Shuar, Jivaro in Ecuador

Joshua Project has identified the Shuar only in Ecuador
Largest Religion
Main Language
Progress Gauge

Introduction / History

The Shuar are one of several indigenous tribal groups which reside in the SouthEastern portion of Ecuador, a jungle/rainforest area. The Shuar gained notoriety for their custom of shrinking heads of victims. Eventually Ecuador had to outlaw the practice because the popularity of buying shrunken heads as souvenirs was driving the practice to continue. The group has been fiercely agressive and independent enough to fend off colonization by the Spanish. On one occasion the group retaliated violently to an attempt to tax them. They raided settlements and killed thousands of people. They allegedly poured melted gold down the throat of the governor who tried to impose the tax.

Where Are they Located?

SE portion of Ecuador in South America....East of the city of Macas.

What Are Their Lives Like?

Previously the Shuar were nomadic, but have since established themselves in permanent dwellings.

A rite of passage for a young man involves the drinking of water containing the extract of a bark that induces hallucinations.

What Are Their Beliefs?

There is now Christian work. The northern area of the Shuar have had Christian work for more than 10 years; but work in the Southern portion has mostly begun during the last 10 years (Baptist work). The larger Shuar community retain animistic beliefs. A belief of theirs has been that if someone dies from disease, the death was actually killed by invisible darts.


Profile Source:   Anonymous  

People Name General Shuar
People Name in Country Shuar, Jivaro
Population in Ecuador 65,000
World Population 65,000
Total Countries 1
Indigenous Yes
Unreached No
Progress Scale 2
GSEC 2  (per
Alternate Names Jibaro, Jivaro
People ID 14920
ROP3 Code 108965
Country Ecuador
Region Central and South America
Continent South America
10/40 Window No
Persecution Rank Not ranked
Location in Country Morona-Santiago province: east of Cuenca City.   Source:  Ethnologue 2016
Country Ecuador
Region Central and South America
Continent South America
10/40 Window No
Persecution Rank Not ranked
Location in Country Morona-Santiago province: east of Cuenca City..   Source:  Ethnologue 2016

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Ethnologue Language Map

Primary Language: Shuar (65,000 speakers)   (People group listing)
Language Code: jiv   Ethnologue Listing
Written: Yes   ScriptSource Listing
Total Languages: 1
Primary Language: Shuar (65,000 speakers)   People group listing
Language Code: jiv   Ethnologue Listing
Total Languages: 1
Primary Language: Shuar

Bible Translation Status  (Years)
Bible Portions Yes   (1939-1966)
New Testament Yes   (1976-1983)
Complete Bible Yes   (2010)
Audio Bible Online
Possible Print Bibles
Forum of Bible Agencies
Gospel Go
World Bible Finder
World Bibles
Resource Type Resource Name
Audio Recordings Audio Bible teaching (GRN)
Audio Recordings Online New Testament (FCBH)
Film / Video Jesus Film: view in Shuar
Text / Printed Matter Bible-in-Your-Language
Text / Printed Matter Bible: Yus Papí: Shuarja̱i̱ Yus Yamaram Chicham Najanamu
Text / Printed Matter Online Bible text (Scripture Earth)
Primary Religion: Ethnic Religions

Major Religion Percent
0.00 %
Christianity  (Evangelical 0.50 %)
10.00 %
Ethnic Religions
90.00 %
0.00 %
0.00 %
0.00 %
Other / Small
0.00 %
0.00 %
Christian Segments Percent
0.0 %
0.0 %
0.0 %
Other Christian
0.0 %
10.0 %
Roman Catholic
90.0 %
Photo Source: Kleverenrique - Wikimedia Commons   Creative Commons  
Profile Source: Anonymous  
Data Sources: Data is compiled from various sources. Read more

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