Punan Bungan, Hovongan in Indonesia

Joshua Project has identified the Punan Bungan only in Indonesia
Population
1,500
Christian
Evangelical
Largest Religion
Main Language
Progress
Progress Gauge

Introduction / History

The Hobongan people are a semi-nomadic group of people living in north central Borneo. In the past they were known as the headhunters of Borneo. The coastal people considered them to be animals and said that they had tails. However, in the past two generations much has changed for the Hobongan people as they have come into contact with the outside world. They now use boats and outboard motors to make frequent trips to the nearest towns. They wear modern clothing and build cement houses and carry cell phones. They have also been exposed to the Gospel and today there is a church among the Hobongan people.


Where Are they Located?

The Hobongan are living at the headwaters of the Kapuas River in West Kalimantan, Indonesia. They form five villages located on five different rivers.


What Are Their Lives Like?

Although the Hobongan practice swidden agriculture, their primary economic activity is searching for jungle products that can be sold in the markets downriver. The most significant of these is gold mining. Because of this they are constantly traveling and live away from the village for significant lengths of time. Family is the primary unit of their culture, and they work and travel as families. They prize children highly and give a high measure of respect to older people. Many of the older people are still illiterate, but most of the young people have had some formal schooling and can read. The staple of their diet is rice and meat from the animals that they hunt in the jungle.


What Are Their Beliefs?

The Hobongan were animists, believing that the world was controlled by evil spirits. And in turn, with certain rituals and incantations, they could have a measure of control over these evil spirits. In short their lives were ruled by fear of these evil spirits. With increased contact with the outside initially the Hobongan accepted the Roman Catholic religion, at least in name. But this did not change their animistic worldview. It has only been since they have heard and accepted the Gospel that some have truly renounced animism.


Prayer Points

* Pray for the growth of the Hobongan church so that they can be fully independent, teaching their own congregations and children.
* Pray too that they would be challenged to reach out to other people groups who still do not have access to the Gospel.


References

Searcy, Rachel. Personal experience as Bible translator among the Hobongan.


Profile Source:   Anonymous  

People Name General Punan Bungan
People Name in Country Punan Bungan, Hovongan
Population in Indonesia 1,500
World Population 1,500
Total Countries 1
Indigenous Yes
Least-Reached Yes
Progress Scale 1
GSEC 4  (per PeopleGroups.org)
Alternate Names Hovongan
People ID 14477
ROP3 Code 108175
Country Indonesia
Region Southeast Asia
Continent Asia
10/40 Window Yes
Persecution Rank 43  (Open Doors top 50 rank, 1 = highest persecution ranking)
Location in Country West Kalimantan Province near Sarawak and East Kalimantan Province borders; Kapuas Hulu Regency, far northeast corner   Source:  Ethnologue 2010
Country Indonesia
Region Southeast Asia
Continent Asia
10/40 Window Yes
Persecution Rank 43  (Open Doors top 50 rank, 1 = highest persecution ranking)
Location in Country West Kalimantan Province near Sarawak and East Kalimantan Province borders; Kapuas Hulu Regency, far northeast corner.   Source:  Ethnologue 2010

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Ethnologue Language Map
Ethnolinguistic map or other map

Primary Language: Hovongan (1,500 speakers)   People group listing
Language Code: hov   Ethnologue Listing
Written: Unknown
Total Languages: 1
Primary Language: Hovongan (1,500 speakers)   People group listing
Language Code: hov   Ethnologue Listing
Total Languages: 1
Primary Language: Hovongan

Bible Translation Status  (Years)
Bible Portions No
New Testament No
Complete Bible No
Resource Type Resource Name
None reported  
Primary Religion: Ethnic Religions

Major Religion Percent
Buddhism
0.00 %
Christianity  (Evangelical 1.00 %)
5.00 %
Ethnic Religions
95.00 %
Hinduism
0.00 %
Islam
0.00 %
Non-Religious
0.00 %
Other / Small
0.00 %
Unknown
0.00 %
Christian Segments Percent
Anglican
0.0 %
Independent
10.0 %
Orthodox
0.0 %
Other Christian
0.0 %
Protestant
80.0 %
Roman Catholic
10.0 %
Profile Source: Anonymous  
Data Sources: Data is compiled from various sources. Read more


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