Punjabi in Fiji

Largest Religion
Main Language
Progress Gauge

Introduction / History

The British Raj had a big problem to solve in the 1870s. The Fijian Islands were willing to become part of their empire, but they had to have a stable economy. So Governor Sir Arthur Hamilton Gordon came up with a way to make money and finance this new colony. Finances would come from sugar plantations. The governor knew that the Fijians would be incensed if they were suddenly forced to work the plantations, after agreeing to become part of the British Empire. So he decided to bring laborers in from their South Asian colony, India.

South Asian sugar workers started coming to work at the sugar plantations in the 1870s. Sikhs from India's Punjab were relative latecomers. They came to Fiji from 1900-1930. According to one Sikh web site, "The Punjabis have established themselves irreversibly, firmly and successfully in Fiji." It would be unusual to see a Sikh working in the sugar fields today. Some have been elected to Fiji's Parliament, and many now own businesses.

What Are Their Beliefs?

The Diaspora Punjabi reflect the three major religions of their homeland: Hinduism, Islam, and Sikhism. Most of the Diaspora Punjabi speakers are Sikhs who are mostly atheists.

Sikhism is a monotheistic religion that was founded in northern India during the sixteenth century. Its teachings have combined the elements of both Hinduism and Islam in an attempt to find one god who transcends all religious distinctions.

The founder of Sikhism, Guru Nanak, was a man of strong convictions and high morals. Sikhs have been taught to defend the defenseless, thus the sword that they are required to have on their person. Their faith began in part as a rebellion against the inequality of the Hindu caste system. Thus, Sikhs believe in the equality of all humanity. They hope for one God who transcends all religions.

Those who have heard the words of Jesus have been drawn to Him. Since the 1970s, many Sikhs have put their faith in Christ, especially in Canada, and in their homeland, India's fertile Punjab State. But there are few Sikhs who follow Christ in Fiji, largely because there are few missionaries who have gone to them.

Prayer Points

* Pray for the Lord of the Harvest to thrust out workers specifically to the Sikhs in Fiji.
* Pray for these Sikhs to hear and respond to the Word of God, and turn to Jesus, the God who transcends all "religion."

Profile Source:   Global Prayer Digest 

Prayer / Resource Links:
Global Prayer Digest: 2006-06-12
People Name General Punjabi
People Name in Country Punjabi
Population in Fiji 9,000
World Population 1,548,600
Total Countries 17
Indigenous No
Unreached No
Unengaged Yes (per Finishing the Task)
Progress Scale 2
GSEC 1  (per PeopleGroups.org)
Alternate Names Eastern Punjabi, Gurmukhi, Mirpur Punjabi, Panjabi, Sikh
People ID 14483
ROP3 Code 108182
Country Fiji
Region South Pacific
Continent Oceania
10/40 Window No
Persecution Rank Not ranked
Country Fiji
Region South Pacific
Continent Oceania
10/40 Window No
Persecution Rank Not ranked

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Ethnologue Language Map

Primary Language: Punjabi, Eastern   (People group listing)
Language Code: pan   Ethnologue Listing
Written: Yes   ScriptSource Listing
Primary Dialect: Punjabi
Dialect Code: 761   Global Recordings Listing
Total Languages: 1
Primary Language: Punjabi, Eastern   People group listing
Language Code: pan   Ethnologue Listing
Primary Dialect: Punjabi
Dialect Code: 761   Global Recordings Listing
Total Languages: 1
Primary Language: Punjabi, Eastern

Bible Translation Status  (Years)
Bible Portions Yes   (1818-1954)
New Testament Yes   (1815-2011)
Complete Bible Yes   (1959-2002)
Audio Bible Online
Possible Print Bibles
Forum of Bible Agencies
Gospel Go
World Bible Finder
World Bibles
Resource Type Resource Name
Audio Recordings Audio Bible teaching (GRN)
Audio Recordings Online New Testament (FCBH)
Audio Recordings Online Scripture (Talking Bibles)
Audio Recordings Oral Bible
Audio Recordings Story of Jesus audio (Jesus Film Project)
Film / Video Eyes of the Heart (Indigitube.tv)
Film / Video Following Jesus (India, JF Project)
Film / Video God's Story Video
Film / Video Jesus Film: view in Punjabi, Eastern
Film / Video Magdalena (Jesus Film Project)
Film / Video Sikh Contextual Gathering (Indigitube.tv)
Film / Video Sikh Punjabi Music Video (Indigitube.tv)
Film / Video Story of Jesus for Children (JF Project)
General Four Spiritual Laws
General Got Questions Ministry
Text / Printed Matter Bible-in-Your-Language
Text / Printed Matter Online Bible (Bibles India)
Text / Printed Matter World Missionary Press Booklets
Primary Religion: Hinduism

Major Religion Percent
0.00 %
Christianity  (Evangelical 0.50 %)
6.00 %
Ethnic Religions
0.00 %
50.00 %
14.00 %
0.00 %
Other / Small
30.00 %
0.00 %
Christian Segments Percent
0.0 %
15.0 %
0.0 %
Other Christian
0.0 %
25.0 %
Roman Catholic
60.0 %
Photo Source: Manny Pabla   Creative Commons  
Profile Source: Global Prayer Digest 
Data Sources: Data is compiled from various sources. Read more

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