Bhumia in India

The Bhumia have only been reported in India
Population
283,000
Main Language
Largest Religion
Christian
Evangelical
Progress
Progress Gauge

Introduction / History

The Bhumia Scheduled Tribe are also known as Bhumia Thakur to their neighbors. They live in Madya Pradesh, in the plains from Kami to Jabalpur. They are believed to be the early settlers in the Jabalpur region. The name Bhumia is connected to the word "bhumi" which means "land". The Bhumi are land owning agriculturists who live in south India. They speak Jabalpuri and Hindi. They mainly eat wheat and rice.

They have 3 subgroups: the Chote Rathor, the Bere Rathor and the Naik which have other clans. Marriages with the daughter of the mother's brother and the daughter of the father's sister are allowed. All sons have equal shares in the property. The women are involved in many matters concerning money. The Bhumia believe in ancestor worship. They cremate the dead and perform death rites on the ninth or tenth day after death and then have a funeral feast.

The Bhumia are usually wage earners and only a few of them are landowners. Some work at the Jabalpur ordnance factory. They work in the agricultural fields of the Bania, Brahmin, Kayashta and Rajput for wages. Justice in society is looked after by a council of village elders. They are Hindus and worship national, village, family and clan gods. Many use family planning. Little progress has been made in education.

The Bhumia Scheduled Tribe who live in the Karaput region of Orissa have 2 subgroups: the Bada and the Sana. Every subgroup has clans like the Baga, Cheli, Naga and Surya. They speak and write in Oriyan. Some of them own lands and work in cultivating. Other occupations are agriculture work and collecting forest products. They believe in parts of the Hindu religion and also have traditional beliefs. Some have grocery shops. There are not too many who are literate among them.


References

Singh, K. S., ed. "India's Communities A-Z", Oxford University Press, USA 1999


Profile Source:   Anonymous  

People Name General Bhumia
People Name in Country Bhumia
Population in India 283,000
World Population 283,000
Total Countries 1
Indigenous Yes
Unreached No
Progress Scale 2
GSEC 1  (per PeopleGroups.org)
Alternate Names Baiga, Bhumia Thakur, Bhuri Bhumia, Bodo Bhumia, Thakur, भूमिया
People ID 16420
ROP3 Code 111571
Country India
Region South Asia
Continent Asia
10/40 Window Yes
National Bible Society Website
Persecution Rank 15  (Open Doors top 50 rank, 1 = highest persecution ranking)
Total States on file 4
Largest States
Odisha
(253,000)
Madhya Pradesh
(30,000)
Delhi
(80)
Andhra Pradesh
(20)
Specialized Website South Asia Peoples
Country India
Region South Asia
Continent Asia
10/40 Window Yes
National Bible Society Website
Persecution Rank 15  (Open Doors top 50 rank, 1 = highest persecution ranking)
Total States 4
  Odisha (253,000)
  Madhya Pradesh (30,000)
  Delhi (80)
  Andhra Pradesh (20)
Website South Asia Peoples
Primary Language Odia (155,000 speakers)
Language Code ory   Ethnologue Listing
Language Written Yes   ScriptSource Listing
Total Languages 23
Secondary Languages
(only 15 largest shown)
Chhattisgarhi
(46,000)
Hindi
(31,000)
Bhatri
(29,000)
Pengo
(14,000)
Halbi
(4,900)
Bundeli
(1,200)
Mundari
(500)
Koya
(200)
Bagheli
(100)
Marathi
(100)
Kannada
(100)
Telugu
(100)
Bhili
(90)
Duruwa
(90)
Punjabi, Eastern
(80)
People Groups Speaking Odia
Primary Language Odia (155,000 speakers)
Language Code ory   Ethnologue Listing
Total Languages 23
Secondary Languages (only 15 largest shown)
  Chhattisgarhi (46,000)
  Hindi (31,000)
  Bhatri (29,000)
  Pengo (14,000)
  Halbi (4,900)
  Bundeli (1,200)
  Mundari (500)
  Koya (200)
  Bagheli (100)
  Marathi (100)
  Kannada (100)
  Telugu (100)
  Bhili (90)
  Duruwa (90)
  Punjabi, Eastern (80)
People Groups Speaking Odia

Primary Language:  Odia

Bible Translation Status  (Years)
Bible-Portions Yes   (1811-1956)
Bible-New Testament Yes   (1809-2000)
Bible-Complete Yes   (1815-2004)
Bible-NT Audio Online
Possible Print Bibles
Amazon National Bible Societies
Forum of Bible Agencies World Bible Finder
Gospel Go World Bibles
Resource Type Resource Name
Audio Recordings Audio Bible teaching (GRN)
Audio Recordings Online New Testament (FCBH)
Audio Recordings Online Scripture (Talking Bibles)
Audio Recordings Story of Jesus audio (Jesus Film Project)
Film / Video Following Jesus (India, JF Project)
Film / Video God's Story Video
Film / Video Jesus Film: view in Odia
Film / Video Magdalena (Jesus Film Project)
Film / Video My Last Day (Jesus Film Project Anime)
Film / Video Rivka (Jesus Film Project)
Film / Video Story of Jesus for Children (JF Project)
General Four Spiritual Laws
General God's Simple Plan
General Got Questions Ministry
Mobile App Download Bible from Google Play Store
Text / Printed Matter Bible
Text / Printed Matter Bibles, Bible League
Text / Printed Matter OneHope resources for children and youth
Text / Printed Matter Online Bible (Bibles India)
Text / Printed Matter World Missionary Press Booklets
Primary Religion: Hinduism
Major Religion Percent *
Buddhism
0.00 %
Christianity  (Evangelical Unknown)
8.59 %
Ethnic Religions
0.00 %
Hinduism
91.02 %
Islam
0.05 %
Non-Religious
0.00 %
Other / Small
0.00 %
Unknown
0.34 %
Map Source Omid / Joshua Project / Global Mapping Intl  
Profile Source Anonymous  
Data Sources Data is compiled from various sources. Read more
Religion Values * From India census data.  Current values may differ.


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