity, the Khamiyang retain their cultural and ethnic distinctiveness, which qualifies them as a mission-significant people group.

Since they live in a place with abundant natural resources, the diet of the Khamiyang includes 'a large variety of wild and domestically grown vegetables, roots and tubers such as pumpkins, brinjals, ginger and onions; mustard leaves; chilies; flower of plantains; mushrooms; shoots of bamboo and cane and many types of leaves.... They eat a variety of fish ... fowls, pigs, goats, wild bears, deer and tigers, but abstain from taking beef.'


Religion

Theravada Buddhism is the religious choice of an overwhelming number of Khamiyang people. Each village has its own temple or monastery. The 1981 Indian census records 805 of the 812 Khamiyang as followers of Buddhism. Four individuals listed their religion as Hinduism, and three as followers of 'other religions'. The Khamiyang have been Buddhists since long before their migration from the Shan State area of northern Myanmar many centuries ago. Buddhism forms a major part of their identity and few seem open to change. Consequently, there are no known Christians among the Khamiyang people of India today.


Profile Source:   Peoples of the Buddhist World, Paul Hattaway  Copyrighted ©   Used with permission  

People Name General Khamiyang
People Name in Country Khamiyang
Population in India 2,300
World Population 2,300
Total Countries 1
Indigenous Yes
Least-Reached Yes
Progress Scale 1
Alternate Names Khamiyan, Khamjang, Khamyang, Nara, Nora, Sham, Shyam, खामियांग
People ID 17173
Country India
Region South Asia
Continent Asia
10/40 Window Yes
Persecution Rank 17  (Open Doors top 50 rank, 1 = highest persecution ranking)
Location in Country Approximately one thousand Khamiyang people live in the north-east Indian state of Arunachal Pradesh, inhabitating communities near the Khamtis in the Lohit and Tirap districts..   Source:  Peoples of the Buddhist World, 2004
Total States on file: 2
Largest States
Arunachal Pradesh (2,000) Assam (300)
Country India
Region South Asia
Continent Asia
10/40 Window Yes
Persecution Rank 17  (Open Doors top 50 rank, 1 = highest persecution ranking)
Location in Country Approximately one thousand Khamiyang people live in the north-east Indian state of Arunachal Pradesh, inhabitating communities near the Khamtis in the Lohit and Tirap districts..   Source:  Peoples of the Buddhist World, 2004
Total States on file: 2
Arunachal Pradesh (2,000) Assam (300)

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Ethnologue Language Map
Ethnolinguistic map or other map

Primary Language: Assamese (800 speakers)   People group listing
Language Code: asm   Ethnologue Listing
Written: Yes   ScriptSource Listing
Total Languages: 10
Secondary Languages:
Telugu (800) Khamyang (600) Naga, Tase: Tangsa (50)
Tibetan, Central Naga, Tangkhul Digaro-Mishmi
Anal English Kurux
Primary Language: Assamese (800 speakers)   People group listing
Language Code: asm   Ethnologue Listing
Total Languages: 10
Secondary Languages:
Telugu (800) Khamyang (600)
Naga, Tase: Tangsa (50) Tibetan, Central (10)
Naga, Tangkhul (10) Digaro-Mishmi (10)
Anal (0) English (0)
Kurux (0)
Primary Language: Assamese

Bible Translation Status  (Years)
Bible Portions Yes   (1822-1974)
New Testament Yes   (1819-1993)
Complete Bible Yes   (1833-1995)
Audio Bible Online
 
Possible Print Bibles
Amazon
Forum of Bible Agencies
Gospel Go
World Bible Finder
World Bibles
Resource Type Resource Name
Audio Recordings Assamese Bible stories
Audio Recordings Audio Bible teaching (GRN)
Audio Recordings Christassam recordings
Audio Recordings Online Scripture (Talking Bibles)
Audio Recordings Story of Jesus audio (Jesus Film Project)
Film / Video God's Story Video
Film / Video Jesus Film: view in Assamese
Film / Video Magdalena (Jesus Film Project)
Film / Video Story of Jesus for Children (JF Project)
Film / Video The Path of Light (Indigitube.tv)
General Four Spiritual Laws
General Gods Simple Plan
General Got Questions Ministry
Text / Printed Matter Christ for the Nations
Text / Printed Matter World Missionary Press Booklets
Primary Religion: Buddhism

Major Religion Percent
Buddhism
96.97 %
Christianity  (Evangelical Unknown)
0.58 %
Ethnic Religions
0.00 %
Hinduism
1.92 %
Islam
0.00 %
Non-Religious
0.00 %
Other / Small
0.00 %
Unknown
0.52 %
Christian Segments Percent
Anglican
Unknown
Independent
Unknown
Orthodox
Unknown
Other Christian
Unknown
Protestant
Unknown
Roman Catholic
Unknown
Photo Source: Peoples of the Buddhist World, Paul Hattaway   Copyrighted ©   Used with permission
Profile Source: Peoples of the Buddhist World, Paul Hattaway  Copyrighted ©   Used with permission  
Data Sources: Data is compiled from various sources. Read more


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