Hawawir in Sudan

The Hawawir have only been reported in Sudan
Main Language
Largest Religion
Progress Gauge

Introduction / History

The Dar Hamid are a confederation of about nineteen tribes and some smaller sub-groups that share a common culture and are led by a single chief. Although the tribes have different origins, most of their ancestors came from Arabia. One of these 19 subgroups is the Hawawir.
The Dar Hamid dar (territory) is located in northern Sudan. Like other nomadic Arab tribes, the Dar Hamid wander the desert with their herds, searching for vegetation that grows after the rare desert thunderstorms. They have a complex system of migration in which different parts of the family move to different places during certain times of the year.
The Hawawir raise all types of livestock which are traded for grain and other essentials such as salt, tea, sugar, cloth, dates, seasoning, and metal goods. Camels are the most important of their animals. They provide milk, a main diet staple for these nomads, occasional meat, material for tents, and transportation across the desert.

What Are Their Lives Like?

Because the Hawawir are a nomadic people, they live in camps they call dikkas. Their homes are tents made with camel hair roofs and cotton sides. Many of the tents are decorated inside with leather and wool ornaments. The basic item of furniture is a double bed made of palm ribs bound with strips of leather. The bed rests on pegs a foot above the ground. The Hawawir lifestyle dictates that even the tent's decorative ornaments have a practical value. While the Hawawir men move across the desert with their camel herds, the women and children stay in the dikka. The women tend the gardens and the small boys work in the fields, herding house camels and preventing goats and sheep from entering the cultivated land.
Hawawir children are sent to herd animals almost as soon as they can walk. They have been described as shy and reserved, even with each other.
Because life in the desert is very dangerous, all Hawawir men wear sheathed daggers on their left arms. Most carry swords and all carry either shotguns or rifles. They must sleep lightly at night to protect themselves from bandits.
Their main diet consists of tea mixed with camel's milk. If one of them has the good fortune of killing an animal in the desert, they will also have meat. Each man carries a canvas sheet that has many purposes. The canvas can be used as a ground sheet, a tent, a trough for watering animals, or a sling for carrying heavy items such as loads of hay.
In today's world, pasture lands in Sudan don't have enough water to sustain a large number of animals. Diminishing rainfall has destroyed the pastures. This situation is causing conflicts between settled farmers and nomadic herders like the Hawawir. Many of the herdsmen have lost their livestock and have been forced to move from their homes into towns and cities.

What Are Their Beliefs?

Traditionally, the Hawawir are Sunni Muslims. However, most are not religious and know very little about the Islamic religion. One of the five "pillars" of Islam is that a Muslim must pray five times a day. Water is scarce, so the cleansing rituals are either cut short or ignored completely, and they use sand in place of water. Since very few Hawawir are able to read or write, many consider the written word a source of magical power. Fakirs (holy men) make charms and sell them to the Hawawir for cash or livestock.

What Are Their Needs?

Clear identification of the various groups in Sudan is difficult since their cultures and lifestyles often overlap. However, most remain proud of their tribal and ethnic identities. Compassionate missionaries who are willing to embrace the Hawawir culture and endure the harsh, nomadic lifestyle are desperately needed. They will probably need to learn how to read as well.

Prayer Points

Pray for the Lord to provide for the physical and spiritual needs of the Hawawir people in Sudan.
Pray for workers, filled with the love of the Holy Spirit, to go to the Hawawir people.
Pray for the Hawawir people to crave pure spiritual milk and find it in the Word of God.
Pray for a Holy Spirit directed movement to Christ among the Hawawir people.

Scripture Prayers for the Hawawir in Sudan.

Profile Source:   Joshua Project  

Additional Info
Global Prayer Digest: 2008-01-16
Global Prayer Digest: 2015-01-27
People Name General Hawawir
People Name in Country Hawawir
Population this Country 271,000
Population all Countries 271,000
Total Countries 1
Indigenous Yes
Progress Scale 1
Unreached Yes
Frontier People Group Yes
Pioneer Workers Needed 5
Alternate Names
People ID 12074
ROP3 Code 103740
Country Sudan
Region Africa, East and Southern
Continent Africa
10/40 Window Yes
National Bible Society Website
Persecution Rank 13  (Open Doors top 50 rank, 1 = highest persecution ranking)
Location in Country Primarily north   Source:  Ethnologue 2010
Country Sudan
Region Africa, East and Southern
Continent Africa
10/40 Window Yes
National Bible Society Website
Persecution Rank 13  (Open Doors top 50 rank, 1 = highest persecution ranking)
Location in Country Primarily north.   Source:  Ethnologue 2010
Primary Language Arabic, Sudanese Spoken (271,000 speakers)
Language Code apd   Ethnologue Listing
Language Written Yes   ScriptSource Listing
Total Languages 1
Primary Language Arabic, Sudanese Spoken (271,000 speakers)
Language Code apd   Ethnologue Listing
Total Languages 1
People Groups Speaking Arabic, Sudanese Spoken

Primary Language:  Arabic, Sudanese Spoken

Bible Translation Status  (Years)
Bible-Portions Yes  (1927-1964)
Bible-New Testament Yes  (1978-2005)
Bible-Complete No
Bible-NT Audio Online
Possible Print Bibles
World Bibles
Forum Bible Agencies
National Bible Societies
World Bible Finder
Virtual Storehouse
Resource Type Resource Name
Audio Recordings Arabic Bible Online
Audio Recordings Audio Bible teaching
Audio Recordings Online New Testament
Film / Video Indigitube.tv Video / Animation
Film / Video Jesus Film: view in Arabic, Sudanese Spoken
Film / Video LUMO film of Gospels
Film / Video Story of Jesus for Children
Film / Video The Prophets' Story
General Gospel resources links
Mobile App Download audio Bible app as APK file
Mobile App Download audio Bible app from Google Play Store
Text / Printed Matter Tools for faith conversations
Primary Religion: Islam
Major Religion Percent
0.00 %
Christianity  (Evangelical 0.00 %)
0.00 %
Ethnic Religions
5.00 %
0.00 %
95.00 %
0.00 %
Other / Small
0.00 %
0.00 %
Christian Segments Percent
Other Christian
Roman Catholic
Map Source Bethany World Prayer Center  
Profile Source Joshua Project  
Data Sources Data is compiled from various sources. Read more