Riau Malay in Singapore

Main Language
Largest Religion
Progress Gauge

Introduction / History

The Riau Province of Sumatra, Indonesia is bordered on the north by the province of North Sumatra and the Straits of Malacca; on the south by the Jambi Province; on the west by the provinces of North and West Sumatra and on the east by the South China Sea. While most Melayu Riau (Riau Malays) live on the mainland of Sumatra, other Riau peoples live on the 3,214 small islands that comprise the province of Riau Islands. The two most developed islands in that province are Batam and Bintan, approximately 30-45 minutes by boat, south of Singapore. By far the largest and most dominant ethnic group in the Riau Province is the Melayu Riau, nevertheless there are many other ethnic groups that live among them. Each group guards its culture well. Other significant immigrant groups in Riau Province include the Minangkabau, the Javanese and the Chinese. The Melayu Riau language is part of the Malay language cluster. The Melayu Riau has two dialects. One dialect is used in the islands and near the coast, while the other dialect is used on the Sumatran mainland. The Melayu Riau language is used in traditional poetry, local proverbs, magic incantations, legends, romantic stories and other forms to express the feelings of the people.

What Are Their Lives Like?

The Melayu Riau people make a living as fishermen and farmers. For those living on the islands, their way of life depends more on the ocean. Farming is limited because of inefficient farming methods. Most Melayu Riau live in wooden homes built on pilings along the length of the river or along the shoreline. The Melayu Riau also build houseboats, placing a house on a floating raft. Besides functioning as houses, these can also be used as small stores. Historically, the Melayu Riau have adhered to a bilateral lineage system in which lineage is traced through both the mother and the father. There are also those who use a patrilineal (from the father's side) system, which is a result of Islamic teaching. Some others follow a matrilineal (from the mother's side), which is due to Minangkabau influence. The basic family unit consists of the mother, father and unmarried children.

What Are Their Beliefs?

The Melayu Riau have been influenced by Islamic, Hindu, Buddhist and European cultures. Islam influences almost every aspect of present day life for the Melayu Riau and parents emphasize religious education over formal education, particularly in primary school. At the same time, many common practices indicate the strong adherence to traditional spiritual beliefs - for example, potions used to ward off evil spirits. A shaman (called a bomo) is normally asked to drive out evil spirits which are believed to be the cause of sickness.

What Are Their Needs?

The Melayu Riau need appropriate farming technology for their land. Communication and ocean transport infrastructure are also pressing needs. Additionally, they need improved access to adequate medical services and midwives. Their standard of living is far below that enjoyed by more recent immigrants to the Riau Province. This is ironic given that this province gives more money to the central government's budget than any other province, with the exception of East Kalimantan. Also much of their land has been taken over by plantations which are springing up around Riau. Burning of forests and swamps to open new land occurs every year. Because of this, there is a need to work together closely with the Melayu Riau community to increase their understanding of economics, the law and sustainable environmental conservation techniques.

Prayer Points

Scripture Prayers for the Malay, Riau in Singapore.

Profile Source:   IPN, 2011   Copyrighted ©   Used with permission  

Additional Info
Global Prayer Digest: 2013-05-10
Malay profile for Children and Family Missions Activities
People Name General Malay, Riau
People Name in Country Malay, Riau
Natural Name Riau Malay
Pronunciation ree-OW muh-LAY
Population this Country 17,000
Population all Countries 1,911,000
Total Countries 2
Indigenous No
Progress Scale 1
Unreached Yes
Frontier People Group No
Pioneer Workers Needed 1
Alternate Names Malay; Riau
People ID 14556
ROP3 Code 108373
Country Singapore
Region Asia, Southeast
Continent Asia
10/40 Window No
National Bible Society Website
Persecution Rank Not ranked
Country Singapore
Region Asia, Southeast
Continent Asia
10/40 Window No
National Bible Society Website
Persecution Rank Not ranked

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Primary Religion: Islam
Major Religion Percent
0.00 %
Christianity  (Evangelical 0.05 %)
0.30 %
Ethnic Religions
0.00 %
0.00 %
99.70 %
0.00 %
Other / Small
0.00 %
0.00 %
Primary Language Malay (17,000 speakers)
Language Code zlm   Ethnologue Listing
Language Written Yes   ScriptSource Listing
Total Languages 1
Primary Language Malay (17,000 speakers)
Language Code zlm   Ethnologue Listing
Total Languages 1
People Groups Speaking Malay

Primary Language:  Malay

Bible Translation Status  (Years)
Bible-Portions Yes  (1629-1932)
Bible-New Testament Yes  (1668-1974)
Bible-Complete Yes  (2015)
Bible-NT Audio Online
Possible Print Bibles
World Bibles
Forum Bible Agencies
National Bible Societies
World Bible Finder
Virtual Storehouse
Resource Type Resource Name Source
Audio Recordings Audio Bible teaching Global Recordings Network
Audio Recordings Love letter to you from scripture Father's Love Letter
Audio Recordings Online New Testament Faith Comes by Hearing
Audio Recordings Online New Testament Faith Comes by Hearing
Audio Recordings Story of Jesus audio Jesus Film Project
Film / Video Indigitube.tv Video / Animation Create International
Film / Video Jesus Film: view in Malay Jesus Film Project
Film / Video My Last Day video, anime Jesus Film Project
Film / Video Story of Jesus for Children Jesus Film Project
Film / Video World Christian Videos World Christian Videos
General Bible for Children Bible for Children
General Biblical answers to your questions Got Questions Ministry
General Four Spiritual Laws Campus Crusade for Christ
General Gospel resources links Scripture Earth
Mobile App Download audio Bible app as APK file Faith Comes by Hearing
Mobile App Download audio Bible app as APK file Faith Comes by Hearing
Mobile App Download audio Bible app from Google Play Store Faith Comes by Hearing
Text / Printed Matter Download scripture in this language eBible.org
Text / Printed Matter Jesus Messiah comic book General / Other
Text / Printed Matter Literacy primer for Malay Literacy & Evangelism International
Photo Source Lilis Noviani - Pixabay 
Profile Source IPN, 2011   Copyrighted ©   Used with permission  
Data Sources Data is compiled from various sources. Read more