Bathudi in India

The Bathudi have only been reported in India
Population
Main Language
Largest Religion
Christian
Evangelical
Progress
Progress Gauge

Introduction / History

The Bathudi live primarily in the districts of Mayurbhanj, Kendujhargarh, and Balasore in the state of Orissa, East India. Most Bathudi are bilingual, speaking their native language, Bathudi, and Oriya. Bathudi is an unclassified language that is perhaps unlike all other tribal languages. Like most Indians, the Bathudi are primarily Hindu.

The ancestors of the Bathudi emigrated from Bakua in the Similipal hills, following the course of the Godavari River. After a time of bitter conflict and tribal warfare with the Gond, the Bathudi were eventually defeated. Today, the Bathudi live among the Santal, the Gond, the Munda, and the Ho people groups.

The social organization of the Bathudi maintains a hierarchy of castes (heriditary classes) and sub-groups, some of which are the same as those of the neighboring Hindu groups.


What Are Their Lives Like?

The Bathudi were traditionally fishermen. Today, however, they depend primarily on farming or wage-earning jobs. They live in the plains areas in the midst of different castes and tribes. The amount of land they own is insufficient for meeting their basic needs, and hunting and fishing are no longer practiced as an added income. Therefore, many are dependent on income from petty businesses, such as buying rice and selling it for a higher price.

The Bathudi tribe is divided into more than 56 sections, or khili. Marriage within the same section is prohibited. Weddings are expensive for the poor Bathudi. Most marriages are arranged by the groom's parents. Before the parents seek a wife for their son, they consult an astrologer to see if his marriage to a particular woman will be successful. Once the marriage is arranged, a ceremony takes place in the bride's village. In the past, marriages were celebrated with dancing, but now the guests are entertained with a festive meal.

The Bathudi have given up drinking alcohol and eating beef or pork. Instead, they enjoy eating termites and red ants. Rice is their staple food, accompanied by green leaves or vegetables. They are mostly vegetarians, due to the non-availability of game and their low incomes. For religious ceremonies, however, the Bathudi will eat fowl.

The Bathudi live in villages consisting of various tribes. However, within these villages, the Bathudi have separate settlements. Their houses are arranged in two rows alongside the main street. Their mud-walled huts generally have two rooms. The inner room is used for sleeping and cooking, while the goats and poultry roam freely in the outer room. The Bathudi usually paint the walls of their homes red or white. They sleep on palm leaf mats, and wooden furniture is rarely found.

The dress of the Bathudi is similar to the surrounding tribal dress. An older man will wear a dhoti, or a cotton loincloth. An older woman will wear a sari, or a piece of cloth that has one end wrapped around the waist as a skirt and the other draped over the shoulder or covering the head. The younger girls and boys are more influenced by outside contact and often wear Western-style clothing. Women typically wear glass bangles on their wrists, rings on their fingers and toes, nose-rings, and earrings. Necklaces, anklets, and hair clips are also worn. The wealthier Bathudi wear gold and silver jewelry.


What Are Their Beliefs?

The Bathudi are mostly Hindu, and their beliefs and practices are the same as those of the neighboring Hindu tribes. The village gods are worshipped by the village priest, who serves as a mediator between the villagers and the gods. The Bathudi have not yet completely lost their belief in magic and witchcraft.


What Are Their Needs?

Additional Christian laborers are needed, as well as much prayer.


Prayer Points

* Ask the Lord of the harvest to send forth laborers who will minister to the Bathudi.
* Ask the Holy Spirit to grant wisdom and favor to missions agencies focusing on the Bathudi.
* Pray that God will use the Bathudi believers to share Christ with their families, friends, and neighbors.
* Ask God to raise up prayer teams who will begin fervently interceding for the Bathudi.
* Ask the Lord to bring forth a strong and growing Bathudi church for the glory of His name!


Profile Source:   Bethany World Prayer Center  

People Name General Bathudi
People Name in Country Bathudi
World Population 228,000
Total Countries 1
Indigenous Yes
Progress Scale 1
Unreached Yes
Frontier People Group Yes
GSEC 2  (per PeopleGroups.org)
Pioneer Workers Needed 5
Alternate Names Bahutali, Bahutuli, Bathdi, Bathuhuli, बतुड़ी
People ID 16341
ROP3 Code 111477
Country India
Region South Asia
Continent Asia
10/40 Window Yes
National Bible Society Website
Persecution Rank 11  (Open Doors top 50 rank, 1 = highest persecution ranking)
Total States on file 5
Largest States
Odisha
217,000
West Bengal
7,000
Jharkhand
3,500
Delhi
200
Bihar
30
Specialized Website South Asia Peoples
Country India
Region South Asia
Continent Asia
10/40 Window Yes
National Bible Society Website
Persecution Rank 11  (Open Doors top 50 rank, 1 = highest persecution ranking)
Total States 5
  Odisha 217,000
  West Bengal 7,000
  Jharkhand 3,500
  Delhi 200
  Bihar 30
Website South Asia Peoples
Primary Language Odia (218,000 speakers)
Language Code ory   Ethnologue Listing
Language Written Yes   ScriptSource Listing
Total Languages 20
Secondary Languages
(only 15 largest shown)
Bengali
8,800
Hindi
900
Santhali
600
Munda
300
Ho
200
Mundari
100
Kuvi
30
Marathi
30
Naga, Ao
20
Sikkimese
10
Halbi
10
Telugu
Malayalam English Kharia
Primary Language Odia (218,000 speakers)
Language Code ory   Ethnologue Listing
Total Languages 20
Secondary Languages (only 15 largest shown)
  Bengali 8,800
  Hindi 900
  Santhali 600
  Munda 300
  Ho 200
  Mundari 100
  Kuvi 30
  Marathi 30
  Naga, Ao 20
  Sikkimese 10
  Halbi 10
  Telugu 10
  Malayalam 10
  English 10
  Kharia 10
People Groups Speaking Odia

Primary Language:  Odia

Bible Translation Status  (Years)
Bible-Portions Yes  (1811-1956)
Bible-New Testament Yes  (1809-2000)
Bible-Complete Yes  (1815-2004)
Bible-NT Audio Online
Bible-NT Text Online
Possible Print Bibles
Amazon
Forum Bible Agencies
National Bible Societies
World Bible Finder
World Bibles
Resource Type Resource Name
Audio Recordings Audio Bible teaching (GRN)
Audio Recordings Online New Testament (FCBH)
Audio Recordings Online Scripture (Talking Bibles)
Audio Recordings Story of Jesus audio (Jesus Film Project)
Film / Video Following Jesus (India, JF Project)
Film / Video God's Story Video
Film / Video Jesus Film: view in Odia
Film / Video Magdalena (Jesus Film Project)
Film / Video My Last Day (Jesus Film Project Anime)
Film / Video Rivka (Jesus Film Project)
Film / Video Story of Jesus for Children (JF Project)
General Four Spiritual Laws
General God's Simple Plan
General Got Questions Ministry
Mobile App Download Bible from Google Play Store
Text / Printed Matter Bible
Text / Printed Matter Bible: ODIA - Oriya
Text / Printed Matter Bibles, Bible League
Text / Printed Matter OneHope resources for children and youth
Text / Printed Matter Online Bible (Bibles India)
Primary Religion: Hinduism
Major Religion Percent *
Buddhism
0.00 %
Christianity  (Evangelical Unknown)
0.07 %
Ethnic Religions
0.00 %
Hinduism
99.75 %
Islam
0.09 %
Non-Religious
0.00 %
Other / Small
0.01 %
Unknown
0.07 %
Photo Source Bethany World Prayer Center 
Map Source Bethany World Prayer Center  
Profile Source Bethany World Prayer Center  
Data Sources Data is compiled from various sources. Read more
* Religion Values From latest India census data.  Current values may differ.


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