Maninka, Konyanka in Liberia


Population
48,000
Main Language
Largest Religion
Christian
Evangelical
Progress
Progress Gauge

Introduction / History

The Konyanka Maninka are a subgroup of a much larger people group known as the Mande, who inhabit the western portion of Africa's northern plains and coastal forests. The Maninka are known for their ingenuity and leadership qualities, as well as their trading, farming and mining abilities. They are the descendants of the people of the once great Mali Empire. The empire amassed a great fortune taxing the trade of gold and ivory in the region. Before becoming a part of the empire, they were credited with revolutionizing agriculture in the area; they discovered the use of millet. The Konyanka Maninkas speak a Manding language that is also called Maninka. Manding languages are spoken in many West African nations. Although some of these languages have no written script, their oral literature is regarded as some of the best in the world.


Where Are they Located?

Eastern Maninkas live all over West Africa, including Liberia.


What Are Their Lives Like?

The Konyanka Maninka live in large, walled-in villages. Within the villages, families live in separate, fenced-in compounds. Their homes are round, thatch-roof huts made of mud and sun-dried brick. Few of the homes have electricity or running water. The Maninkas primarily work as farmers, miners or merchants. They also raise cattle, but only to gain prestige within the community or to use in ceremonies.

While each village is ruled by its own chief, the oldest descendants of the first Maninka settlers are counted as nobility and also have a certain amount of authority. There is a clear social order among the Maninka that ranges from nobility to commoners. The lowest and most despised class consists of craftsmen and former slaves. Maninka society is patriarchal, or male-dominated. The line of descent is traced through the fathers, and inheritances are passed down through the males. Men commonly have more than one wife.

Some of the Maninkas prefer living in cities where they can develop a trade or work in a service occupation. Nevertheless, while living in the cities, they usually remain attached to their villages in some way.

A typical Maninka meal consists of steamed rice covered with a spicy stew of vegetables and meat or fish. Mangoes, bananas, oranges, papayas, and cashews add balance to their diet.

The Konyanka Maninka value such characteristics as honesty, logical thinking, and the ability to speak in public. They do not approve of dishonesty. Ironically, however, many Maninkas use manipulation and deceit as methods of getting ahead in society. For this reason, they are a very suspicious people. Men rarely have close personal relationships with each other because they expect even their closest friends to be cunning and deceitful.


What Are Their Beliefs?

The Konyanka Maninka have adapted the doctrines of Islam to their own beliefs, resulting in a wide variety of sects. Islam was first introduced in West Africa by Muslim merchants. Their desire was to enhance the region both religiously and culturally. Since the Maninka were not required by Islamic leaders to abandon their old customs and mystical beliefs, Islam was simply mixed with their traditional religions. Divination, healing, and the casting of spells are all important parts of their religion. In fact, Maninka Islam approves and even encourages certain magical procedures-particularly those directed towards healing the sick, preventing misfortunes, and ensuring prosperity.

Sadly, fear plays a big role in the spiritual lives of the Konyanka Maninka people. It is not uncommon for someone to first pray in the village mosque, and then sacrifice a chicken to the spirit of the land on which his village rests. Practically every villager has at least one or two charms in his possession.


What Are Their Needs?

Although evangelistic tools such as the New Testament and the JESUS Film have been made available to the Maninka, the villagers are very reluctant to accept Christ. Prayer is the key to reaching these precious souls with the gospel of Jesus Christ.


Prayer Points

* Ask the Lord of the harvest to send more laborers to the Konyanka Maninka people of Liberia.
* Ask the Holy Spirit to grant wisdom and favor to mission agencies focusing on the Maninka.
* Pray for the effectiveness of the JESUS Film among the Konyanka Maninka.
* Pray that God will give the Maninka believers boldness to share Christ with their own people.
* Ask the Lord to bring forth a triumphant Maninka church for the glory of His name.


References

http://www.peoplegroups.org/explore/PeopleDetails.aspx?rop3=105207
https://joshuaproject.net/people_groups/13511/SL
https://www.livelingua.com/project/peace-corps/Maninka/
https://joshuaproject.net/people_groups/13511/GV
https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=SUPwby1baC4


Profile Source:   Keith Carey  

People Name General Maninka, Konyanka
People Name in Country Maninka, Konyanka
Population in Liberia 48,000
World Population 317,000
Total Countries 2
Indigenous No
Unreached Yes
Pioneer Workers Needed 1
Progress Scale 1
Alternate Names Wassalu, Wassoulounke'
People ID 12789
ROP3 Code 105207
Country Liberia
Region West and Central Africa
Continent Africa
10/40 Window No
National Bible Society Website
Persecution Rank Not ranked
Location in Country Lofa county: bordering Guinea.   Source:  Ethnologue 2016
Country Liberia
Region West and Central Africa
Continent Africa
10/40 Window No
National Bible Society Website
Persecution Rank Not ranked
Location in Country Lofa county: bordering Guinea..   Source:  Ethnologue 2016

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Ethnologue Language Map

Primary Language Maninka, Konyanka (48,000 speakers)
Language Code mku   Ethnologue Listing
Language Written Unknown
Total Languages 1
People Groups Speaking Maninka, Konyanka
Primary Language Maninka, Konyanka (48,000 speakers)
Language Code mku   Ethnologue Listing
Total Languages 1
People Groups Speaking Maninka, Konyanka

Primary Language:  Maninka, Konyanka

Bible Translation Status  (Years)
Bible-Portions No
Bible-New Testament No
Bible-Complete No
Resource Type Resource Name
Audio Recordings Audio Bible teaching (GRN)
Film / Video Jesus Film: view in Maninka, Konyanka
Primary Religion: Islam
Major Religion Percent *
Buddhism
0.00 %
Christianity  (Evangelical 0.01 %)
0.30 %
Ethnic Religions
16.70 %
Hinduism
0.00 %
Islam
83.00 %
Non-Religious
0.00 %
Other / Small
0.00 %
Unknown
0.00 %
Christian Segments Percent
Anglican
Unknown
Independent
Unknown
Orthodox
Unknown
Other Christian
Unknown
Protestant
Unknown
Roman Catholic
Unknown
Photo Source Copyrighted © 2017  Etnopedia  All rights reserved.  Used with permission
Profile Source Keith Carey  
Data Sources Data is compiled from various sources. Read more


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