Tibetan Gtsang in Bhutan

Main Language
Largest Religion
Progress Gauge

Introduction / History

The Gtsang Tibetans are part of the Tibetan nationality, but they speak a language only partly intelligible with other Tibetan varieties. Captain O'Conner, the British trade agent at Gyantse in the early 1900s, described the Gtsang Tibetans as "superstitious indeed to the last degree, but devoid of any deep-rooted religious convictions or heart searchings, oppressed by the most monstrous growth of monasticism and priest-craft which the world has ever seen."

Where Are they Located?

Gtsang Tibetans are located in China (Tibet), Nepal, India, and a small number are in Bhutan.

What Are Their Lives Like?

Gtsang Tibetans hold the Xigaze New Year Festival in the first week of the 12th lunar month. Thousands of visitors have flocked to Gyantse since 1408 for the annual Horse Racing and Archery Show.

What Are Their Beliefs?

The Gtsang region is home to several Buddhist sects, including the Nyingmapa (Ancient), Kagyupa (Oral Transmission), and Sakya (Gray Earth) schools. Gtsang Tibetans are devout Tibetan Buddhists. In the 1600s, a Jesuit missionary entered the land of the Gtsang Tibetans, and won many to Roman Catholicism, and there are still a few who remain Christian.

What Are Their Needs?

The Gtsang Tibetans need true spiritual hunger that will lead them to the cross.

Prayer Points

* Scripture Prayers for the Tibetan Gtsang in Bhutan.

* Pray that the Lord would send his ambassadors to the Gtsang Tibetans to bring Jesus to them.
* Pray that the Gtsang Tibetans in Bhutan will soon understand the spiritual depth and the unfathomable love of our Lord and savior.
* Pray that soon there will be fellowships and disciple making movements among the Gtsang Tibetans in Bhutan and China.



Profile Source:   Keith Carey  

People Name General Tibetan Gtsang
People Name in Country Tibetan Gtsang
Pronunciation Git-zung
World Population 767,000
Total Countries 2
Indigenous No
Progress Scale 1
Unreached Yes
Frontier People Group Yes
Pioneer Workers Needed 1
Alternate Names Bhotia; Gyantse; Sagka; Sagya; Tsang; Xigatse Tibetan; Xigatse Tibetans; Xigatze; टिबेटन, गठसांग
People ID 18698
ROP3 Code 114330
Country Bhutan
Region Asia, South
Continent Asia
10/40 Window Yes
Persecution Rank 45  (Open Doors top 50 rank, 1 = highest persecution ranking)
Total States on file 2
Largest States
Specialized Website South Asia Peoples
Country Bhutan
Region Asia, South
Continent Asia
10/40 Window Yes
Persecution Rank 45  (Open Doors top 50 rank, 1 = highest persecution ranking)
Total States 2
  Central 900
  Western 20
Website South Asia Peoples

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Primary Language Tibetan, Central (900 speakers)
Language Code bod   Ethnologue Listing
Language Written Yes   ScriptSource Listing
Total Languages 1
Primary Language Tibetan, Central (900 speakers)
Language Code bod   Ethnologue Listing
Total Languages 1
People Groups Speaking Tibetan, Central

Primary Language:  Tibetan, Central

Bible Translation Status  (Years)
Bible-Portions Yes  (1862-1991)
Bible-New Testament Yes  (1885-1973)
Bible-Complete Yes  (1948-1983)
Bible-NT Text Online
Possible Print Bibles
Forum Bible Agencies
National Bible Societies
World Bible Finder
World Bibles
Resource Type Resource Name
Audio Recordings Audio Bible teaching (GRN)
Audio Recordings Father's Love Letter
Audio Recordings Story of Jesus audio (Jesus Film Project)
Film / Video Creation to Christ
Film / Video God's Story Video
Film / Video Good News for You
Film / Video Jesus Film: view in Tibetan, Central
Film / Video Phim
Film / Video Story of Jesus for Children (JF Project)
Film / Video The Hope Video
Text / Printed Matter Bible: པོད་སྐད་ - Tibetan
Primary Religion: Buddhism
Major Religion Percent *
100.00 %
Christianity  (Evangelical 0.00 %)
0.00 %
Ethnic Religions
0.00 %
0.00 %
0.00 %
0.00 %
Other / Small
0.00 %
0.00 %
Photo Source Anonymous 
Profile Source Keith Carey  
Data Sources Data is compiled from various sources. Read more
* Religion Values From latest Bhutan census data.  Current values may differ.