Batahin in Sudan

The Batahin have only been reported in Sudan
Main Language
Largest Religion
Progress Gauge

Introduction / History

The numerous Baggara tribes of northern Sudan, including the Batahin, share many cultural characteristics and claim a common ancestry. All of them speak an Arabic dialect known as Baggari that can be understood by both Arabic and Sudanese Arabic speakers. Their name comes from the Arabic word bagar, which means "cow," and refers to the various Arab tribes in Sudan (and surrounding nations), who herd cattle. These Baggara tribes live in the plains of Sudan's Darfur, North Kordofan, and South Kordofan provinces. The region is well suited for grazing cattle and varies from sparse scrub lands in the northern areas to arid and semi-arid wilderness lands to wooded fields. It only rains during the wet season, primarily from June to September. The Baggara have traced their origin back several centuries to the days before Mohammed. They claim to be connected to the Juhayna of the Hejaz (region of northwestern Saudi Arabia). Over the centuries, they have become widely scattered across the plains of north central Africa. Different people groups tend to be concentrated in certain regions, but there are no purely Baggara areas.

What Are Their Lives Like?

Most of the Batahin Baggara are herdsmen. Their herds are comprised primarily of cattle, although they do raise a few sheep and goats. They keep camels for riding and as pack animals. The nomadic Baggara live in camp units called furgan. Members of the furgan generally belong to one or more family line. The Baggara live in simple, dome-shaped tents, which are portable structures that can be easily packed and moved with the herds. The tents are built by placing saplings into holes in the ground, then bending them over and tying them at the top. They tie smaller branches into the frame, then cover them with thatch or canvas mats. The tents are arranged in a circle, and they bring their cattle there for protection during the night. Although most Baggara tribes are nomadic, there are some that live in farming communities or towns. Their houses are built of mud bricks and have thatched roofs. The Batahin Baggara people share grazing land, but they own farmland individually. The Baggara are somewhat unusual in that the women work to provide the income needed to maintain the households. They earn cash by milking the cows and selling the milk or milk products. Their earnings are either kept or spent on household items. A married woman owns the tent as well as all of its housekeeping contents. The men are primarily involved with caring for the herds. They also plant and harvest the crops. Baggara marriages are often polygamous. If a man has two wives, one may live in a pastoral camp while the other lives in a farming village. They prefer cross cousin marriages. The future husband and his near relatives must provide a bride price for her family. Her family uses part of this money to purchase household items and another part of it to buy food for the marriage celebration that takes place in the bride's camp. After the wedding, the newlyweds live near the bride's parents. Later, they move to a place chosen by the husband. On this occasion, the groom's family provides another feast. Batahin Baggara society is patrilineal, which means that the line of descent is traced through the males. Traditionally each camp is headed by a male leader called shaykh. Although this position is generally inherited, all of the adult male members of a camp must agree on the man who is to fill the position. The shaykh does not rule the camp, but rather acts as the spokesperson for the decision-making males of the camp. However, he may also have a considerable amount of influence, depending on his wisdom and economic status.

What Are Their Beliefs?

The Batahin Baggara tribe is almost completely Muslim. Many of the men and some of the women are able to make pilgrimages to Mecca. The Batahin Baggara hold various religious celebrations and also place importance on many life stage transitions.

What Are Their Needs?

The nomadic Batahin and other Baggara seem to have been blessed with adequate means for material livelihood, but this might mask deeper spiritual needs. There has been very little evangelization among the Baggara tribes. The people are so devoted to the Islamic faith that very few have decided to follow Jesus. In addition, the nomadic lifestyle of most of them makes it very difficult for missionaries to reach them. There is a great need for qualified laborers to live and work among these Muslims.

Prayer Points

Pray that God will raise up long term workers to reach out to the Baggara tribes. Ask God to encourage and protect the small number of Baggara Muslims who have become Christian believers and use them to turn others to the only Savior. Pray that the Christ followers living in northern Sudan will be stirred with vision for outreach and a genuine burden to reach out to the Baggara tribes.

Scripture Prayers for the Batahin in Sudan.

Profile Source:   Joshua Project  

People Name General Batahin
People Name in Country Batahin
Pronunciation bah-tah-HEEN
Alternate Names
Population this Country 307,000
Population all Countries 307,000
Total Countries 1
Indigenous Yes
Progress Scale 1
Unreached Yes
Frontier People Group Yes
GSEC 1  (per
Pioneer Workers Needed 6
People ID 10716
ROP3 Code 101121
Country Sudan
Region Africa, East and Southern
Continent Africa
10/40 Window Yes
National Bible Society Website
Persecution Rank 10  (Open Doors top 50 rank, 1 = highest persecution ranking)
Location in Country Primarily north   Source:  Ethnologue 2010
Country Sudan
Region Africa, East and Southern
Continent Africa
10/40 Window Yes
National Bible Society Website
Persecution Rank 10  (Open Doors top 50 rank, 1 = highest persecution ranking)
Location in Country Primarily north.   Source:  Ethnologue 2010
Map of Batahin in Sudan
Primary Religion: Islam
Major Religion Percent
0.00 %
Christianity  (Evangelical 0.00 %)
0.05 %
Ethnic Religions
5.00 %
0.00 %
94.95 %
0.00 %
Other / Small
0.00 %
0.00 %
Primary Language Arabic, Sudanese Spoken (307,000 speakers)
Language Code apd   Ethnologue Listing
Language Written Yes   ScriptSource Listing
Total Languages 1
Primary Language Arabic, Sudanese Spoken (307,000 speakers)
Language Code apd   Ethnologue Listing
Total Languages 1
People Groups Speaking Arabic, Sudanese Spoken
Photo Source Noory Taha - Wikimedia  Creative Commons 
Map Source People Group location: IMB. Map geography: ESRI / GMI. Map design: Joshua Project.  
Profile Source Joshua Project 
Data Sources Data is compiled from various sources. Learn more.