Bahna (Muslim traditions) in Pakistan

The Bahna (Muslim traditions) have only been reported in Pakistan
Population
Main Language
Largest Religion
Christian
Evangelical
Progress
Progress Gauge

Introduction / History

The Bahna or Behana or Dhunia are a people who live in Pakistan and India. Their name comes a word for "seed." Their traditional occupation was separating the seeds from raw cotton. The Bahna believe they originally came from Persia or Afghanistan. With the coming of the modern technology, the Bahna have gone into different jobs like selling cotton fabric, agriculture, manufacturing and trade. The Bahna were originally all Hindus. Some Bahna became Muslims during the time of the Delhi Sultanate and Moghul Empire. Many of them left India and moved to Pakistan in 1947. Most of the Bahna girls receive little formal education while the boys pursue more schooling. The primary language of the Bahna is Urdu.


Where Are they Located?

The vast majority of the Muslim Bahna of Pakistan live in the province of Sindh. Some also reside in Punjab.


What Are Their Lives Like?

The Bahna marry within their community often their cousins. One spouse is the general rule while having more than one wife is legal. The sons inherit their father's property. Their dead are buried.

The Bahna are not vegetarians but as Muslims do not eat pork. Their main foods are rice, wheat, lentils, vegetables and fruit. Most Bahna live in villages with other castes.


What Are Their Beliefs?

The Bahna people are Sunni, the largest branch of Islam. They attempt to obey the teachings of the Qur'an and the prophet Muhammad. They believe that by following the Five Pillars of Islam that they will attain heaven when they die. Sunnis pray five times a day facing Mecca. They fast the month of Ramadan. They attend mosque services on Friday. If a Muslim has the means, he or she will make a pilgrimage to Mecca once in his or her lifetime.

The two main holidays for Sunni Muslims are Eid al Fitr, the breaking of the Ramadan fast and Eid al Adha, the celebration of Abraham's willingness to sacrifice his son to Allah.


What Are Their Needs?

The Muslim Bahna need to hear the good news about Isa or Jesus in a way they can understand. They need to see the love and grace of Christ lived out before them in practical ways. Teachers can come and help Bahna women and girls learn the basics of reading and writing. Workers can help the Bahna gain access to clean water and electricity.


Prayer Points

* Pray for the Holy Spirit to work powerfully through those believers ministering to the Bahna people.
* Pray for the tiny number of Bahna believers in India to be strengthened in the faith and led by God to share their faith with their people in Pakistan.
* Pray for movements to Jesus to sweep through Bahna families, permeating the group from within.


References

en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Behna
peoplegroupsindia.com/profiles/dhunia/comment-page-1/


Profile Source:   David Kugel  

People Name General Bahna (Muslim traditions)
People Name in Country Bahna (Muslim traditions)
Population in Pakistan 178,000
World Population 178,000
Total Countries 1
Indigenous Yes
Progress Scale 1
Unreached Yes
Frontier People Group Yes
Pioneer Workers Needed 4
Alternate Names Behana, Dhunia, Dhunkar, Naddaf, Panjara, Panjwara, Penja, Pinja, Pinjali, Pinjara, Pinjia, Punji, बहना (मुस्लिम ट्रेडिशन्स)
People ID 16291
ROP3 Code 111416
Country Pakistan
Region South Asia
Continent Asia
10/40 Window Yes
National Bible Society Website
Persecution Rank 5  (Open Doors top 50 rank, 1 = highest persecution ranking)
Total States on file 2
Largest States
Sindh
170,000
Punjab
8,300
Specialized Website South Asia Peoples
Country Pakistan
Region South Asia
Continent Asia
10/40 Window Yes
National Bible Society Website
Persecution Rank 5  (Open Doors top 50 rank, 1 = highest persecution ranking)
Total States 2
  Sindh 170,000
  Punjab 8,300
Website South Asia Peoples
Primary Language Urdu (80,000 speakers)
Language Code urd   Ethnologue Listing
Language Written Yes   ScriptSource Listing
Total Languages 9
Secondary Languages
Sindhi
46,000
Saraiki
23,000
Punjabi, Western
7,000
Goaria
6,400
Koli, Wadiyara
2,200
Bagri
2,200
Kacchi
400
Koli, Parkari
400
Primary Language Urdu (80,000 speakers)
Language Code urd   Ethnologue Listing
Total Languages 9
Secondary Languages
  Sindhi 46,000
  Saraiki 23,000
  Punjabi, Western 7,000
  Goaria 6,400
  Koli, Wadiyara 2,200
  Bagri 2,200
  Kacchi 400
  Koli, Parkari 400
People Groups Speaking Urdu

Primary Language:  Urdu

Bible Translation Status  (Years)
Bible-Portions Yes  (1747-1894)
Bible-New Testament Yes  (1758-2000)
Bible-Complete Yes  (1843-2016)
Bible-NT Audio Online
Bible-NT Text Online
Possible Print Bibles
Amazon
Forum Bible Agencies
National Bible Societies
World Bible Finder
World Bibles
Resource Type Resource Name
Audio Recordings Audio Bible teaching (GRN)
Audio Recordings Online New Testament - Easy to Read (FCBH)
Audio Recordings Online New Testament - Pakistan Bible Society (FCBH)
Audio Recordings Online Scripture (Talking Bibles)
Audio Recordings Oral Bible
Audio Recordings Story of Jesus audio (Jesus Film Project)
Audio Recordings Urdu Online Audio Bible
Film / Video A Gathering of the Followers of Isa (Indigitube.tv)
Film / Video God's Story Video
Film / Video Jesus Film: view in Urdu
Film / Video Magdalena (Jesus Film Project)
Film / Video My Last Day (Jesus Film Project Anime)
Film / Video Story of Jesus for Children (JF Project)
Film / Video The Greatest Sacrifice (Indigitube.tv)
Film / Video The Hope Video
Film / Video The Prophets Story (Indigitube.tv)
General Bible Visuals
General Four Spiritual Laws
General God's Simple Plan
General Got Questions Ministry
Primary Religion: Islam
Major Religion Percent *
Buddhism
0.00 %
Christianity  (Evangelical 0.00 %)
0.00 %
Ethnic Religions
0.00 %
Hinduism
0.00 %
Islam
100.00 %
Non-Religious
0.00 %
Other / Small
0.00 %
Unknown
0.00 %
Photo Source Copyrighted © 2018  India Missions Association  All rights reserved.  Used with permission
Map Source People Group Location: Omid. Other geography / data: GMI. Map Design: Joshua Project  
Profile Source David Kugel  
Data Sources Data is compiled from various sources. Read more
* Religion Values From latest Pakistan census data.  Current values may differ.


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