The Burakumin descendended as part of the outcasts from Japan's feudal system. The name Burakumin means "hamlet people." During Japan's feudal days the Burakumin were placed into two groups; the eta "defiled ones/filthy commoners" or the hinin "non-humans." The eta held jobs which revolved around death. Shinto/Buddhist religions identify death with defilement; therefore, the Burakumin were identified as defiled. The second hinin group included ex-convicts, prostitutes, beggers, and low-level entertainers. The group was identifited as the lowest of the low in society.
In the early 18th century the Burakumin were given several social rules about what they could wear, where they could go, and how long they could be out. In 1871 the "Emancipation Act" was passed that abolished the feudal system, but no laws were passed to end the discrimination against the Burakumin. In the 1900's several groups formed to fight for Burakumin rights.
Today many Burakumin have assimilated into Japanese culture; however, there are still around 4,000- 6,000 Burakumin communities (depending on which source you use). The total population in these communities is around 1-3 million people. The settlements are located in mainly rural areas. The Burakumin face some discrimination in marriage and employment. The discrimination is mostly seen in the western areas of Japan.
The Burakumin trained their own Buddhist and Shinto priest and also produced unauthorized practitioners of both religions and other folk religions. The Burakumin used diviners and ceremonial performers. Early Christian missionaries were drawn to the Burakumin because of their evident needs and persecution. During this time some became followers of Christ.
* Pray that the Burakumin would find their identity in Christ.
* Pray for a church planting movement among the Burakumin communities.
* Pray for Japanese hearts to chang so that discrimination toward the Burakumin would be eliminated.
|Profile Source: Rachel Routt|
|Global Prayer Digest: 2006-08-10|
|Global Prayer Digest: 2014-04-02|
|Persecution Rank||Not ranked|
|Location in Country||Widespread Source: Ethnologue 2010|
|Primary Language||Japanese (888,000 speakers)|
|Language Code||jpn Ethnologue Listing|
|Written||Yes ScriptSource Listing|
|People Groups||Speaking Japanese|
Primary Language: Japanese
|Bible Translation ▲||Status (Years)|
|Bible Portions||Yes (1837-1992)|
|New Testament||Yes (1879-1993)|
|Complete Bible||Yes (1883-1987)|
|Possible Print Bibles|
|Forum of Bible Agencies|
|World Bible Finder|
|Resource Type ▲||Resource Name|
|Audio Recordings||Audio Bible teaching (GRN)|
|Audio Recordings||Christ for the Nations|
|Audio Recordings||Online New Testament (FCBH)|
|Audio Recordings||Story of Jesus audio (Jesus Film Project)|
|Film / Video||Fathers Love Letter|
|Film / Video||God's Story Video|
|Film / Video||Jesus Film: view in Japanese|
|Film / Video||Magdalena (Jesus Film Project)|
|Film / Video||My Last Day (Jesus Film Project Anime)|
|Film / Video||Story of Jesus for Children (JF Project)|
|Film / Video||The Hope Video: View in Japanese|
|General||Four Spiritual Laws|
|General||Got Questions Ministry|
|Text / Printed Matter||Bible Gateway Scripture|
|Text / Printed Matter||Bible-in-Your-Language|
|Text / Printed Matter||Bible: Biblica Japanese|
|Text / Printed Matter||Bible: Colloquial Japanese (1955)|
|Text / Printed Matter||Cartoon Gospel tract|
|Text / Printed Matter||EasyBibles|
|Major Religion ▲||Percent|
|Christianity (Evangelical 0.20 %)||
|Other / Small||
|Christian Segments ▲||Percent|