Jotoni in Burkina Faso

Main Language
Largest Religion
Progress Gauge

Introduction / History

While a majority of the Samogho live in the country of Mali, a small group live in the southwestern part of Burkina Faso. The climate in this region of Africa is very hot and dry.

The Samogho live near one of Burkina Faso's four rivers. There, the vegetation is thicker and the heat is more bearable than in other areas. However, the tsetse fly (which carries sleeping sickness) and the simulium fly (which carries river blindness) live near the rivers. These insects make the river areas almost uninhabitable.

The scattered forests also provide a place for the Samogho to live. These forests are also homes to birds, monkeys, various insects and hippopotamuses. The Samogho speak a language called Dzungo, which belongs to the Mandingo branch of the Niger-Congo language family.

What Are Their Lives Like?

The Samogho are primarily farmers. Millet is their staple crop, and peanuts, peas, corn, cotton, peppers, and other vegetables are grown as supplementary crops. About three-quarters of the income of the Samogho is based on agriculture. The remainder comes from hunting and gathering. Families also raise goats, sheep, chickens, and bees for their milk, wool, meat, and honey.

Among the Samogho, the household is the basic economic unit. The villages are large and usually highly populated. Houses are rectangular with flat roofs, much like those of neighboring tribes. However, the Samogho villages have dome-shaped granaries that rise above the village walls. Each village may have at least 100 of these granaries. Every village has a headman who acts as the authority to family lineages, rather than as the authority to individual households.

Samogho society is patrilineal in structure. This means that the lines of descent are traced through the fathers. Private property is inherited by the eldest son, while household property is passed to the younger brother of the father. Married sons attach their households to the household of their father.

When a girl marries, the girl's family does not require a "bride-price," as families in other West African tribes do. Instead, the groom gives premarital gifts to the girl's family. The gifts are usually animals such as chickens or goats. Like many other tribes in West Africa, the men sometimes practice polygamy, or the marrying of several wives.

Burkina Faso is rich in ethnic diversity, and the country's folklore reflects this. During national occasions, each region--including the Samogho region--is represented by its own folklore group.

The Samogho are often at odds with the Mossi tribe, who are located to the east of the Samogho. Raids and retaliations occur often.

What Are Their Beliefs?

The great majority of the Samogho are Muslim; the others practice various ethnic religions. Those who are Muslim hold to the five essential "pillars" or duties of Islam, which include affirming that "there is no god but Allah and Mohammed is his prophet"; praying five times a day while facing Mecca; giving alms generously; fasting during Ramadan, the ninth month of the Muslim year; and making a pilgrimage to Mecca.

The Samogho believe that the "supreme god" is too distant to worship directly and that the only way to worship him is through a spirit. Consequently, they worship statues or other objects that are believed to house the spirits. The spirits, in return, will supposedly give the worship to the supreme god on their behalf.

What Are Their Needs?

Very few Samogho have given their lives to Christ. The strongholds of Islam and paganism over the Samogho can only be loosened by prayer.

Prayer Points

* Scripture Prayers for the Jotoni in Burkina Faso.

* Ask the Lord to send forth laborers into Burkina Faso who will share the love of Jesus with the Samogho.
* Ask the Holy Spirit to grant wisdom and favor to missions agencies presently focusing on the Samogho.
* Pray that God will give Samogho believers boldness to share Christ with their own people.
* Ask God to raise up prayer teams who will break up the spiritual soil of Burkina Faso through worship and intercession.
* Ask the Lord to bring forth many fellowships of believers for the glory of His name!

Profile Source:   Bethany World Prayer Center  

People Name General Jotoni
People Name in Country Jotoni
Population this Country 1,600
Population all Countries 21,000
Total Countries 2
Indigenous No
Progress Scale 1
Unreached Yes
Frontier People Group No
GSEC 1  (per
Pioneer Workers Needed 1
Alternate Names Jori; Jowulu; Samogho
People ID 12370
ROP3 Code 104305
Country Burkina Faso
Region Africa, West and Central
Continent Africa
10/40 Window Yes
National Bible Society Website
Persecution Rank 32  (Open Doors top 50 rank, 1 = highest persecution ranking)
Location in Country Cascades region, Leraba province,Tena and Noussoun villages near Mali boundary.   Source:  Ethnologue 2016
Country Burkina Faso
Region Africa, West and Central
Continent Africa
10/40 Window Yes
National Bible Society Website
Persecution Rank 32  (Open Doors top 50 rank, 1 = highest persecution ranking)
Location in Country Cascades region, Leraba province,Tena and Noussoun villages near Mali boundary..   Source:  Ethnologue 2016
Primary Language Jowulu (1,600 speakers)
Language Code jow   Ethnologue Listing
Language Written Yes   ScriptSource Listing
Total Languages 1
Primary Language Jowulu (1,600 speakers)
Language Code jow   Ethnologue Listing
Total Languages 1
People Groups Speaking Jowulu

Primary Language:  Jowulu

Bible Translation Status  (Years)
Bible-Portions Yes  (2004)
Bible-New Testament Yes  (2019)
Bible-Complete No
Bible-NT Audio Online
Possible Print Bibles
World Bibles
Forum Bible Agencies
National Bible Societies
World Bible Finder
Virtual Storehouse
Resource Type Resource Name
Audio Recordings Audio Bible teaching (GRN)
Audio Recordings Online New Testament (FCBH)
Primary Religion: Ethnic Religions
Major Religion Percent
0.00 %
Christianity  (Evangelical 1.60 %)
3.00 %
Ethnic Religions
96.00 %
0.00 %
1.00 %
0.00 %
Other / Small
0.00 %
0.00 %
Christian Segments Percent
0.0 %
0.0 %
0.0 %
Other Christian
0.0 %
60.0 %
Roman Catholic
40.0 %
Photo Source Wild West Africa Connection 
Map Source Bethany World Prayer Center  
Profile Source Bethany World Prayer Center  
Data Sources Data is compiled from various sources. Read more


Welcome. I’m a virtual assistant and will try to answer questions about Joshua Project, unreached people groups, the Great Commission and more. How can I help you?

For further help try our FAQ, Definitions or Contact Us pages.