Bhangi (Muslim traditions) in India


Population
Main Language
Largest Religion
Christian
Evangelical
Progress
Progress Gauge

Subgroups: 1

Subgroup Name Population
Mehtar 3,400

Introduction / History

The Muslim Bhangi, a Scheduled Tribal Caste in India, are traditionally associated with scavenging, sweeping, basket-making and cleaning latrines. They are among the lowest caste of Dalits or Untouchables in India. In the colonial period they were brought into urban areas to perform roles that other castes would not do. They take care of dead animals and human corpses. In addition, they also prepare bamboo articles and work as drumbeaters.

Only a few of the Bhangi living in cities are educated. Most Bhangi in South Asia are Hindu, but a sizable subgroup is Muslim, living in Pakistan, India, Bangladesh, and Nepal. Most of the Bhangi are illiterate so the gospel must be presented to them in oral or visual form.

Urdu is the main language of the Muslim Bhangi.


Where Are they Located?

Most Bhangi of India live in the states of Uttar Pradesh, Madhya Pradesh and Bihar. Other smaller groups live throughout India.


What Are Their Lives Like?

How many people would clean out clogged sewer pipes for a living? That is what the Bhangi do. Because of their distasteful jobs, they are excluded from many parts of Indian and Muslim society. Many of their children do not attend school because of the roles their group performs. Not being able to read or write perpetuates the tragic condition of Bhangi lives. They are endogamous meaning that they marry within their own group. Few if any Indian Muslims would want their son or daughter to marry into a Bhangi family.

As Muslims, the Bhangi do not eat pork. Meat is reserved for holidays. Their main foods are rice, wheat and vegetables.

Bhangi caste councils do try to promote their interests and settle legal disputes among them.


What Are Their Beliefs?

The Bhangi are Sunni Muslims. Although they are sometimes denied entrance to mosque services, they continue to cling to Islam. Islam is a major world religion that is based on five essential duties or "pillars": (1) A Muslim must affirm that "there is no god but Allah and Mohammed is his prophet." (2) Five times a day one must pray while facing Mecca. (3) One must give an obligatory percentage (very similar to tithes) on an annual basis. (4) One must fast during Ramadan, the ninth month of the Muslim year. (5) One must try to make at least one pilgrimage to Mecca in his or her lifetime. Muslims are also prohibited to drink alcohol, eat pork, gamble, steal, use deceit, slander, and make idols.

The two main holidays for Sunni Muslims are Eid al Fitr, the breaking of the monthly fast and Eid al Adha, the celebration of Abraham's willingness to sacrifice his son to Allah.


What Are Their Needs?

The Muslim Bhangi people like all Dalit groups have tremendous needs. Most of all they need to hear the life-changing message about Isa or Jesus. The Bhangi need help in educating their children so that the cycle of poverty may be broken. They need to learn new job skills so they can make enough money to support their families. Rural Bhangi need access to clean water, electricity and modern medicine.


Prayer Points

* Scripture Prayers for the Bhangi (Muslim traditions) in India.

* Pray that God sends workers to the Bhangi to tell them about Jesus and the new life in Him.
* Pray that the Lord moves the Bhangi away from Islam and into the arms of Jesus.
* Pray for Bhangi families and communities to discover and embrace the free gift of life found by trusting Christ and his finished work.
* Pray that the Bhangi receive gospel materials in oral form so they can learn about their Savior.


References

https://joshuaproject.net/people_groups/16400/IN
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Halalkhor
https://en.wikipedia.org/.../List_of_Muslim_Other_Backward_Classes_communities_in...


Profile Source:   David Kugel  

People Name General Bhangi (Muslim traditions)
People Name in Country Bhangi (Muslim traditions)
World Population 220,000
Total Countries 3
Indigenous Yes
Progress Scale 1
Unreached Yes
Frontier People Group Yes
Pioneer Workers Needed 3
Alternate Names Balmiki, Barvashia, Bhangaro, Bhangia, Chuhra, Halalkhor, Hari, Jamphora, Korar, Lal Begi, Mehmar, Mehtar, Olgana, Rukhi, Zadmalli, भंगी (मुस्लिम ट्रेडिशन्स)
People ID 16400
ROP3 Code 111547
Country India
Region Asia, South
Continent Asia
10/40 Window Yes
National Bible Society Website
Persecution Rank 10  (Open Doors top 50 rank, 1 = highest persecution ranking)
Total States on file 13
Largest States
Uttar Pradesh
90,000
Madhya Pradesh
21,000
Bihar
11,000
Maharashtra
8,000
West Bengal
3,500
Gujarat
2,600
Jharkhand
1,100
Karnataka
600
Uttarakhand
400
Chhattisgarh
200
Jammu and Kashmir
200
Telangana
100
Odisha
60
Specialized Website South Asia Peoples
Country India
Region Asia, South
Continent Asia
10/40 Window Yes
National Bible Society Website
Persecution Rank 10  (Open Doors top 50 rank, 1 = highest persecution ranking)
Total States 13
  Uttar Pradesh 90,000
  Madhya Pradesh 21,000
  Bihar 11,000
  Maharashtra 8,000
  West Bengal 3,500
  Gujarat 2,600
  Jharkhand 1,100
  Karnataka 600
  Uttarakhand 400
  Chhattisgarh 200
  Jammu and Kashmir 200
  Telangana 100
  Odisha 60
Website South Asia Peoples
Primary Language Urdu (119,000 speakers)
Language Code urd   Ethnologue Listing
Language Written Yes   ScriptSource Listing
Total Languages 18
Secondary Languages
(only 15 largest shown)
Bhojpuri
7,000
Bengali
3,300
Marathi
1,600
Maithili
1,100
Gujarati
900
Surjapuri
900
Awadhi
800
Marwari
700
Bundeli
200
Kanauji
200
Sindhi
200
Kannada
100
Dogri
80
Magahi
70
Odia
60
Primary Language Urdu (119,000 speakers)
Language Code urd   Ethnologue Listing
Total Languages 18
Secondary Languages (only 15 largest shown)
  Bhojpuri 7,000
  Bengali 3,300
  Marathi 1,600
  Maithili 1,100
  Gujarati 900
  Surjapuri 900
  Awadhi 800
  Marwari 700
  Bundeli 200
  Kanauji 200
  Sindhi 200
  Kannada 100
  Dogri 80
  Magahi 70
  Odia 60
People Groups Speaking Urdu

Primary Language:  Urdu

Bible Translation Status  (Years)
Bible-Portions Yes  (1747-1894)
Bible-New Testament Yes  (1758-2000)
Bible-Complete Yes  (1843-2016)
Bible-NT Audio Online
Bible-NT Text Online
Possible Print Bibles
Amazon
Forum Bible Agencies
National Bible Societies
World Bible Finder
World Bibles
Resource Type Resource Name
Audio Recordings Audio Bible teaching (GRN)
Audio Recordings Online New Testament - Easy to Read (FCBH)
Audio Recordings Online New Testament - Pakistan Bible Society (FCBH)
Audio Recordings Online Scripture (Talking Bibles)
Audio Recordings Oral Bible
Audio Recordings Story of Jesus audio (Jesus Film Project)
Audio Recordings Urdu Online Audio Bible
Film / Video God's Love Story
Film / Video God's Story Video
Film / Video Jesus Film: view in Urdu
Film / Video Magdalena (Jesus Film Project)
Film / Video My Last Day (Jesus Film Project Anime)
Film / Video Story of Jesus for Children (JF Project)
Film / Video The Hope Video
Film / Video The Prophets' Story
Film / Video The Savior 6 - The Lord's Prayer
Film / Video The Savior 8 - Jesus is Risen
General Bible Visuals
General Four Spiritual Laws
General God's Simple Plan
Primary Religion: Islam
Major Religion Percent *
Buddhism
0.00 %
Christianity  (Evangelical 0.00 %)
0.00 %
Ethnic Religions
0.00 %
Hinduism
0.00 %
Islam
100.00 %
Non-Religious
0.00 %
Other / Small
0.00 %
Unknown
0.00 %
Photo Source Copyrighted © 2019  Isudas  All rights reserved.  Used with permission
Map Source People Group Location: Omid. Other geography / data: GMI. Map Design: Joshua Project  
Profile Source David Kugel  
Data Sources Data is compiled from various sources. Read more
* Religion Values From latest India census data.  Current values may differ.