Juang in India

The Juang have only been reported in India
Population
Main Language
Largest Religion
Christian
Evangelical
Progress
Progress Gauge
* From latest India census data.
Current Christian values may substantially differ.

Introduction / History

The Juang are one of the nine Munda-Santal tribes. Traditions regarding the origin of the Munda-Santal tribes are uncertain, but we know that the Juang people once earned their living by harvesting goods in the forests and selling them until the British Raj declared these forests their own and forced local people to stop living there. The Juang people are among what the Indian government calls the "scheduled tribes. " Because scheduled tribes are underdeveloped, the Indian government has attempted to bring them into the mainstream of political and economic life. In 1949, tribes were "scheduled" for special treatment.


What Are Their Lives Like?

Each Juang village has both a local headman and a priest. They offer a chicken as a sacrifice when they consult the priest. The Juang people are desperately poor, subsisting on agriculture, hunting, fishing, and weaving. They, along with other tribal groups in Odisha, have lost valuable lands to industrialization and the forest industry. Today, the government is trying to preserve forests, so cultivation shifting is limited. There is also an increase in the amount of irrigated land. As a result, they have developed other sources of income. They include working in the tea plantations of the northeast, working in the steel industry, or working as day laborers for local Hindu landowners. Both men and women work to bring home adequate income for their families. The Munda-Santal tribes are divided into clans which recognize a common ancestor. The clans often marry those who are from other tribes; however, there are smaller sub-tribes who are permitted to marry only those within their group.


What Are Their Beliefs?

Although they have some Hindu beliefs, Juangs practice mostly ancient animistic rituals. Their supreme god is the sun god. However, they have also adopted the Hindu deities in addition to tribal gods and goddesses. The Hindu village priest is the ritual specialist, and they observe many Hindu festivals. They have a firm belief in an almighty creator and also in "mother earth. "


What Are Their Needs?

In places where the gospel is being preached to the Munda-Santal, many listeners almost immediately receive Christ after the village council talks it over. These precious tribes are ripe unto harvest; they simply need people to show them the way to the true God!


Prayer Points

Pray for his kingdom to come and his will to be done among the Juang people. Pray for a movement of Juang households to study the Bible and accept the blessings of Christ. Pray for a spiritual hunger that will drive the Juang people to the arms of Jesus. Pray for workers who are filled with the fruit and the power of the Holy Spirit to go to the Juang people.


Scripture Prayers for the Juang in India.


Profile Source:   Joshua Project  

Additional Info
Global Prayer Digest: 2009-09-27
People Name General Juang
People Name in Country Juang
Population this Country 56,000
Population all Countries 56,000
Total Countries 1
Indigenous Yes
Progress Scale 1
Unreached Yes
Frontier People Group No
GSEC 4  (per PeopleGroups.org)
Pioneer Workers Needed 1
Alternate Names Juango; Patua; Puttooas; जुआंग
People ID 17029
ROP3 Code 112364
Country India
Region Asia, South
Continent Asia
10/40 Window Yes
National Bible Society Website
Persecution Rank 10  (Open Doors top 50 rank, 1 = highest persecution ranking)
Total States on file 3
Largest States
Odisha
55,000
Jharkhand
70
West Bengal
20
Districts Interactive map, listing and data download
Specialized Website South Asia Peoples
Country India
Region Asia, South
Continent Asia
10/40 Window Yes
National Bible Society Website
Persecution Rank 10  (Open Doors top 50 rank, 1 = highest persecution ranking)
Total States 3
  Odisha 55,000
  Jharkhand 70
  West Bengal 20
Website South Asia Peoples
Primary Language Odia (26,000 speakers)
Language Code ory   Ethnologue Listing
Language Written Yes   ScriptSource Listing
Total Languages 24
Secondary Languages
(only 15 largest shown)
Juang
20,000
English
300
Oriya, Adivasi
80
Munda
70
Santhali
40
Nepali
30
Ho
30
Deori
20
Koya
20
Halbi
20
Gangte
20
Kurux: Kisan
20
Marathi
10
Kharia
10
Hindi
Primary Language Odia (26,000 speakers)
Language Code ory   Ethnologue Listing
Total Languages 24
Secondary Languages (only 15 largest shown)
  Juang 20,000
  English 300
  Oriya, Adivasi 80
  Munda 70
  Santhali 40
  Nepali 30
  Ho 30
  Deori 20
  Koya 20
  Halbi 20
  Gangte 20
  Kurux: Kisan 20
  Marathi 10
  Kharia 10
  Hindi 10
People Groups Speaking Odia
Primary Religion: Hinduism
Major Religion Percent *
Buddhism
0.00 %
Christianity  (Evangelical Unknown)
0.15 %
Ethnic Religions
0.00 %
Hinduism
99.52 %
Islam
0.08 %
Non-Religious
0.00 %
Other / Small
0.02 %
Unknown
0.24 %
* From latest India census data.
Current Christian values may substantially differ.
Map Source People Group data: Omid. Map geography: UNESCO / GMI. Map Design: Joshua Project  
Profile Source Joshua Project  
Data Sources Data is compiled from various sources. Read more