Mogum in Chad

The Mogum have only been reported in Chad
Main Language
Largest Religion
Progress Gauge

Expanded PDF Profile

Introduction / History

Chad became independent from France in 1960. Unfortunately, since that date Chad has seen a series of civil wars, the assassinations and arrests of political leaders, coups and wars with Libya and Sudan. A quarter of Chad’s income is aid from the UN, NGOs, France, China, and the USA. International agencies consider Chad to be a failed state. Less than 40% of the people are able to read and write. Life expectancy in Chad is under 50 years old. In 2003 Chad became an oil exporting nation. Most of the revenue from the oil went to buying weapons and for the salaries of the Chadian military, not for the welfare of the Chadian people. The Mogum people live in south central Chad in a dry grassland region.

What Are Their Lives Like?

The Mogum make their houses of mud bricks and have straw roofs. There is no electricity. Their clothing is mostly traditional Muslim, long robes. They are farmers, hunters, and gatherers. Draughts are common in this region. Lack of rain can lead to the failure of the Mogums’ crops and death of their animals. The youth help with farming, and girls also help with housework and childcare. The Arabs sell them milk and meat in exchange for peanuts, grains and cotton. The staple foods of the Mogum are millet, maize and beans. Elders rule the Mogum villages. The Mogum marry within their group. Families arrange marriages with girls often marrying young. Sons inherit the property of their fathers. Parent often have many children. A large percentage of children die before their tenth birthday due to the lack of access to modern medicine and clean water.

What Are Their Beliefs?

The Mogoum are virtually all Sunni Muslim. Their commitment and identification with Islam make them resistant to change of religious preference. The Mogum practice Islam along with their belief in folk religion. They believe that spirits inhabit the objects of nature. These spirits are often evil and can bring harm to the Mogum if the spirits are not appeased. Sunni Muslims try to obey the teachings of the Koran and the prophet Mohammad. Sunnis believe that by following the Five Pillars of Islam that they will attain heaven when they die. However, Allah, the supreme God of the universe, determines who enters paradise. Sunnis pray five times a day facing Mecca. They fast the month of Ramadan. They attend mosque services on Friday. If a Muslim has the means, he or she will make a pilgrimage to Mecca once in his or her lifetime. Muslims are also prohibited from drinking alcohol, eating pork, gambling, stealing, using deceit, slandering, and making idols. The two main holidays for Sunni Muslims are Eid al Fitr, the breaking of the monthly fast and Eid al Adha, the celebration of Abraham’s willingness to sacrifice his son to Allah. A small fraction of the Mogum claim to be followers of Jesus.

What Are Their Needs?

The Mogum need regular sources of clean water. They need wells and access to modern medicine. Solar panels can bring electricity to the Mogum so they can charge their cell phones and run appliances. Teachers can come to the Mogum and establish schools in their villages. Christians with the right skills can help them with all of these needs. The Mogum need to hear and understand the message of Jesus Christ. He alone can forgive their sins and grant them eternal life. Pray Items Ask the Lord to send workers to the Mogum who can share the gospel with them. Pray the Mogum gain access to schools, electricity and modern medicine. Pray that Christian resources are translated into the Mogum language. Pray that the Lord raises up a church planting movement among the Mogum of Chad.

Prayer Points

Scripture Prayers for the Mogum in Chad.

Profile Source:   Joshua Project  
Expanded PDF Profile

People Name General Mogum
People Name in Country Mogum
Population this Country 21,000
Population all Countries 21,000
Total Countries 1
Indigenous Yes
Progress Scale 1
Unreached Yes
Frontier People Group No
GSEC 0  (per
Pioneer Workers Needed 1
Alternate Names Koffa
People ID 13762
ROP3 Code 106709
Country Chad
Region Africa, West and Central
Continent Africa
10/40 Window Yes
Persecution Rank Not ranked
Location in Country Guéra region: Guéra department, Bitkine and Mongo subprefectures; Barh Signaka department, Melfi subprefecture, south of Bidiyo [bid] language area.   Source:  Ethnologue 2016
Country Chad
Region Africa, West and Central
Continent Africa
10/40 Window Yes
Persecution Rank Not ranked
Location in Country Guéra region: Guéra department, Bitkine and Mongo subprefectures; Barh Signaka department, Melfi subprefecture, south of Bidiyo [bid] language area..   Source:  Ethnologue 2016
Primary Language Mogum
Language Code mou   Ethnologue Listing
Language Written Yes   ScriptSource Listing
Total Languages 1
Primary Language Mogum
Language Code mou   Ethnologue Listing
Total Languages 1
People Groups Speaking Mogum

Primary Language:  Mogum

Bible Translation Status:  Translation Started

Resource Type Resource Name Source
None reported  
Primary Religion: Islam
Major Religion Percent
0.00 %
Christianity  (Evangelical 1.00 %)
2.00 %
Ethnic Religions
3.00 %
0.00 %
95.00 %
0.00 %
Other / Small
0.00 %
0.00 %
Christian Segments Percent
0.0 %
2.0 %
0.0 %
Other Christian
18.0 %
55.0 %
Roman Catholic
25.0 %
Map Source Anonymous  
Profile Source Joshua Project  
Data Sources Data is compiled from various sources. Read more