Udmurt, Votyak in Russia


Population
555,000
Christian
Evangelical
Largest Religion
Main Language
Progress
Progress Gauge

Introduction / History

Udmurts are a people who speak the Udmurt language. Udmurt is part of the Urlic language. The word Udmurt means "meadow people." They are also referred to by Russians and Tartars as the Otyaskaya, Otyaks, Votyaks, and Ar. The people themselves are described as red-haired and light-eyed and are said to be decedents of the Finns.

Udmurts are mentioned in Arab history as early as 921. Udmurts settled around the valley of the Cheptsa River. The Udmurts became subject to the Mongols in 1237. Later in history, some Urdmurt groups mixed with the Tartars and together they led several rebellions against Russia. During Stalin's great purge many Urmurt intellectuals were murdered. In 1990 Urmurtia became a republic of Russia. Today, because of Russian migration, Udmurts consist of only 28% of the population. Two-thirds of the Udmurt population resides in the republic.


Where Are they Located?

Most Udmurts live in Udmurtia, a federal subject of Russia. The republic is located in the Eastern portion of the Eastern European Plain of Russia. It is between the Kama and Vyatka Rivers. The Udmurt capital is Izhevsk. They also live in other surrounding countries.


What Are Their Lives Like?

The Udmurt Republic has a president who is selected by the Russian President. The republic has its' own constitution and parliament, State Council, elected every five years. The republic is an industrialized republic with machine building, chemical, and oil and gas industries. In WWII it was the home to several defense industry productions and the AK-47 rifle came from this region. The capital is home to several museums and universities.


What Are Their Beliefs?

Dorvyzhy is an Udmurt epic that is a mix of myth and history. It describes the god of the heavens, the earth god (Kyldysin), and the weather god (Kuaz). Village life and religion revolved around the seasons. Villages and later homes had a household sanctuary.

Muslims began to infiltrate the culture but for the most part the Udmurts held to their traditions. In the 14th and 15th centuries Christianity came to Udmurt. It began under forced conversions by Ivan the Terrible. From 1819-1823 the four gospels were translated into Udmurt.
As Russians began to come into Urmartia so did the Orthodox faith. Today around 30 percent of the population consider themselves pagan and 15-40 percent consider themselves Orthodox. Less than a quarter of one percent of the population is evangelical Christians.


What Are Their Needs?

Udmurt society has a high level of alcoholism, depression, and suicide. Individuals and families need healing and the message of Christ.


Prayer Points

* For the strongholds of paganism, alcohol abuse, and depression to be broken in individual lives, families, and in society as a whole.
* For Udmurt believers to be strengthened and bring the hope of Christ to their families and friends.
* For church leaders to be faithful to the Word and to shepherd their sheep well.
* For the Spirit of God to work in the hearts of the Udmurt.


References

http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Udmurtia
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Udmurt_people
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Dorvyzhy
http://www.everyculture.com/Russia-Eurasia-China/Udmurt-Religion-and-Expressive-Culture.html
http://www.biblicalstudies.org.uk/pdf/rss/25-2_177.pdf
http://www.imb.org/main/news/details.asp?LanguageID=1709&StoryID=549


Profile Source:   Rachel Routt  

People Name General Udmurt
People Name in Country Udmurt, Votyak
Population in Russia 555,000
World Population 576,900
Total Countries 7
Indigenous Yes
Least-Reached No
Progress Scale 2
GSEC 2  (per PeopleGroups.org)
Alternate Names Kalmez, Votyak
People ID 15686
Country Russia
Region Eastern Europe and Eurasia
Continent Asia
10/40 Window No
Persecution Rank Not ranked
Location in Country Near Ural Mountains; Udmurtia, 1,000 kms. northeast of Moscow, bounded by Kama and Cheptsa rivers.   Source:  Ethnologue 2010
Country Russia
Region Eastern Europe and Eurasia
Continent Asia
10/40 Window No
Persecution Rank Not ranked
Location in Country Near Ural Mountains; Udmurtia, 1,000 kms. northeast of Moscow, bounded by Kama and Cheptsa rivers.   Source:  Ethnologue 2010

No people group map currently available. Use the above button to submit a map.


Ethnologue Language Map
Ethnolinguistic map or other map

Primary Language: Udmurt (555,000 speakers)   People group listing
Language Code: udm   Ethnologue Listing
Written: Yes   ScriptSource Listing
Total Languages: 1
Primary Language: Udmurt (555,000 speakers)   People group listing
Language Code: udm   Ethnologue Listing
Total Languages: 1
Primary Language: Udmurt

Bible Translation Status  (Years)
Bible Portions Yes   (1847-2006)
New Testament Yes   (1997)
Complete Bible No
 
Possible Print Bibles
Amazon
Forum of Bible Agencies
Gospel Go
World Bible Finder
World Bibles
Resource Type Resource Name
Film / Video Jesus Film: view in Udmurt
Film / Video Magdalena (Jesus Film Project)
Film / Video Story of Jesus for Children (JF Project)
Primary Religion: Christianity
Religion Subdivision: Orthodox

Major Religion Percent
Buddhism
0.00 %
Christianity  (Evangelical 0.01 %)
58.00 %
Ethnic Religions
42.00 %
Hinduism
0.00 %
Islam
0.00 %
Non-Religious
0.00 %
Other / Small
0.00 %
Unknown
0.00 %
Christian Segments Percent
Anglican
0.0 %
Independent
0.0 %
Orthodox
80.0 %
Other Christian
0.0 %
Protestant
10.0 %
Roman Catholic
10.0 %
Photo Source: International Mission Board-SBC   Copyrighted ©   Used with permission
Profile Source: Rachel Routt  
Data Sources: Data is compiled from various sources. Read more


Copyright © 2016 Joshua Project.  A ministry of Frontier Ventures.