The De'ang were originally part of one great Austro-Asiatic cluster of peoples. It appears the De'ang and Wa shared a common identity in the past but split off from each other when the De'ang embraced Buddhism. The Wa remained animists. De'ang is a member of the Mon-Khmer language family. It is related to Bulang and Wa. Pale is the only one of the four De'ang languages that is not tonal. In Myanmar the Pale language is quite uniform despite its large geographical dispersion.
The Pale Palaung are one of four distinct groups that have been combined to form the official De'ang nationality in China. In Myanmar, they are called Palaung. Palaung is a Burmese word.
They are located in Luxi County in the western part of China's Yunnan Province, close to the Myanmar border. In addition, a large number live in northern Myanmar. A smaller number live near Fang in northwest Thailand. They were war refugees from Myanmar in the early 1980s.
Most Pale Palaung are employed in agriculture, farming and logging. They assign work tasks according to age and sex. The men perform demanding tasks such as plowing while the women plant seeds and fetch water. The Palaung have been culturally influenced by their Dai neighbors and celebrate many of the same festivals.
The Palaung converted to Theravada Buddhism many centuries ago. Their Buddhist practices are mixed with numerous animistic beliefs and rituals. Shamans, or witch doctors, are powerful figures in De'ang society. They never begin an important event without first consulting a shaman. He goes into a trance to determine whether or not an event should occur and when the most auspicious date and time will be.
The Pale Palaung are considered relatively resistant to Christianity. The majority are trapped in fear of demons and shamans. Few missionaries in the past have tried to reach the Pale Palaung in China. In 1945 work among them was described as "completely virgin soil." A handful of Palaung families in western Yunnan were converted before foreign missionaries were expelled from China in the early 1950s. Today, approximately one out of every thousand Pale Palaung in Myanmar is a Christian. The few minor breakthroughs that have occurred among the Pale Palaung in Myanmar have often resulted in violent persecution and martyrdom. The Pale Palaung have gospel radio broadcasts and the JESUS Film in their language. Although the broadcasts are focused on Myanmar, listeners in Thailand and China might also be able to hear them.
Pray the Pale Palaung would see they do not have to live in slavery to spirits if they put their trust in Jesus Christ.
Pray for the Lord to intervene in their families, calling people to his side.
Pray for loving workers.
Pray for their hearts to be drawn to the Lord of lords.
Pray for a church planting movement to thrive in their communities.
Scripture Prayers for the Palaung, Pale in Thailand.
Operation China, Asia Harvest, Copyrighted © Used with permission
|Profile Source: Joshua Project|
|People Name General||Palaung, Pale|
|People Name in Country||Palaung, Pale|
|Natural Name||Pale Palaung|
|Alternate Names||Benglong; Bonglong; Bonglung; Bulei; Darang; Deang; De'ang Pale; Manton; Nam Hsan; Ngwe; Ngwe Palaung; Palaung; Pale Palaung; Palong; PalPalay; Penglung; Silver; Silver Palaung; Southern Ta'ang; Taang|
|Population this Country||6,400|
|Population all Countries||310,000|
|Progress Scale||1 ●|
|Frontier People Group||No|
|Pioneer Workers Needed||1|
|National Bible Society||Website|
|Persecution Rank||Not ranked|
|Location in Country||Chiang Mai province. Source: Ethnologue 2016|
|Primary Language||Palaung, Ruching (6,400 speakers)|
|Language Code||pce Ethnologue Listing|
|Language Written||Yes ScriptSource Listing|
Primary Language: Palaung, Ruching
|Bible Translation ▲||Status (Years)|
|Bible-New Testament||Yes (2012-2013)|
|FCBH NT (www.bible.is)||Online|
|YouVersion NT (www.bible.com)||Online|
|Possible Print Bibles|
|Forum Bible Agencies|
|National Bible Societies|
|World Bible Finder|
|Resource Type ▲||Resource Name||Source|
|Audio Recordings||Audio Bible teaching||Global Recordings Network|
|Audio Recordings||Online Audio Scripture||Talking Bibles|
|Audio Recordings||Story of Jesus audio||Jesus Film Project|
|Film / Video||God's Story video||God's Story|
|Film / Video||Jesus Film: view in Palaung, Ruching||Jesus Film Project|
|Film / Video||LUMO film of Gospels||Bible Media Group/LUMO|
|Film / Video||World Christian Videos||World Christian Videos|
|General||Faith Comes By Hearing - Bible in text or audio or video||Faith Comes by Hearing|
|General||Gospel resources links||Scripture Earth|
|General||YouVersion Bible versions in text and/or audio||YouVersion Bibles|
|Mobile App||Android Bible app: Palaung, Ruching||YouVersion Bibles|
|Mobile App||Bible app direct APK download||SIL|
|Mobile App||Bible app direct APK download||SIL|
|Mobile App||iOS Bible app: Palaung, Ruching||YouVersion Bibles|
|Text / Printed Matter||Jesus Messiah comic book||General / Other|