Introduction / History
Romani or Domari, are made up of two groups: the Ghorbati and the Nawari. Both groups speak a dialect of the language called Romany, which is related to the North Indo-Aryan language of India. Their dialect, Domari, contains many Arabic words. Domari Romani in Kazakhstan speak primarily Russian. Romani call themselves Rom, which in their language means "men." Rom is derived from the Indian word Dom, meaning "a man of low caste who gains his livelihood by singing and dancing." The Ghorbati are named from the Arabic word, gurbet, which means "stranger." In the Arab world, Romani are called Nauar, hence the Nawari Romani. Romani originated in India where they worked as musicians, entertainers and metal workers. There they were discriminated against and excluded from the temples. Later, they were sent to Persia as minstrels. From there they were separated into two groups. One traveled northward and became the Romany-speaking European Romani. The other traveled southward and became known as the Domari, or Middle Eastern Romani.
What Are Their Lives Like?
Dark skin and dark eyes are typical of most Romani. Their almost "mystical" lifestyle has made them the objects of curiosity, distrust, and even fear, from their beginnings until now. However, they are a proud and dignified people often not deserving a negative reputation. The Romani live scattered throughout much of the world. Most of them are nomads, wandering from region to region, and they depend on a variety of entrepreneurial skills for their livelihood. It is common for Romani to have two or more specialized occupations. This makes it easier for them to adapt to a changing society's needs. When a region's people no longer need a Romani's particular skill, they move on to one that will. Romani have long been known for their abilities as musicians, singers and dancers. They also hold a wide variety of other occupations. The men are skilled makers of sieves, drums, bird cages, and reed mats. They also entertain with animals, work as tinkers, or play music. The women sometimes sell such things as cloth, shoes, kitchen utensils, or other products made by Romani men. Many also sing and dance. Both men and women shear sheep, spin wool, and tell fortunes. Sadly, some of the women and children are forced to beg for food as a means of survival. Today, there are some Romani villages and communities in the Middle East. Some also live in the cities and have become an integral part of urban life. Other Romani are nomadic and either travel in caravans of wagons or carts, or they ride on camels, donkeys, or horses. The settled Romani usually live in houses that are typical to those of the region in which they settle. Romani marriages usually take place between couples in their teens. The Romani family unit is highly valued, and each member is depended on for his financial contribution. Values such as justice, fidelity, and morality are significant in Romani society. Such things as courtesy and friendliness are also important. The control of deviants is strictly enforced. If a Romani becomes impure by some immoral or unlawful act, he is considered an outcast. Also, sexual purity is considered a must for young women. In fact, it must be proven before marriage that the girl has never been with a man. This strict social code is related to their old Hindu caste system which they have kept since their origin.
What Are Their Beliefs?
Domari Romani in Kazakhstan are Muslim, and they follow the practices and beliefs of the Islamic faith. They depend upon good works to pay the penalty for their sins. They depend upon the spirit world for their daily needs because they regard Allah as too distant. They believe that Allah may determine their eternal salvation, but the spirits determine how well they live in their daily lives. Consequently, they must appease the spirits. They often use charms and amulets to help them with spiritual forces. The traditional beliefs of the Romani involve ghosts, lizards, and snakes, all of which are capable of harming humans. They believe that men have the power to curse others by giving them the "evil eye." There are a growing number of Christian Romani.
What Are Their Needs?
Their quality of health care, nutrition, housing, and education is poor. Adequate educational opportunities must be provided to raise their standard of living. Spiritually, the Islamic religion is difficult to influence. Their nomadic lifestyle has also made it difficult for missionaries to reach them. Most Romani have no Christian resources available to them although the printed and audio Bible and JESUS Film exist in Russian. Christian broadcasts and Scriptures must be made available if they are to hear the gospel and live lives pleasing to God. Christian workers are needed to show them the way of the cross.
Pray that Lord Jesus would lead a mission agency to reach out to Domari Romani in Kazakhstan to help them with their physical and spiritual needs. Ask Almighty God to raise up faithful workers to reach out to these unreached people with the message of salvation. Pray for Christian people to provide them with a new market for their goods.
Scripture Prayers for the Romani, Domari in Kazakhstan.