Fulbe in Sierra Leone


Population
Main Language
Largest Religion
Christian
Evangelical
Progress
Progress Gauge

Introduction / History

Along the plateaus of Fouta Djallon, there are grassy plains and fields of millet. Fulani herders settled in this region over 200 years ago and have since spread throughout western Africa. The Fulbe are a sub-group of this vast Fulani people group. They are semi-nomadic and raise crops as well as livestock. The high plateaus serve as part-time pastures for their herds.

The Fulbe are a large people group located in the western African nations of Guinea, Sierra Leone, Mali, and Senegal. A small population resides in Guinea Bissau.


What Are Their Lives Like?

The livelihood of the Fulbe is primarily based on farming and shepherding. Gathering forest produce, hunting, fishing, and trading are also part of their daily lives. Staple crops include millet, rice, and peanuts. Cattle herds, along with sheep and goats, are the primary livestock. The cattle are not the usual Fulani "humped" breed, but a native Fouta Djallon breed that is resistant to the disease-carrying tsetse fly.

Herding cattle is usually a male activity; however, the women milk and take care of the cattle. Women also care for the poultry and small livestock, as well as cultivate the gardens. Women often carry containers of milk and cheese to sell or trade in local markets.

Daughters remain with their mothers until they marry. However, as soon as a son reaches puberty, he leaves the family compound and lives alone in a nearby compound, usually with some cattle. This new compound becomes the home of the son and his future wife.

The first marriage of a man is usually arranged by the man's father. The man performs a bride-service of helping the girl's father with his livestock. Men usually marry in their early twenties. Polygyny (the practice of having more than one wife) is practiced, up to the Muslim limit of four wives. There is one chief wife, however, who has authority over the other wives.

Children belong to "age-sets" until they marry. An age-set is grouped at three or four year intervals, with every child born in those years belonging to that set. The children in an age-set go to school together and may participate in community labor or may help someone in their set with bride-service. Each age-set has a leader, a deputy, and a judge.

Although Fulbe villages are scattered, each village has a central court and a mosque. Houses belonging to the settled Fulbe are typically round with mud walls and thatched roofs. Each hut has an encircling verandah. The nomadic Fulbe live in open, beehive-shaped huts without walls or verandahs. Each hut is surrounded by a cattle corral. Each village has a headman who handles village affairs and answers to a paramount chief.

Although Fulbe villages are scattered, each village has a central court and a mosque.


What Are Their Beliefs?

The Fulbe are almost completely Muslim, though they add pre-Islamic spirit worship to their Islamic beliefs. They believe that Allah is the only God and that Mohammed is his prophet. Some villages have Islamic schools for the children.

The Fulbe are expected to follow a code of high moral behavior known as Pulaaku. Pulaaku extols virtues such as kindness, bravery, patience, tolerance, perseverance, honesty, diligence, generosity, and dignity. To be reserved is part of being dignified; thus, they are shy and modest in public. A mother does not show affection to her infant son. In fact, she never even calls her firstborn by his name all throughout his life.


What Are Their Needs?

Efforts to evangelize these people have had meager results. Fulbe are very devoted to their Islamic religion and see it as a fulfillment of their needs. To win these people to Christ, there will need to be faithful intercessors who will not stop until the Fulbe are making their own disciples.


Prayer Points

Ask the Lord of the harvest to send dedicated full-time missionaries to share the gospel with the Fulbe of Sierra Leone.

Pray for effectiveness of the JESUS Film among the Fulbe throughout Africa.

Pray that God will give the small number of Fulbe believers boldness to start a movement to Christ within their community.

Ask God to raise up prayer teams who will begin breaking up the soil through worship and intercession.

Ask the Lord to bring forth a strong and growing church among the Fulbe for the glory of his name.


Scripture Prayers for the Fulbe in Sierra Leone.


Profile Source:   Joshua Project  

Additional Info
Link Up Africa
People Name General Fulbe
People Name in Country Fulbe
Pronunciation FOOL-bay
Population this Country 305,000
Population all Countries 5,269,000
Total Countries 9
Indigenous No
Progress Scale 1
Unreached Yes
Frontier People Group Yes
GSEC 1  (per PeopleGroups.org)
Pioneer Workers Needed 6
Alternate Names Fulbe Futa Jalon; Futa Dyalon; Futa Fula; Futa Jallon; Futa Jalon Fulani; Fuuta Jalon; Kebu Fula; Peul
People ID 11769
ROP3 Code 103072
Country Sierra Leone
Region Africa, West and Central
Continent Africa
10/40 Window No
National Bible Society Website
Persecution Rank Not ranked
Location in Country Widespread but especially north.   Source:  Ethnologue 2016
Country Sierra Leone
Region Africa, West and Central
Continent Africa
10/40 Window No
National Bible Society Website
Persecution Rank Not ranked
Location in Country Widespread but especially north..   Source:  Ethnologue 2016
Primary Language Pular
Language Code fuf   Ethnologue Listing
Language Written Yes   ScriptSource Listing
Total Languages 1
Primary Language Pular
Language Code fuf   Ethnologue Listing
Total Languages 1
People Groups Speaking Pular

Primary Language:  Pular

Bible Translation Status  (Years)
Bible-Portions Yes  (1929-2011)
Bible-New Testament Yes  (2011)
Bible-Complete No
Bible-NT Audio Online
Bible-NT Text Online
Possible Print Bibles
Amazon
World Bibles
Forum Bible Agencies
National Bible Societies
World Bible Finder
Virtual Storehouse
Resource Type Resource Name Source
Audio Recordings Audio Bible teaching Global Recordings Network
Audio Recordings Online New Testament Faith Comes by Hearing
Audio Recordings Story of Jesus audio Jesus Film Project
Film / Video Jesus Film: view in Pular Jesus Film Project
Film / Video LUMO film of Gospels Bible Media Group/LUMO
Film / Video The Prophets' Story Create International
General Bible for Children Bible for Children
General Gospel resources links Scripture Earth
Mobile App Download audio Bible app as APK file Faith Comes by Hearing
Mobile App Download audio Bible app from Google Play Store Faith Comes by Hearing
Text / Printed Matter Bible: Pular YouVersion Bibles
Text / Printed Matter Download scripture in this language eBible.org
Primary Religion: Islam
Major Religion Percent
Buddhism
0.00 %
Christianity  (Evangelical 0.00 %)
0.00 %
Ethnic Religions
5.00 %
Hinduism
0.00 %
Islam
94.00 %
Non-Religious
1.00 %
Other / Small
0.00 %
Unknown
0.00 %
Christian Segments Percent
Anglican
Unknown
Independent
Unknown
Orthodox
Unknown
Other Christian
Unknown
Protestant
Unknown
Roman Catholic
Unknown
Photo Source Link Up Africa 
Map Source Bethany World Prayer Center  
Profile Source Joshua Project  
Data Sources Data is compiled from various sources. Read more