Monpa, But in India

Joshua Project has identified the Monpa, But only in India
Population
10
Christian
Evangelical
Largest Religion
Main Language
Progress
Progress Gauge

Identity

The 1991 census in India recorded 675 members of the But Monpa tribe, up from 348 people in the 1981 census. Almost all But Monpa inhabit the villages of Jeriagaon, Sellary, Khoitum, Ralung and Khoina in the Nafra Circle of West Kameng District of Arunachal Pradesh, north-east India. The But Monpa inhabit a hilly area 'surrounded by dense coniferous forests where the climate is cool and salubrious'. The But Monpas call themselves Matchopa, Bootpa or Butpa.

This small tribe is one of six Monpa groups, each of which has been granted status as a Scheduled Tribe by the Indian government. The combined population of all Monpa in India is nearly 50,000. Two distinct Monpa groups also live in Tibet.

Almost all Christian researchers have refused to list these six groups separately. It is generally assumed that because all six tribes call themselves 'Monpa' they must be one group and therefore do not need to be split down into these small components. This presumption is an error from an ethnolinguistic point of view. Others do not consider such numerically small groups worth mentioning. Our aim is to present all distinct people groups, regardless of size, as each is precious to the Saviour and the Bible states that every tribe, language and nation will have representatives worshiping around the throne of Jesus in heaven.

The term 'Monpa' is a generic one, used by the Tibetans to denote mon ('the low country') and pa ('belonging to'). The Monpa are, therefore, people 'belonging to the low country'. In reality, the various Monpa tribes of Arunachal Pradesh, including the But, migrated into the region from diverse places at various times, 'differing with respect to their languages and many other cultural traits. The languages of the Lish Monpas, Chug Monpas and But Monpas differ a lot from the rest of the Monpas, and closely resemble the languages of the Akas, Mijis and Sherdukpens.'

The But Monpa are quite different from the other Monpa groups and could probably be considered the least Buddhist of the various groups. K S Singh notes, 'Though they are listed under the greater Monpa group, except their dress they differ in all aspects (language, socio-cultural life and religion) from the other Monpa.' In another book, Singh states, 'Except for the But Monpa, the rest of [the Monpa groups] belong to the Lamaistic school of Tibetan Buddhism. It is interesting to note that the practice of pre-Buddhist shamanism still persists among them. However, the But Monpa have their own traditional faith, beliefs and festivals. Gradually they are being drawn into the greater fold of Buddhism.' Despite the above indication that the But Monpa are not strong Buddhists, the 1981 census recorded 97.7 per cent of them as Buddhists and 0.86 per cent as Hindus, while 1.44 per cent did not state their religion.


Christianity

There are no known Christians among the But Monpa tribe, and less than 20 among all the Monpa groups in India. They are one of the most unreached and needy Buddhist groups in the Himalayas.


Profile Source:   Peoples of the Buddhist World, Paul Hattaway  Copyrighted ©   Used with permission  

People Name General Monpa, But
People Name in Country Monpa, But
Population in India 10
World Population 10
Total Countries 1
Indigenous Yes
Least-Reached Yes
Progress Scale 1
Alternate Names Bootpa, But, Matchopa, Menba, Moinba, Monba, Monpa, Nagnoo, मोनपा, बुत
People ID 16544
Country India
Region South Asia
Continent Asia
10/40 Window Yes
Persecution Rank 17  (Open Doors top 50 rank, 1 = highest persecution ranking)
Location in Country Almost all But Monpa inhabit the villages of Jeriagaon, Sellary, Khoitum, Ralung and Khoina in the Nafra Circle of West Kameng District of Arunachal Pradesh.   Source:  Peoples of the Buddhist World, 2004
Country India
Region South Asia
Continent Asia
10/40 Window Yes
Persecution Rank 17  (Open Doors top 50 rank, 1 = highest persecution ranking)
Location in Country Almost all But Monpa inhabit the villages of Jeriagaon, Sellary, Khoitum, Ralung and Khoina in the Nafra Circle of West Kameng District of Arunachal Pradesh..   Source:  Peoples of the Buddhist World, 2004
Total States on file: 1
Arunachal Pradesh (10)

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Ethnologue Language Map
Ethnolinguistic map or other map

Primary Language: Adi (10 speakers)   People group listing
Language Code: adi   Ethnologue Listing
Written: Yes   ScriptSource Listing
Total Languages: 3
Secondary Languages:
Monpa, Tawang Naga, Tase: Tangsa
Primary Language: Adi (10 speakers)   People group listing
Language Code: adi   Ethnologue Listing
Total Languages: 3
Secondary Languages:
Monpa, Tawang (10) Naga, Tase: Tangsa (0)
Primary Language: Adi

Bible Translation Status  (Years)
Bible Portions Yes   (1932-1986)
New Testament Yes   (1988-2003)
Complete Bible Yes   (2005-2009)
 
Possible Print Bibles
Amazon
Forum of Bible Agencies
Gospel Go
World Bible Finder
World Bibles
Resource Type Resource Name
Audio Recordings Audio Bible teaching (GRN)
Audio Recordings Story of Jesus audio (Jesus Film Project)
Film / Video Jesus Film: view in Adi
Primary Religion: Buddhism

Major Religion Percent
Buddhism
98.23 %
Christianity  (Evangelical 0.00 %)
0.00 %
Ethnic Religions
0.00 %
Hinduism
0.31 %
Islam
0.00 %
Non-Religious
0.00 %
Other / Small
0.00 %
Unknown
1.46 %
Christian Segments Percent
Anglican
Unknown
Independent
Unknown
Orthodox
Unknown
Other Christian
Unknown
Protestant
Unknown
Roman Catholic
Unknown
Photo Source: Peoples of the Buddhist World, Paul Hattaway   Copyrighted ©   Used with permission
Profile Source: Peoples of the Buddhist World, Paul Hattaway  Copyrighted ©   Used with permission  
Data Sources: Data is compiled from various sources. Read more


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