Ladakhi in China


Population
3,400
Main Language
Largest Religion
Christian
Evangelical
Progress
Progress Gauge


The Ladakhi

Source:  Asia Harvest      Download

Identity

The Ladakhi are a Tibetan group, but they have major linguistic and historical differences from their counterparts in Tibet. The closely related Nubra people group are also found in China.


History

Leh, the capital of Ladakh, was the home of an independent Ladakhi monarchy for a thousand years. Today a Ladakhi royal family still exists in Leh, but their influence has been merely symbolic since the independence of India in 1947. The Ladakhi royal family trace their lineage back to the legendary King Nya Tri Tsanpo who ruled in the third century BC.


Customs

Life for the Ladakhi is hard. Hidden away in the highest mountains in the world, the region sees little rainfall - no more than three inches per year. Farmers rely on melted snow to water their crops. Winter temperatures remain constant at minus 30C (-22F).


Religion

The Ladakhi share the beliefs of their Tibetan neighbors. Tibetan Buddhism, mixed with images of ferocious demons from the pre-Buddhist Bon religion, has been the stronghold in Ladakh for more than a thousand years. Traces of influence from the dark, distant past are found in the demonic masks and reenactments of human sacrifices that make up their festivals. The Ladakhi believe hell is a miserably cold place.


Christianity

The first Christians to the Ladakhi were probably Nestorian traders in the eighth century. Georgian crosses have been found inscribed on boulders in Ladakh. In 1642 a Portuguese priest, Antonio de Andrade, established a base near present-day Zanda. The mission was torn down soon after by the king of Ladakh. The Moravians commenced work in Ladakh in 1856 and by 1922 numbered 158 converts. They reported, "There is no very active opposition to Christian work. ... The people are very willing to accept anything we can give them in the way of medicine, education, or even Scriptures and religious tracts." Although the Moravians are still working among the Ladakhi in India, there are no known Christians among the small number of Ladakhi in Tibet.


Profile Source:   Operation China, Paul Hattaway  Copyrighted ©   Used with permission  

Prayer / Resource Links:
Global Prayer Digest: 2007-08-22
Global Prayer Digest: 2010-08-06
People Name General Ladakhi
People Name in Country Ladakhi
Population in China 3,400
World Population 3,700
Total Countries 2
Indigenous Yes
Unreached Yes
Pioneer Workers Needed 1 to 2
Progress Scale 1
GSEC 1  (per PeopleGroups.org)
Alternate Names Budhi, Hanu, Kaixien, Ladahk, Ladak, Ladakh, Ladaphi, Ladhakhi, Ladwags, Leh, Lodak, Lodokhi, Mangrik, Mon, Moravian Christian, लड़ाखी (क्रिस्चियन ट्रेडिशन्स)
People ID 12939
ROP3 Code 105559
Country China
Region Northeast Asia
Continent Asia
10/40 Window Yes
Persecution Rank 39  (Open Doors top 50 rank, 1 = highest persecution ranking)
Location in Country The Global Evangelization Movement lists a 1995 population of 2,445 Ladakhi in Tibet. Their inclusion in China was unplanned and outside of their control. Before 1949 all Ladakhi lived in India. The Chinese invaded northern Ladakh in 1949, annexing 38,000 square kilometers (14,820 sq. mi.) of the Aksai Chin region in remote Himalayan territory. Those mountain passes near the China-India border have claimed the lives of many men and beasts. Bleached human and animal bones mark the trail like signposts at regular intervals. Approximately 100,000 Ladakhi live on the Indian side of the border. The Aksai Chin area is so remote that the Indian government did not discover the Chinese had constructed a road there until two years after it was completed.   Source:  Operation China, 2000
Country China
Region Northeast Asia
Continent Asia
10/40 Window Yes
Persecution Rank 39  (Open Doors top 50 rank, 1 = highest persecution ranking)
Location in Country The Global Evangelization Movement lists a 1995 population of 2,445 Ladakhi in Tibet. Their inclusion in China was unplanned and outside of their control. Before 1949 all Ladakhi lived in India. The Chinese invaded northern Ladakh in 1949, annexing 38,000 square kilometers (14,820 sq. mi.) of the Aksai Chin region in remote Himalayan territory. Those mountain passes near the China-India border have claimed the lives of many men and beasts. Bleached human and animal bones mark the trail like signposts at regular intervals. Approximately 100,000 Ladakhi live on the Indian side of the border. The Aksai Chin area is so remote that the Indian government did not discover the Chinese had constructed a road there until two years after it was completed..   Source:  Operation China, 2000
Primary Language Ladakhi
Language Code lbj   Ethnologue Listing
Primary Dialect Shamma
Dialect Code 12659   Global Recordings Listing
Language Written Yes   ScriptSource Listing
Total Languages 2
Secondary Languages
Changthang
People Groups Speaking Ladakhi
Primary Language Ladakhi
Language Code lbj   Ethnologue Listing
Primary Dialect Shamma
Dialect Code 12659   Global Recordings Listing
Total Languages 2
Secondary Languages
  Changthang
People Groups Speaking Ladakhi

Primary Language:  Ladakhi

Bible Translation Status  (Years)
Bible-Portions Yes   (1904-1919)
Bible-New Testament Yes
Bible-Complete Yes   (1948)
Possible Print Bibles
Amazon
Forum of Bible Agencies
Gospel Go
World Bible Finder
World Bibles
Resource Type Resource Name
Audio Recordings Audio Bible teaching (GRN)
Audio Recordings Oral Bible stories in Ladakhi
Audio Recordings Story of Jesus audio (Jesus Film Project)
Film / Video Jesus Film: view in Ladakhi
Text / Printed Matter Ladakhi Scripture downloads, and other resources
Text / Printed Matter Online Bible (Bibles India)
Primary Religion: Buddhism
Religion Subdivision: Tibetan
Major Religion Percent *
Buddhism
80.00 %
Christianity  (Evangelical 0.00 %)
0.00 %
Ethnic Religions
19.00 %
Hinduism
0.00 %
Islam
0.00 %
Non-Religious
1.00 %
Other / Small
0.00 %
Unknown
0.00 %
Christian Segments Percent
Anglican
Unknown
Independent
Unknown
Orthodox
Unknown
Other Christian
Unknown
Protestant
Unknown
Roman Catholic
Unknown
Photo Source Copyrighted © 2017  Operation China, Paul Hattaway  All rights reserved.  Used with permission
Map Source Joshua Project / GMI / IMB  
Video Source Asia Harvest
Profile Source Operation China, Paul Hattaway  Copyrighted ©   Used with permission  
Data Sources Data is compiled from various sources. Read more


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