Kandha Gauda in India

The Kandha Gauda have only been reported in India
Population
Main Language
Largest Religion
Christian
Evangelical
Progress
Progress Gauge
* From latest India census data.
Current Christian values may substantially differ.

Introduction / History

The Kandha Gauda tribal people are found in east central state of Odisha. They have lived in the deep forests of Odisha for hundreds of years away from the general population. Their primary living comes from small scale agriculture, raising animals and gathering forest products. Hunting was a source of meat in their diet, but the government has outlawed hunting in the forests where the Kandha live. Some Kandha fish in the rivers and lakes. Kandha speak many languages but their main language is Odia. Unfortunately, most Kandha are unable to read and write. The gospel will have to be presented to them in oral and visual forms. A small fraction of the Kandha claim to be followers of Jesus.


What Are Their Lives Like?

The vast majority of the Kandha live in poverty in remote villages with no electricity or indoor plumbing. According to recent sources the nearest school is 10 km away from where the Kandha live. The closest medical clinic is also 10 km away. As a result, most Kandha children do not attend school. Child mortality is high due to the lack of modern medicine. Flooding is a yearly event during the monsoon season. Water frequently washes away Kandha crops and homes. Crop failure can lead to starvation. The Kandha marry within their groups. Families and young people arrange marriages. Sons inherit the property of their father. A few Kandha men are able to speak Hindu which allows them to communicate with outsiders. The Kandha sell lumber, fish and animal products to get cash to buy the things that they cannot make for themselves.


What Are Their Beliefs?

There are no schools or hospitals in the areas where the Kandha live. The Kandha rely on their village shaman for their spiritual and medical needs. The adult and children need to learn to read and write to have any hope of bettering their lives. They need new job skills. Most of all the Kandha must hear and understand the message of Jesus Christ. He alone can forgive their sins and give them hope for this life and the next.


What Are Their Needs?

The Kandha claim to be Hindus. However, their Hindu faith is heavily influenced by folk religion and ancestor worship. The Kandha believe that spirits inhabit the objects of nature. These spirits can only be appeased by charms, magic, prayers and offerings. They live in fear of these evil spirits and of offending the spirits of their ancestors. The Kandha celebrate Hindu and their own holidays. They employ village shamans and priests to help placate the evil spirits that they believe bring illness and poor harvests.


Prayer Points

* Scripture Prayers for the Kandha Gauda in India.

Pray that the government and NGOs provide schools and medical clinics for the Kandha people. Pray that Kandha parents are able to provide for their children. Pray for a disciple making movement that will bless the Kandha people this decade. Pray for the Lord to send out workers to the Kandha people to help meet their spiritual and physical needs.


Profile Source:   Keith Carey  

People Name General Kandha Gauda
People Name in Country Kandha Gauda
Population this Country 26,000
Population all Countries 26,000
Total Countries 1
Indigenous Yes
Progress Scale 1
Unreached Yes
Frontier People Group No
GSEC 1  (per PeopleGroups.org)
Pioneer Workers Needed 1
Alternate Names Khandal; Tanhala Gauda; कंधा गौड़ा
People ID 17141
ROP3 Code 112490
Country India
Region Asia, South
Continent Asia
10/40 Window Yes
National Bible Society Website
Persecution Rank 10  (Open Doors top 50 rank, 1 = highest persecution ranking)
Specialized Website South Asia Peoples
Country India
Region Asia, South
Continent Asia
10/40 Window Yes
National Bible Society Website
Persecution Rank 10  (Open Doors top 50 rank, 1 = highest persecution ranking)
Total States 1
  Odisha 26,000
Website South Asia Peoples

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Ethnolinguistic map or other map

Primary Language Odia (20,000 speakers)
Language Code ory   Ethnologue Listing
Language Written Yes   ScriptSource Listing
Total Languages 28
Secondary Languages
(only 15 largest shown)
Kuvi
2,000
Hindi
900
Pengo
600
Santhali
400
Ho
300
Kurux
300
Bhatri
300
Munda
200
Telugu
200
Gondi, Northern
100
Mal Paharia
90
Mundari
90
Sora
80
Bengali
80
Halbi
80
Primary Language Odia (20,000 speakers)
Language Code ory   Ethnologue Listing
Total Languages 28
Secondary Languages (only 15 largest shown)
  Kuvi 2,000
  Hindi 900
  Pengo 600
  Santhali 400
  Ho 300
  Kurux 300
  Bhatri 300
  Munda 200
  Telugu 200
  Gondi, Northern 100
  Mal Paharia 90
  Mundari 90
  Sora 80
  Bengali 80
  Halbi 80
People Groups Speaking Odia

Primary Language:  Odia

Bible Translation Status  (Years)
Bible-Portions Yes  (1811-1956)
Bible-New Testament Yes  (1809-2000)
Bible-Complete Yes  (1815-2014)
Bible-NT Audio Online
Bible-NT Text Online
Possible Print Bibles
Amazon
World Bibles
Forum Bible Agencies
National Bible Societies
World Bible Finder
Virtual Storehouse
Resource Type Resource Name
Audio Recordings Audio Bible teaching (GRN)
Audio Recordings Online New Testament (FCBH)
Audio Recordings Online Scripture (Talking Bibles)
Audio Recordings Oral Bible stories in Odia
Audio Recordings Story of Jesus audio (Jesus Film Project)
Film / Video Following Jesus (India, JF Project)
Film / Video God's Story Video
Film / Video Jesus Film: view in Odia
Film / Video Magdalena (Jesus Film Project)
Film / Video My Last Day (Jesus Film Project Anime)
Film / Video Rivka (Jesus Film Project)
Film / Video Story of Jesus for Children (JF Project)
General Four Spiritual Laws
General God's Simple Plan
General Gospel website in this language
General Gospel website in this language
General Got Questions Ministry
Mobile App Download Audio Bible app as APK File from FCBH
Mobile App Download Audio Bible app from Google Play Store
Mobile App Download Bible from Google Play Store
Primary Religion: Hinduism
Major Religion Percent *
Buddhism
0.01 %
Christianity  (Evangelical Unknown)
0.82 %
Ethnic Religions
0.00 %
Hinduism
98.50 %
Islam
0.08 %
Non-Religious
0.00 %
Other / Small
0.02 %
Unknown
0.57 %
* From latest India census data.
Current Christian values may substantially differ.
Photo Source Chitranjan Khandal 
Profile Source Keith Carey  
Data Sources Data is compiled from various sources. Read more


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