Malinke, Ivorian in Côte d'Ivoire

Joshua Project has identified the Malinke, Ivorian only in Côte d'Ivoire
Population
1,495,000
Christian
Evangelical
Largest Religion
Main Language
Progress
Progress Gauge

Introduction / History

Côte d'Ivoire is home to about 100 distinct ethnic groups, with the Ivorian Malinke representing approximately 6% of the population. They are closely related to a number of other groups in the area, and their language belongs to the Mande sub-group. About 11 million Africans speak a Manding language; about two-thirds use it as their main language. Manding oral literature is some of the best in the world, but few Malinke are literate.

Most Manding speakers can trace their roots back to the once great Mali Empire. This empire was created by several Mandinka clans in the second millennium. It grew in power in the thirteenth century under the rule of Sundiata, the "lion king," who unified the kingdom and began to conquer surrounding peoples. In the fifteenth century, Portuguese explorers reached the coast and began trading in slaves and ivory. Ancestors of most of the present population of Cote d'Ivoire probably moved into the area from the northeast and east in the 1700's and 1800's.


What Are Their Lives Like?

The Malinke are mainly full-time subsistence farmers. Rice is an important staple crop, along with millet, sorghum, and peanuts. When they have time, the men are also involved in other activities. Some have small part-time businesses to supplement their incomes. They may keep goats, sheep, bees, poultry, and dogs. In addition, they keep cattle for prestige, as bride-price payments, or as sacrifices.

Men usually do the heavy farm work, while the women do both domestic and farm chores. Women have the jobs of cooking, cleaning, tending to the young children, and gathering forest products. Men are usually responsible for hunting, fishing, and holding leadership positions, such as headmen or imans (religious leaders).

The Malinke are a patrilineal society, with the oldest male as the leader of the lineage. A "minor lineage" consists of a man and his immediate family. A "major lineage" is made up of the houses of brothers and their families. The next larger unit is the village settlement, which contains the houses of men of the same clan name. The men of one village attend ritual meetings together.

Malinke marriages were commonly arranged when the girl was still an infant. Today, marriages are still arranged, but not so early. The groom must give premarital and post-marital bride-service to the bride's family in addition to paying a bride-price. There is unlimited polygamy (having multiple wives) among the Malinke, but men rarely have more than three wives.

There are three divisions within Malinke society: those who are free-born, the artisans, and the slaves. The free-born class originally consisted of Malinke nobility. Today, it consists of farmers, merchants, Muslim clerics, and others. The artisan class includes blacksmiths, leather workers, and griots (praise singers). Artisans are revered for their expertise and craft secrets, which involve spiritual rituals; therefore, they are looked upon with fear and awe. Griots are important members of society because they are responsible for passing down the oral traditions and cultural heritage of the Malinke.


What Are Their Beliefs?

When foreign merchants came to Africa, they brought Islam with them. The religion blended with the Malinke's native religious practices and today, this blending of religions is still evident. It is not uncommon for a Malinke to first pray in the village mosque and then sacrifice a chicken to the spirits. Healing, magic, and divination are important parts of Malinke Islam. Many people consult marabouts (holy men) for healing, protective charms, or insight into the future. Marabouts can also be consulted to put a curse on an enemy. Educated Malinke may conceal their belief in magic, but there are very few who do not possess a charm or amulet of some sort.


What Are Their Needs?

There is religious freedom in Côte d'Ivoire and the government is sympathetic to missions activity. The New Testament, Christian broadcasts, and the Jesus film are all available to the Ivorian Malinke, but there are no known believers among them. Prayer is the first step towards seeing them reached with the Gospel.


Prayer Points

* Ask the Lord of the harvest to send additional laborers to join the few who are already working among the Ivorian Malinke.
* Ask the Holy Spirit to grant wisdom and favor to the missions agencies that are targeting the Ivorian Malinke.
* Pray for effectiveness of the Jesus film among the Ivorian Malinke.
* Ask God to anoint the Gospel as it goes forth via radio in their area.
* Ask God to raise up prayer teams who will begin breaking up the soil through worship and intercession.
* Pray that strong local churches will be raised up among the Ivorian Malinke.


Profile Source:   Bethany World Prayer Center  

Prayer Links:
Global Prayer Digest: 2012-02-03
People Name General Malinke, Ivorian
People Name in Country Malinke, Ivorian
Population in Côte d'Ivoire 1,495,000
World Population 1,495,000
Total Countries 1
Indigenous Yes
Least-Reached Yes
Progress Scale 1
Alternate Names
People ID 20052
ROP3 Code 115548
Country Côte d'Ivoire
Region West and Central Africa
Continent Africa
10/40 Window No
Persecution Rank Not ranked
Location in Country Savanes and Zanzan districts; widespread in all major cities.   Source:  Ethnologue 2016
Country Côte d'Ivoire
Region West and Central Africa
Continent Africa
10/40 Window No
Persecution Rank Not ranked
Location in Country Savanes and Zanzan districts; widespread in all major cities..   Source:  Ethnologue 2016

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Ethnologue Language Map
Ethnolinguistic map or other map

Primary Language: Jula (1,495,000 speakers)   People group listing
Language Code: dyu   Ethnologue Listing
Written: Yes   ScriptSource Listing
Total Languages: 1
Primary Language: Jula (1,495,000 speakers)   People group listing
Language Code: dyu   Ethnologue Listing
Total Languages: 1
Primary Language: Jula

Bible Translation Status  (Years)
Bible Portions Yes   (1992-1997)
New Testament Yes   (1993-1997)
Complete Bible No
Audio Bible Online
 
Possible Print Bibles
Amazon
Forum of Bible Agencies
Gospel Go
World Bible Finder
World Bibles
Resource Type Resource Name
Audio Recordings Audio Bible teaching (GRN)
Audio Recordings Online New Testament (FCBH)
Audio Recordings Online New Testament (FCBH)
Audio Recordings Story of Jesus audio (Jesus Film Project)
Film / Video Jesus Film: view in Jula
Text / Printed Matter World Missionary Press Booklets
Primary Religion: Islam

Major Religion Percent
Buddhism
0.00 %
Christianity  (Evangelical 0.40 %)
0.50 %
Ethnic Religions
5.50 %
Hinduism
0.00 %
Islam
92.00 %
Non-Religious
2.00 %
Other / Small
0.00 %
Unknown
0.00 %
Christian Segments Percent
Anglican
0.0 %
Independent
5.0 %
Orthodox
0.0 %
Other Christian
0.0 %
Protestant
35.0 %
Roman Catholic
60.0 %
Profile Source: Bethany World Prayer Center  
Data Sources: Data is compiled from various sources. Read more


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