Haitian in Haiti

Main Language
Largest Religion
Progress Gauge

Introduction / History

Haitians are almost descended entirely from African slaves, who were brought to Haiti by European colonizers. Their job was to harvest sugar, coffee, and timber. Then, in the 1790s, former slaves Toussaint L 'Ouverture and Jean-Jacques Dessalines rebelled against France. They won their independence from France in 1804, being a symbol of ambition and racial equality (Labrador 2018). However, since its independence, centuries of economic, political, and social difficulties have put Haitians in severe poverty. A century of paying reparations to France (amounting to $22 billion in today's money) prevented Haiti from developing its infrastructure and society. It is now the poorest country in the Western Hemisphere, with 80% of Haitians in poverty and 60% unemployed, and the number may continue to rise over the decade.

Where Are they Located?

Within their home country, plains have the most dense population and agricultural production. About 40% of Haitians live in the country, but due to lower prices in food imports, an increasing number are moving to urban areas. Many are even emigrating, sometimes illegally, to other countries like the U.S. and Dominican Republic.

What Are Their Lives Like?

The two main languages are French and Haitian Creole. Haitian Creole is used more in day to day life and French is used in more formal situations. Agriculture dominates Haiti's economy. Their subsistence crops include cassava, plantains, corn, sweet potatoes, and rice. Arabica coffee is the main cash crop, and sugar cane is the second. Outside of farming, casual jobs and self-employment are more common than steady wage jobs. Transportation in rural areas is accomplished mostly by bicycle, public bus (or tap-tap, as they call it), and donkey (MacLeod et al. 2020). Through intensive colonial exploitation and then unplanned developmemt, many of Haiti's natural resources are gone. Cost for food is so high in the country that families are creating pies from mud. They have almost total reliance on food imports (Carroll 2008). They have a tough time, but they still maintain strong and sincere faith in God.

What Are Their Beliefs?

Some Haitians practice voodoo. Others are Christians "by name" who really believe that tradition is the way to salvation. More than half of the population identifies themselves as Roman Catholic, with 1/4 being Protestant. Older Protestant denominations like Methodists, Episocopalians, and Presbyterians were established in the 1800s, while Baptists, Mormons, and Seventh-day Adventists came during and after the period (1915-1934) when the U.S. occupied the country. Western culture has been an influence on the country, causing some Haitians to abandon the faith as well.

Prayer Points

* Scripture Prayers for the Haitian in Haiti.


https://www.cfr.org/backgrounder/haitis-troubled-path-development https://www.britannica.com/place/Haiti/Government-and-society https://www.google.com/amp/s/amp.theguardian.com/world/2008/jul/29/food.internationalaidanddevelopment

Profile Source:   Anonymous  

People Name General Haitian
People Name in Country Haitian
Population this Country 11,320,000
Population all Countries 13,165,000
Total Countries 14
Indigenous Yes
Progress Scale 5
Unreached No
Frontier People Group No
GSEC 5  (per PeopleGroups.org)
Pioneer Workers Needed
Alternate Names Haitian Black; Haitian Mulatto
People ID 12035
ROP3 Code 103642
Country Haiti
Region America, North and Caribbean
Continent North America
10/40 Window No
National Bible Society Website
Persecution Rank Not ranked
Location in Country Widespread   Source:  Ethnologue 2010
Country Haiti
Region America, North and Caribbean
Continent North America
10/40 Window No
National Bible Society Website
Persecution Rank Not ranked
Location in Country Widespread.   Source:  Ethnologue 2010

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Primary Language Haitian Creole
Language Code hat   Ethnologue Listing
Language Written Yes   ScriptSource Listing
Total Languages 1
Primary Language Haitian Creole
Language Code hat   Ethnologue Listing
Total Languages 1
People Groups Speaking Haitian Creole

Primary Language:  Haitian Creole

Bible Translation Status  (Years)
Bible-Portions Yes  (1927-1996)
Bible-New Testament Yes  (1951-1999)
Bible-Complete Yes  (1985-2003)
Bible-NT Audio Online
Bible-NT Text Online
Possible Print Bibles
World Bibles
Forum Bible Agencies
National Bible Societies
World Bible Finder
Virtual Storehouse
Resource Type Resource Name
Audio Recordings Audio Bible teaching (GRN)
Audio Recordings Online New Testament (FCBH)
Audio Recordings Online Scripture (Talking Bibles)
Audio Recordings Story of Jesus audio (Jesus Film Project)
Audio Recordings StoryRunners Oral Bible Stories
Film / Video God's Story Video
Film / Video Jesus Film: view in Haitian Creole
Film / Video LUMO film of Gospels
Film / Video Magdalena (Jesus Film Project)
Film / Video My Last Day (Jesus Film Project Anime)
Film / Video Story of Jesus for Children (JF Project)
Film / Video The Hope Video
General Four Spiritual Laws
General Got Questions Ministry
Mobile App Download audio Bible app as APK file from FCBH
Text / Printed Matter Bible Gateway Scripture
Text / Printed Matter Bible: Haitian Creole
Text / Printed Matter OneHope resources for children and youth
Text / Printed Matter Online Bible text (Scripture Earth)
Text / Printed Matter World Missionary Press Booklets
Primary Religion: Christianity
Religion Subdivision: Roman Catholic
Major Religion Percent
0.00 %
Christianity  (Evangelical 17.74 %)
94.90 %
Ethnic Religions
3.00 %
0.00 %
0.00 %
2.00 %
Other / Small
0.10 %
0.00 %
Christian Segments Percent
1.0 %
4.0 %
0.0 %
Other Christian
6.0 %
16.0 %
Roman Catholic
73.0 %
Photo Source Masters View / Howard Erickson 
Profile Source Anonymous  
Data Sources Data is compiled from various sources. Read more


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