Teli (Sikh traditions) in India

The Teli (Sikh traditions) have only been reported in India
Population
Main Language
Largest Religion
Christian
Evangelical
Progress
Progress Gauge
* From latest India census data.
Current Christian values may substantially differ.

Introduction / History

Within the caste system of India there are numerous communities which have a given task to benefit others. The Teli community is one of these. "A community which derives its name from the Sanskrit word talika or taila, used for the oil extracted from sesame and mustard, thus alluding to their traditional occupation... Mythological origin of the Teli is traced to Lord Shiva who created them to destroy five demons. However, their legend also says that the first Teli was created by Shiva to rub him with oil." (Singh, K. S., India's Communities, p. 3462)

Telis were traditionally considered one of the the Vaisya, or trading communities. That put them as part of the third highest of four caste clusters.


Where Are they Located?

Sikh Telis live mainly in Punjab State, though a few are in Uttar Pradesh.


What Are Their Lives Like?

The Teli community once did the labor-intensive job of pressing and extracting oil, but now that job is done by mechanical means. For this reason, some have mainly resorted to farming or animal husbandry. A good many of these are landless, and some have applied to be considered "Other backward castes" so they can receive special treatment from the Indian government. A smaller number of them are businessmen or hotel managers, metal workers, cart pullers, or common laborers. Many work in government jobs, and they are active in politics.

The Teli people are endogamous, meaning that they only marry within their own community. Family heads and elders arrange their marriages, and the dowry is paid with cash and valuable goods. In today's world, Teli people live mainly in nuclear families.

Like all other South Asian communities, women have lower status and power than men; however, women take a leading role in social and religious activities. Women also help with the family income through embroidery and other money-making activities.


What Are Their Beliefs?

Though most Teli communities are Hindu, a small number adhere to Sikhism. Sikhism was founded by Guru Nanak, who was hoping to bring out the best of both Hinduism and Islam, and to bring peace between the two religious communities that were constantly fighting.

Hindu Telis recognize thousands of gods, but the Sikhs follow the "True Name," the one true God. They worship God in His abstract form without using images of any kind. Though devout Sikhs attend worship services regularly, they are taught to always be mindful of God in all situations, and as soon as they wake up in the morning. By meditating on the name of God, Sikhs believe they will pass through reincarnations to eventually merge with this universal force. They have reverence to their scriptures, the Guru Granth Sahib, written in the early 1600s. This book contains a series of worship songs that could potentially be used as a bridge to this religious community that has already shown openness to Christ. The Sikh place of worship is called a gurdwara.


What Are Their Needs?

The Sikh Teli people are not usually poor, but they need better access to higher education and good job opportunities. They also need to have a chance to meet and serve the Risen Savior.


Prayer Points

* Scripture Prayers for the Teli (Sikh traditions) in India.


References

https://peoplegroupsindia.com/profiles/teli/
https://www.shaadi.com/matrimony/teli-india-brides
http://www.sikhiwiki.org/index.php/Teli_Sikhs


Profile Source:   Keith Carey  

People Name General Teli (Sikh traditions)
People Name in Country Teli (Sikh traditions)
Pronunciation TEL-ee
World Population 1,400
Total Countries 1
Indigenous Yes
Progress Scale 1
Unreached Yes
Frontier People Group Yes
GSEC 1  (per PeopleGroups.org)
Pioneer Workers Needed 1
Alternate Names Gachhi; Malik; टेली (सिख ट्रेडिशन्स)
People ID 18175
ROP3 Code 113687
Country India
Region Asia, South
Continent Asia
10/40 Window Yes
National Bible Society Website
Persecution Rank 10  (Open Doors top 50 rank, 1 = highest persecution ranking)
Total States on file 5
Largest States
Punjab
1,100
Delhi
100
Haryana
80
Chandigarh
50
Uttar Pradesh
40
Specialized Website South Asia Peoples
Country India
Region Asia, South
Continent Asia
10/40 Window Yes
National Bible Society Website
Persecution Rank 10  (Open Doors top 50 rank, 1 = highest persecution ranking)
Total States 5
  Punjab 1,100
  Delhi 100
  Haryana 80
  Chandigarh 50
  Uttar Pradesh 40
Website South Asia Peoples

No people group map currently available. Use the above button to submit a map.


Ethnolinguistic map or other map

Primary Language Punjabi, Eastern (1,500 speakers)
Language Code pan   Ethnologue Listing
Language Written Yes   ScriptSource Listing
Total Languages 2
Secondary Languages
Hindi
Primary Language Punjabi, Eastern (1,500 speakers)
Language Code pan   Ethnologue Listing
Total Languages 2
Secondary Languages
  Hindi 10
People Groups Speaking Punjabi, Eastern

Primary Language:  Punjabi, Eastern

Bible Translation Status  (Years)
Bible-Portions Yes  (1818-1954)
Bible-New Testament Yes  (1815-2011)
Bible-Complete Yes  (1818-2017)
Bible-NT Audio Online
Bible-NT Text Online
Possible Print Bibles
Amazon
Virtual Storehouse
Forum Bible Agencies
National Bible Societies
World Bible Finder
World Bibles
Resource Type Resource Name
Audio Recordings Audio Bible teaching (GRN)
Audio Recordings Online New Testament (FCBH)
Audio Recordings Online Scripture (Talking Bibles)
Audio Recordings Oral Bible
Audio Recordings Story of Jesus audio (Jesus Film Project)
Film / Video Eyes of the Heart
Film / Video Following Jesus (India, JF Project)
Film / Video God's Story Video
Film / Video Jesus Film: view in Punjabi, Eastern
Film / Video Magdalena (Jesus Film Project)
Film / Video Satsung of the Sadguru Jesus
Film / Video Story of Jesus for Children (JF Project)
Film / Video Who Can Help You?
General Got Questions Ministry
Mobile App Download Bible from Google Play Store
Text / Printed Matter Bible: ਪੰਜਾਬੀ - Panjabi
Text / Printed Matter Download scripture in this language
Text / Printed Matter OneHope resources for children and youth
Text / Printed Matter Online Bible text (Scripture Earth)
Text / Printed Matter Online New Testament (Bibles India)
Primary Religion: Other / Small
Major Religion Percent *
Buddhism
0.00 %
Christianity  (Evangelical 0.00 %)
0.00 %
Ethnic Religions
0.00 %
Hinduism
0.00 %
Islam
0.00 %
Non-Religious
0.00 %
Other / Small
100.00 %
Unknown
0.00 %
* From latest India census data.
Current Christian values may substantially differ.
Profile Source Keith Carey  
Data Sources Data is compiled from various sources. Read more

Avatar

Welcome. I’m a virtual assistant and will try to answer questions about Joshua Project, unreached people groups, the Great Commission and more. How can I help you?

For further help try our FAQ, Definitions or Contact Us pages.