Haruku in Indonesia

The Haruku have only been reported in Indonesia
Main Language
Largest Religion
Progress Gauge

Introduction / History

Indonesia is the fourth most populous nation in the world and continues to grow rapidly. It has more than 750 distinct people groups, many of whom are Muslim. Located in southeastern Asia, the many islands of Indonesia command vital sea routes between Australia, Europe, and the Asian mainland. These islands are the link between the Pacific and Indian Oceans.

The Haruku are located on a tiny island in the Moluccas ("Spice") Islands. This chain of islands is located in the eastern portion of Indonesia and includes most of the islands between Sulawesi and New Guinea, and between Timor and the Philippines. The population is mostly of Malayan origin. The northern islands within the chain are Halmahera (the largest of the Moluccas), Morotai, Ternate, Tidore, Makian, Bacan (Batjan), Obi, and Sula. The central and southern islands include Buru, Ceram, Ambon, the Banda Islands, Kai (Ewab), Aru, Tanimbar, Babar, Kisar, and Wetar.

What Are Their Lives Like?

The cloves of the northern Moluccas and the nutmeg of the central islands were traded in Asia long before Europeans heard of the Spice Islands. With the arrival of the Portuguese in 1511, many decades of conflict began. The struggles for control of the region caused great loss of life during this period. The victorious Dutch earned large profits, but by the end of the eighteenth century, the spice trade had greatly diminished. As a result, the Moluccas were no longer so desirable.

Indonesian culture is an inter-mixture of many diverse civilizations. The Hinduism and Buddhism of India exerted a profound influence on Indonesian life, leaving a strong imprint on the architecture and sculpture of the country. Arabic influence in Indonesia has been promoted since the thirteenth century, mainly through the teachings of Islam. The islands have also been affected by southeast Asian and Polynesian cultures, as well as by the influx of Chinese and Dutch peoples.

The climate of Indonesia is tropical, with two monsoon seasons: a wet season from November to March and a dry season from June to October. The weather is more moderate between monsoons. The rich volcanic soil of Indonesia is ideal for growing crops; forests flourish and cover about two-thirds of the land.

Earthquakes are frequent in the Moluccas, and most of the islands are mountainous. Several islands, especially Ternate and Banda, have active volcanoes. The Tanimbar and Aru island groups, however, are low and swampy. The climate of the Moluccas is tropical, with rainfall varying from 80 to 150 inches annually in various locations. In some areas, the evergreen rain forests that formerly covered most of the islands have been leveled, and the land is now cultivated. There are also patches of open savanna, and the coasts are often fringed with mangrove swamps.

Christianity and Islam are the dominant faiths in the coastal areas, but in the interior most people are animists (believing that non-human objects have spirits). Food is obtained by hunting, fishing, and collecting sago (a type of palm) starch. Coconuts are widely grown, and the main exports are copra (dried coconut meat which yields oil), forest products, spices, and fish.

What Are Their Beliefs?

Freedom of religion is guaranteed by the Indonesian constitution. Islam, in various forms, is the most dominant faith of the country. In fact, Indonesia is the largest Islamic community in the world. Although the Haruku are nearly all Muslim, a small percentage have become Christians.

What Are Their Needs?

The Haruku do not have any Christian resources available in their own language. Fervent intercession and further missions work will need to be undertaken to strengthen the believers and see the people on this remote island reached with the Gospel.

Prayer Points

* Scripture Prayers for the Haruku in Indonesia.

* Ask the Lord of the harvest to send forth laborers to the Haruku of Indonesia.
* Pray that God will give the Haruku believers boldness to share Christ with their own people.
* Ask God to raise up prayer teams who will begin breaking up the soil through worship and intercession.
* Ask the Lord to bring forth a strong and growing Haruku church for the glory of His name!

Profile Source:   Bethany World Prayer Center  

People Name General Haruku
People Name in Country Haruku
Population this Country 28,000
Population all Countries 28,000
Total Countries 1
Indigenous Yes
Progress Scale 1
Unreached Yes
Frontier People Group No
GSEC 4  (per PeopleGroups.org)
Pioneer Workers Needed 1
Alternate Names
People ID 12066
ROP3 Code 103726
Country Indonesia
Region Asia, Southeast
Continent Asia
10/40 Window Yes
National Bible Society Website
Persecution Rank 47  (Open Doors top 50 rank, 1 = highest persecution ranking)
Location in Country Maluku Province. Haruku island, including Lease islands; between Ambon and Seram islands.   Source:  Ethnologue 2016
Country Indonesia
Region Asia, Southeast
Continent Asia
10/40 Window Yes
National Bible Society Website
Persecution Rank 47  (Open Doors top 50 rank, 1 = highest persecution ranking)
Location in Country Maluku Province. Haruku island, including Lease islands; between Ambon and Seram islands..   Source:  Ethnologue 2016
Primary Language Haruku (28,000 speakers)
Language Code hrk   Ethnologue Listing
Language Written Unknown
Total Languages 1
Primary Language Haruku (28,000 speakers)
Language Code hrk   Ethnologue Listing
Total Languages 1
People Groups Speaking Haruku

Primary Language:  Haruku

Bible Translation Status:  Unspecified

Resource Type Resource Name
None reported  
Primary Religion: Islam
Major Religion Percent
0.00 %
Christianity  (Evangelical 1.21 %)
4.00 %
Ethnic Religions
0.00 %
0.00 %
95.00 %
1.00 %
Other / Small
0.00 %
0.00 %
Christian Segments Percent
0.0 %
15.0 %
0.0 %
Other Christian
0.0 %
70.0 %
Roman Catholic
15.0 %
Photo Source Franc Le Blanc 
Map Source Bethany World Prayer Center  
Profile Source Bethany World Prayer Center  
Data Sources Data is compiled from various sources. Read more


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