Tuvan in Mongolia


Population
Main Language
Largest Religion
Christian
Evangelical
Progress
Progress Gauge

Introduction / History

Tuvans in Mongolia inhabit a harsh mountainous region in the northern part of the country, near the border of Russia. There, the summers are hot and dry, while the winters are bitterly cold. Still, this region can have as many as 300 sunny days a year, and the extremely dry air helps people to withstand the cold winters and the hot summers.
Historically some Tuvans left their home territories in Russia to avoid new Russian settlers and the imposition of Soviet policies during the USSR decades. Some Tuvan clans in Mongolia have maintained their own language, ethnic background, and traditional culture. Other Tuvan clans have been absorbed by the Mongolian culture. Their original language, Tuvin, contains many Mongolian words and uses the Cyrillic script. Most Mongolian Tuvans also speak Halh, the national language of Mongolia.
Traditionally the Tuvans were herders, living a nomadic lifestyle, and those who have not been absorbed by the Mongolian culture still follow that lifestyle. The rural clans are trying to retain their own language and heritage.


What Are Their Lives Like?

Unlike many people in Mongolia, the Tuvan people live in log cabins, not gers. Some live in towns. Most Tuvans raise livestock for a living. They also hunt and do a limited amount of farming. Oats, barley, wheat, and millet are their principal crops. Recently, farmers from northern China have introduced Tuvans to vegetable farming.
Many Tuvans still live as nomadic shepherds, migrating seasonally with their herds. The main industrial activity in the Tuvan Republic is mining, especially for asbestos, cobalt, coal, gold, and uranium. Other industries include processing food, crafting leather or wood items, and manufacturing building materials.
The Tuvan diet primarily consists of meat (mutton, beef, horse, goat, camel, reindeer, and wild game), fish, roots, cedar nuts, and dairy products. Tuvans enjoy drinking airag (fermented milk) on special occasions.
In times past, Tuvans marriages were arranged by the parents, and couples married when they reached the age of 12 or 13. Today, the minimum age for marriage is 18 and parental consent is no longer necessary. A young bride formerly lived with the husband's family, but today the couple's home is determined by their economic conditions. Divorce is common among Tuvans, and abortion is often used as a form of birth control.
Tuvans are known for a special style of singing called khomeii. It sounds like one person singing with two voices! In addition to music, they also love epic poetry. Tuvans use more than 50 different musical instruments, and traveling ensembles often perform outdoors.


What Are Their Beliefs?

The Tuvans were traditionally shamanists, believing in an unseen world of gods, demons, and spirits. Although one third are Tibetan Buddhists and one third are non-religious, today the majority still revert to many shamanistic ceremonies and practices when there is sickness or another serious need.


What Are Their Needs?

There are a number of Tuvan believers, but they need to take Christ to those who still don't know that Christ came to save sinners.


Prayer Points

* Scripture Prayers for the Tuvan, Uriankhai in Mongolia.

Pray that Christian radio and television broadcasts will be made available to Tuvans wherever they live.
Ask the Holy Spirit to soften the hearts of Tuvans toward Christ and that they will be become receptive to Him.
Pray this will be the decade of an unstoppable movement to Christ among the Tuvan people.


Profile Source:   Joshua Project  

Additional Info
Global Prayer Digest: 2006-08-26
Global Prayer Digest: 2009-07-15
People Name General Tuvan
People Name in Country Tuvan, Uriankhai
Natural Name Tuvan
Population this Country 41,000
Population all Countries 314,000
Total Countries 3
Indigenous Yes
Progress Scale 1
Unreached Yes
Frontier People Group No
GSEC 1  (per PeopleGroups.org)
Pioneer Workers Needed 1
Alternate Names Altai Tuva; Altai Uriangkhai; Diba; Monchak; Monjak; Mungak; Shor; Soyod; Soyon; Soyot; Tokha; Tuba; Tuvin; Tuvinian; Tuwa; Urinkhai; Uryangkhai
People ID 15668
ROP3 Code 110333
Country Mongolia
Region Asia, Northeast
Continent Asia
10/40 Window Yes
National Bible Society Website
Persecution Rank Not ranked
Location in Country North and west enclaves, Hovsgol Province, northwest Tsagaannuur and Ulaan-Uul sums, 2 areas of east of Hovsgol Nuur; Uvs Province, north and west of Uva Nuur, far north Tsagaannuur and Ulaan-Uul sums; Dzavhan Province, Dorvoljin sum; and Hovd Province, capital city area.   Source:  Ethnologue 2016
Country Mongolia
Region Asia, Northeast
Continent Asia
10/40 Window Yes
National Bible Society Website
Persecution Rank Not ranked
Location in Country North and west enclaves, Hovsgol Province, northwest Tsagaannuur and Ulaan-Uul sums, 2 areas of east of Hovsgol Nuur; Uvs Province, north and west of Uva Nuur, far north Tsagaannuur and Ulaan-Uul sums; Dzavhan Province, Dorvoljin sum; and Hovd Province, capital city area..   Source:  Ethnologue 2016
Primary Language Tuvan
Language Code tyv   Ethnologue Listing
Language Written Yes   ScriptSource Listing
Total Languages 2
Secondary Languages
Kalmyk-Oirat: Uriankhai
Primary Language Tuvan
Language Code tyv   Ethnologue Listing
Total Languages 2
Secondary Languages
  Kalmyk-Oirat: Uriankhai
People Groups Speaking Tuvan

Primary Language:  Tuvan

Bible Translation Status  (Years)
Bible-Portions Yes  (1996)
Bible-New Testament Yes  (2002)
Bible-Complete Yes  (2011)
Bible-NT Audio Online
Bible-NT Text Online
Possible Print Bibles
Amazon
World Bibles
Forum Bible Agencies
National Bible Societies
World Bible Finder
Virtual Storehouse
Resource Type Resource Name
Audio Recordings Audio Bible teaching (GRN)
Audio Recordings Online New Testament (FCBH)
Film / Video Jesus Film: view in Tuva
Film / Video LUMO film of Gospels
Film / Video Magdalena (Jesus Film Project)
Film / Video My Last Day (Jesus Film Project Anime)
Film / Video Story of Jesus for Children (JF Project)
Text / Printed Matter Bible: Тыва дыл - Tuvinian
Text / Printed Matter Online Bible text (Scripture Earth)
Primary Religion: Buddhism
Major Religion Percent
Buddhism
35.00 %
Christianity  (Evangelical 0.80 %)
1.00 %
Ethnic Religions
30.00 %
Hinduism
0.00 %
Islam
0.00 %
Non-Religious
34.00 %
Other / Small
0.00 %
Unknown
0.00 %
Christian Segments Percent
Anglican
0.0 %
Independent
30.0 %
Orthodox
0.0 %
Other Christian
0.0 %
Protestant
40.0 %
Roman Catholic
30.0 %
Photo Source Copyrighted © 2021  Anonymous  All rights reserved.  Used with permission
Map Source Mongolian Traditional Costumes  
Profile Source Joshua Project  
Data Sources Data is compiled from various sources. Read more


Avatar

Welcome. I’m a virtual assistant and will try to answer questions about Joshua Project, unreached people groups, the Great Commission and more. How can I help you?

For further help try our FAQ, Definitions or Contact Us pages.