Sahrawi in Algeria

Main Language
Largest Religion
Progress Gauge

Introduction / History

Originally, the Sahrawi were desert nomads who traveled from place to place with their camels. Today, they can be found in the desert in southern Morocco, in the Western Sahara region, in the North of Mauritania, in Algerian refugee camps, and in the Canary Islands. A sub-group of the Moors, they are of mixed Berber, Arab, and black African descent. Some Sahrawi are herdsmen, others are traders, and still others are warriors. However, all speak an Arabic dialect called Hassaniya. In addition, their religion, way of life, and dress are Arabic in flavor and style.

By the 1300s, the Arabs ruled the region, causing conflict with the Berbers until the end of the 1600s. The Sahrawi are descendants of these two groups and their slaves. Until 1904 when Spain gained control, the Sahrawi were threatened by Morocco's desire to annex the Western Sahara region. Since Spain's withdrawal in 1976, many Sahrawi have fled to Algerian refugee camps, returned to the deserts, or joined the Polisario, which continues to demand independence.

What Are Their Lives Like?

The many years of the Spanish presence in Morocco greatly affected the nomadic lifestyle of the Sahrawi. Current society is varied, with some very wealthy Sahrawi, and others very poor, still living in the refugee camps. In Sahrawi homes, families sleep on skins covered with blankets. At meal times, the men eat before the women and children. Because of their poverty, most Sahrawi generally have only one wife, although their Muslim faith allows them to have up to four. In addition, marriages are endogamous (within the tribe).

Agriculture among the Sahrawi remains limited, since the average rainfall is only two inches per year. Now that slavery is outlawed, their exports are limited to livestock.

There is a long-standing conflict between Morocco and the Sahrawi Polisario Front. Morocco claims Western Sahara, but Algeria sides with the Polisario, hoping to later negotiate for an outlet to the ocean. Sovereignty in the area currently remains unresolved. As a result of the war, many young Sahrawi men have joined the army, dividing the family. Women and children have fled to refugee camps and depend on special programs for basic necessities.

Sahrawi society consists of four main groups: warriors; marabouts, or holy people; tribute payers, who pay taxes to the higher classes; and black slaves. Craftsmen and musicians form separate, low-caste groups. In the past, differences in social class were clearly marked. The eight Sahrawi tribes were constantly at odds with one another, struggling for supremacy. Fighting, robbery, and revenge were the means of surviving drought, plagues, or another robbery. Peace through negotiation always followed. Today, classes serve more as a means of identification rather than a way of life.

What Are Their Beliefs?

When the original Berbers were conquered by the Arabs, many fled to the desert, while others were assimilated. All of them, however, accepted the Arab Muslim religion with open hearts. As they embraced their new faith, they carried it with them on their nomadic journeys. Despite their devotion, however, the Berbers retained many of their traditional beliefs. To this day, West African Islam, with its mixture of beliefs, is more tolerant of diversity than Islam elsewhere.

While some pre-Islamic beliefs still exist among the Sahrawi, they like to think of themselves as pure Muslims. Like most North African groups, there are some beliefs that certain dead Muslim teachers have a power that can be accessed for healing through pilgrimage to their grave sites. Some scholars have mentioned that the Sahrawi also worship a god known as Sidi Erbbi, who is paternal and full of life.

What Are Their Needs?

The Sahrawi live in an area of war and political turmoil. As a result, families have been divided, and many have been displaced in refugee camps. Their desire for political recognition and independence is strong. Fervent intercession must be made if the Sahrawi are to find lasting peace in a saving relationship with Christ.

Prayer Points

Ask the Lord to bring lasting peace in the Western Sahara region of Morocco.
Pray for effective, evangelistic tools to be translated into the Sahrawi language.
Ask the Holy Spirit to supernaturally reveal Jesus as the way to true peace.
Ask the Lord to soften the hearts of the Sahrawi towards the Gospel message.
Pray that God will save key leaders among the Sahrawi who will boldly declare the Lordship of Jesus.
Ask God to raise up prayer teams who will begin breaking up the soil through worship and intercession.
Pray that strong local churches will be raised up among the Sahrawi.

Scripture Prayers for the Sahrawi in Algeria.

Profile Source:   Bethany World Prayer Center  

People Name General Sahrawi
People Name in Country Sahrawi
Pronunciation sah-RAH-wee
Alternate Names Delim; Delim Bedouin; Saharawi
Population this Country 174,000
Population all Countries 470,000
Total Countries 5
Indigenous Yes
Progress Scale 1
Unreached Yes
Frontier People Group Yes
GSEC 1  (per
Pioneer Workers Needed 3
People ID 14639
ROP3 Code 108512
ROP25 Code 307117
ROP25 Name Saharawi
Country Algeria
Region Africa, North and Middle East
Continent Africa
10/40 Window Yes
Persecution Rank 15  (Open Doors top 50 rank, 1 = highest persecution ranking)
Location in Country Tindouf - refugee area   Source:  Joshua Project
Country Algeria
Region Africa, North and Middle East
Continent Africa
10/40 Window Yes
Persecution Rank 15  (Open Doors top 50 rank, 1 = highest persecution ranking)
Location in Country Tindouf - refugee area.   Source:  Joshua Project
Map of Sahrawi in Algeria Ethnolinguistic map or other map

Primary Religion: Islam
Major Religion Percent
0.00 %
Christianity  (Evangelical 0.01 %)
0.01 %
Ethnic Religions
0.00 %
0.00 %
99.99 %
0.00 %
Other / Small
0.00 %
0.00 %
Primary Language Hassaniyya
Language Code mey   Ethnologue Listing
Language Written Yes   ScriptSource Listing
Total Languages 2
Secondary Languages
Primary Language Hassaniyya
Language Code mey   Ethnologue Listing
Total Languages 2
Secondary Languages
People Groups Speaking Hassaniyya
Photo Source EU Civil Protection & Humanitarian Aid - Flickr  Creative Commons 
Map Source People Group location: IMB. Map geography: ESRI / GMI. Map design: Joshua Project.  
Profile Source Bethany World Prayer Center 
Data Sources Data is compiled from various sources. Learn more.

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