The Tawang Monpa are named after their town, which in turn is named after the Tawang Monastery located there. This group, call themselves Brahmi Monpa, while their language is called Monkit.
The Tawang Monpa are different from other Monpa groups in terms of both language and culture. Despite these differences, most researchers presume that the various groups who call themselves 'Monpa' must all be the same. This is far from true, as the generic term 'Monpa' is used to designate people living in the lower areas of the Himalayas, rather than to indicate a cohesive ethnolinguistic or historic group.
Most of the Tawang Monpa live in northeastern India, but a small number have migrated to Bhutan, where they live among other Buddhist peoples.
The diet of the Tawang Monpa is varied. They eat and drink pulses, fish, meat, vegetables and bung chung (local beer brewed from maize, rice, millet, wheat or buckwheat). They consume milk products like churpi, ghee and butter. They eat beef, pork, mutton and the meat of fowl and yak. They also eat venison and the flesh of wild boar. The fruits consumed are oranges, peaches, pomegranates, apples and sugarcane.
The 1981 census returned 99.94 per cent of Tawang Monpa as Buddhists. Tawang is the spiritual center of the area and home to several important monasteries, including the Tawang Monastery, where many festivities and traditional dances are held every year. Other important Buddhist landmarks include the 460-year-old Urgelling Monastery, which was the birthplace of the sixth Dalai Lama; the Rigyalling Monastery; and the more distant Taktsang Monastery. Together these institutions house more than 1,000 monks, 700 of which reside at Tawang Monastery alone.
In the past few years a few Tawang Monpa individuals in India, mostly young people, have believed in Jesus Christ. They immediately faced strong pressure from their families and communities to renounce their new faith. Some did, but others counted the cost and continue to follow Christ as Lord. The Christians who brought the gospel to Tawang have been persecuted.
The Tawang Monpa people need to know that they can find eternal refuge in Jesus Christ and in God the Father. They do not need to rely on spirits which come to kill, steal and destroy.
* Pray that the few Twant Monpa people who have put their faith in Jesus will be salt and light to their neighbors and family members who remain Buddhist.
* Pray that the Lord will reveal himself to them through dreams, visions, and through Christian materials like the JESUS Film and gospel recordings.
* Pray for a powerful disciple making movement to spread through their communities in Bhutan and in India.
|Profile Source: Keith Carey|
|People Name General||Monpa Tawang|
|People Name in Country||Monpa Tawang|
|Population in Bhutan||600|
|Progress Scale||1 ●|
|Frontier People Group||Yes|
|Pioneer Workers Needed||1|
|Alternate Names||Awang, Monba, Monkit, Tawan, Tsangla Monpa, मोनपा, तवांग|
|Persecution Rank||33 (Open Doors top 50 rank, 1 = highest persecution ranking)|
|Specialized Website||South Asia Peoples|
|Primary Language||Brokpake (600 speakers)|
|Language Code||sgt Ethnologue Listing|
|Other People Groups||Speaking Brokpake|