Introduction / History
The Prabhu Patane or Pathare Prabhu of India went to Bombay (Mumbai) and may have migrated there from Saurastra and Gujarat in the the thirteenth century. They speak Marathi with each other and Hindi and English with other people. They read and write in Devanagari. They use English and Roman scripts also.
What Are Their Beliefs?
They eat fish, chicken and mutton. Vegetables and fruit are eaten in smaller amounts. They like chapatti which is bread of wheat and they eat rice too. They drink tea and men sometimes drink alcohol. They have no subgroups. They are endogamous but are exogamous at clan level. This means they marry within the group, but choose partners from a clan other than their own.
Marriages are arranged by discussion. They are mainly monogamous. They do adult marriages, 28 to 35 years for men and 22 to 30 years for women. A dowry is given. The brides live with their husbands in the house of the father of the husband. Divorce is allowed but does not happen often. Adultery, cruelty and difficulty in adjusting are the usual causes for divorce. Divorcees and the bereaved are allowed to marry again. It has been reported that there is an increase in the marital age.
The son and daughter inherit the property of the father. The women do the housework and look after the children. Some do office work. The women are very much involved in social and religious matters and are involved in politics too.
Regarding childbirth, a ritual called Oti Bharna is done in the seventh to the eighth month of the pregnancy. The baby is born in a maternity home or a hospital. The pollution period after birth lasts for ten days. The name giving ceremony called Barsa takes place when the baby is twelve days old. It is the sister of the father who names the baby. They have a feast. Dead bodies are cremated. Death pollution time is for thirteen days. The Shradha ritual is done on the thirteenth day and that is the end of the time of pollution.
The Prabhu Patane are landowners. They work in office and manual work. Some teach while others are engineers or do medical work. They have an association for the community people only.
There are landlords and tenants among them. There are well educated people among both the men and women. They believe in modern medicine and in family planning.
The Prabhu Patane are Hindus by religion and also have family and clan gods. They worship ancestors. They have festivals such as Holi and Diwali. Arts and crafts have been contributed by them. (Maybe Christians who like arts and crafts could befriend them).
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