Mugal in Nepal

The Mugal have only been reported in Nepal
Main Language
Largest Religion
Progress Gauge

Introduction / History

The Mugali take their name from the village in which they live, called "Mugu." Mugu is located in the western portion of the Himalayan mountains of Nepal.

In appearance, the Mugali strongly resemble the Tibetans. They are tall and healthy, with a fair complexion and straight black hair. They speak their own language which is similar to Tibetan. Most of the Mugali men also speak Nepali, the official language of the country.

While most of the Nepali are farmers, the land is undeveloped and the country as a whole is poor. However, the Mugali are one of the wealthier ethnic Tibetan groups in Nepal.

Katmandu, Nepal's capital city, attracts visitors because of its many picturesque temples. Such temples are characteristic of Buddhist art and architecture. More and more, hikers and mountain climbers are using Katmandu as a major base for expeditions to Mount Everest.

What Are Their Lives Like?

The Mugali earn their living in different ways depending on where they live. Because farmable land is in short supply in the mountain areas, the Mugali living there do little agricultural work. Most make their living by trading, weaving, or raishing livestock. In the main bazaars there are a number of wealthy Mugali.

The Mugali homes are quite unique. Because they settle in mountainous areas, they build their three-storied houses out of wood and stone. The flat roofs are made of wood, then covered with a mud mixture. Each story consists of a single room with no windows. There is a door on each floor and there are small holes in the walls for ventilation.

The ground floor, called the goth, is where the livestock are kept. The next level, or chhipra, contains their store of grain and salt. The upper floor, or koga, is used as a living room and kitchen. A notched ladder provides access between floors.

Mugali families are large. In the past, parents arranged marriages for their children at age 5 or 6. The ceremony would take place when the children grew to be 15 or 16 years old. Young people would have no choice about whom they would marry. Today, however, this practice seems to be in a transition stage.

Lhosar is the main festival of the Mugali, and it is celebrated twice a year. At the end of December, they celebrate the aunsi, or "dark moon." A second lhosar festival is held again at the end of February. These festivals are times of singing and dancing. While dancing, the married males wear white turbans, and the married females wear a particular type of golden ornament.

What Are Their Beliefs?

Although Nepal is the only official Hindu state in the world, the Mugali are Buddhists. Buddhists believe that life consists of suffering caused by the desire for existence. They also believe that in following "The Eightfold Path," they can alleviate suffering and achieve enlightenment.

Most of the Mugali village priests are also farmers, unlike the typical monks who serve in other Buddhist sects. They worship a god named Chamdendae, which is a four-legged creature holding a flower and a prayer rosary.

What Are Their Needs?

Nepal has long been hidden away and forgotten by most of the world. The government of Nepal is opposed to any form of proselytizing; and so government restrictions apply, but most of the time Christians can follow their religion. There are more problems from family members than from the government.

The Mugali are one of the most isolated people groups in the world, both geographically and spiritually.

The Mugali have had no chance to hear the wonderful news that Jesus Christ came to set them free. Who is willing to take the Gospel to them?

Prayer Points

* Scripture Prayers for the Mugal in Nepal.

* Pray that the doors of Nepal will soon open to missionaries.
* Pray for those Christians who have spent time in jail in Nepal for the Gospel, and have suffered for the name of Jesus.
* Ask the Lord to open the hearts of Nepal's leaders to the Truth so that they will change the laws that restrict the preaching of the Gospel.
* Ask the Lord to call people who are willing to go to Nepal and share Christ with the Mugali.
* Ask the Holy Spirit to soften the hearts of the Mugali towards Christians so that they will be receptive to the Gospel.
* Ask the Lord to raise up a strong local church among the Mugali.

Profile Source:   Bethany World Prayer Center  

Additional Info
Global Prayer Digest: 2010-08-11
People Name General Mugal
People Name in Country Mugal
World Population 300
Total Countries 1
Indigenous Yes
Progress Scale 1
Unreached Yes
Frontier People Group Yes
GSEC 1  (per
Pioneer Workers Needed 1
Alternate Names Kham; Khan; Mugali Tamang; Mugu; मुगलई
People ID 13854
ROP3 Code 106861
Country Nepal
Region Asia, South
Continent Asia
10/40 Window Yes
National Bible Society Website
Persecution Rank 32  (Open Doors top 50 rank, 1 = highest persecution ranking)
Location in Country Originally from Mugu Village. Most now live in Gamgadhi, Mugu’s neighboring district Jumla, and in Kathmandu.   Source:  Field worker
Total States on file 2
Largest States
Specialized Website South Asia Peoples
Country Nepal
Region Asia, South
Continent Asia
10/40 Window Yes
National Bible Society Website
Persecution Rank 32  (Open Doors top 50 rank, 1 = highest persecution ranking)
Location in Country Originally from Mugu Village. Most now live in Gamgadhi, Mugu’s neighboring district Jumla, and in Kathmandu..   Source:  Field worker
Total States 2
  Gandaki 200
  Bagmati 100
Website South Asia Peoples
Primary Language Nepali (200 speakers)
Language Code npi   Ethnologue Listing
Language Written Yes   ScriptSource Listing
Total Languages 2
Secondary Languages
Primary Language Nepali (200 speakers)
Language Code npi   Ethnologue Listing
Total Languages 2
Secondary Languages
  Mugom 100
People Groups Speaking Nepali

Primary Language:  Nepali

Bible Translation Status  (Years)
Bible-Portions Yes  (1850-1961)
Bible-New Testament Yes  (1821-2010)
Bible-Complete Yes  (1914-2012)
Bible-NT Audio Online
Bible-NT Text Online
Possible Print Bibles
Forum Bible Agencies
National Bible Societies
World Bible Finder
World Bibles
Resource Type Resource Name
Audio Recordings Audio Bible teaching (GRN)
Audio Recordings Online New Testament (FCBH)
Audio Recordings Online Scripture (Talking Bibles)
Audio Recordings Story of Jesus audio (Jesus Film Project)
Film / Video Following Jesus (India, JF Project)
Film / Video God's Story Video
Film / Video Jesus Film: view in Nepali
Film / Video Magdalena (Jesus Film Project)
Film / Video My Last Day (Jesus Film Project Anime)
Film / Video New Way (Naya Goreto)
Film / Video Story of Jesus for Children (JF Project)
Film / Video The Hope Video
Film / Video Until We Met
General Got Questions Ministry
Text / Printed Matter Bible: Comic Book Version (SuperBible)
Text / Printed Matter Bible: नेपाली - Nepali
Text / Printed Matter Bibles, Bible League
Text / Printed Matter EasyBibles
Text / Printed Matter International Bible Society
Text / Printed Matter Jesus Messiah comic book
Primary Religion: Buddhism
Major Religion Percent *
77.56 %
Christianity  (Evangelical 0.00 %)
0.00 %
Ethnic Religions
0.00 %
9.62 %
0.00 %
0.00 %
Other / Small
0.00 %
12.82 %
Photo Source Copyrighted © 2020  Peoples of the Buddhist World, Asia Harvest  All rights reserved.  Used with permission
Map Source People Group Location: Omid. Other geography / data: GMI. Map Design: Joshua Project  
Profile Source Bethany World Prayer Center  
Data Sources Data is compiled from various sources. Read more
* Religion Values From latest Nepal census data.  Current values may differ.