In their homeland of India, they were originally called Dom, meaning man. Later, Dom developed into Rom. Today, they prefer to be called Romani in Europe; but in the Middle East and North Africa, many still refer to themselves as 'Dom' or 'Domi'. Here, the term 'Dom' will be used for this people group found in the Middle East, and 'Romani' will be used as a general, more recognizable designation for the larger people group. There are many fascinating folk tales about their origins that are still passed down from generation to generation.
Originally coming from India, the Romani are now scattered throughout the world. Little is known today about the lives of the 2 to 3 million Dom who live in European countries. This is largely due to the closed communities they maintain. Too often Romani people hide their identity on purpose from government workers. They do this to protect themselves, but it also keeps them marginalized wherever they live.
Today, communities of Romani are located in the Middle East, the Americas and Europe. For example, the Irish Traveler Romani live in Ireland. They speak English, but some also speak their traditional language of Shelta.
Romani lifestyles vary widely. There are those who maintain a nomadic lifestyle. They offer their services as entertainers, musicians, or metal workers to other nomadic groups. Also included in the nomadic lifestyle are Romani migrant workers. They harvest crops. Some support themselves as craftsmen, peddlers, fortunetellers and dancers in city streets. The Irish Travelers are known for their music and storytelling.
The Romani people tend to adopt the dominant religion of their host country, so many Romani people in Ireland would consider themselves Catholic. Romani people usually consider religion a personal matter, and they are hesitant to talk about it with anyone, especially outsiders. Superstition and "the good elements" of many religious systems make up the nature of their beliefs. Spiritism is dominant in their thinking as to why things happen in the world. They strongly fear evil spirits and curses. Romani fortunetellers offer to make clients a potion that will ward off curses.
In almost all of the countries they live in, their rudimentary command of the local language and limited use of written documents have contributed to their political powerlessness. Some who have settled are in transition, as they seek to become a part of the social systems around them. In an effort to fit in, they may abandon the traditional clothing, tattooing, dancing and fortune telling that are part of the Romani lifestyle. They may even deny their ethnic identity.
Regardless of their efforts to assimilate into the mainstream society, the Dom rarely have official status or citizenship in their country of residence. Their efforts to remain anonymous often leaves them without an official birth certificate or any other essential ID. The concept of owning land is not inherent to the nomadic Romani world view, and they find it difficult to adjust to such an outlook. Few families own the plots of land on which they locate their settlements or camps. Therefore, they are often subjected to forced relocation.
Pray for the Lord to direct Romani leaders to lead their people into ways of life that benefit all people concerned.
Pray for Romani people to understand the supremacy of Christ, who is far above any "good" elements of existing religious systems.
Pray for the Lord to thrust out Christ’s ambassadors who can earn their trust and lead them to the cross.
Pray that soon Romani disciples will make more disciples.
Pray for the Lord to use nomadic Romani people as preachers of the Word of God and disciplers.
Scripture Prayers for the Romani, Irish Traveller in Ireland.
Middle East Resources
|Profile Source: Joshua Project|
|People Name General||Romani, Irish Traveller|
|People Name in Country||Romani, Irish Traveller|
|Natural Name||Irish Traveller Romani|
|Population this Country||23,000|
|Population all Countries||23,000|
|Progress Scale||3 ●|
|Frontier People Group||No|
|Pioneer Workers Needed|
Primary Language: English
|Bible Translation ▲||Status (Years)|
|Bible-New Testament||Yes (1380-2011)|
|Possible Print Bibles|
|Forum Bible Agencies|
|National Bible Societies|
|World Bible Finder|
|Resource Type ▲||Resource Name||Source|
|Audio Recordings||Audio Bible teaching||Global Recordings Network|
|Audio Recordings||Online Audio Scripture||Talking Bibles|
|Audio Recordings||Oral Bible stories||Story Runners|
|Audio Recordings||Story of Jesus audio||Jesus Film Project|
|Film / Video||Following Jesus video||Jesus Film Project|
|Film / Video||God's Story video||God's Story|
|Film / Video||Jesus Film: view in English||Jesus Film Project|
|Film / Video||LUMO film of Gospels||Bible Media Group/LUMO|
|Film / Video||Magdalena video||Jesus Film Project|
|Film / Video||My Last Day video, anime||Jesus Film Project|
|Film / Video||Rivka video||Jesus Film Project|
|Film / Video||Story of Jesus for Children||Jesus Film Project|
|Film / Video||The Hope Video||Mars Hill Media|
|Film / Video||Walking with Jesus video||Jesus Film Project|
|General||Bible for Children||Bible for Children|
|General||Faith Comes By Hearing - Bible in text, audio, video||Faith Comes by Hearing|
|General||Four Spiritual Laws||Campus Crusade for Christ|
|General||Gospel resources links||Scripture Earth|
|General||YouVersion Bible versions in text and/or audio||YouVersion Bibles|
|General||Zume Resources||Zume Project|
|General||Zume Training||Zume Project|
|Mobile App||Android Bible app: English||YouVersion Bibles|
|Mobile App||Download audio Bible app as APK file||Faith Comes by Hearing|
|Mobile App||Download audio Bible app from Google Play Store||Faith Comes by Hearing|
|Mobile App||iOS Bible app: English||YouVersion Bibles|