Krio Fulani in Sierra Leone

The Krio Fulani have only been reported in Sierra Leone
Main Language
Largest Religion
Progress Gauge

Introduction / History

The Krio Fulani inhabit the western peninsula of Sierra Leone near Freetown, the country's capital. The area in which they live consists of heavily wooded mountains rising from coastal swamps. Annual rains can reach 200 inches, and the humidity is usually very high.

The Krio Fulani are of mixed ancestry. They are partially descended from freed African slaves who settled on the coast of Sierra Leone during the first half of the nineteenth century. These freed slaves intermarried with many groups already in the area, such as the Kru, the Mende, the Vai, the Mandinke, the Kissi, and the Europeans. The resulting mixture of cultures and languages eventually produced the Creole race. (Hence the term "Krio" in their name.)

The Fulani (Fula) people settled in the Fouta Djallon region of Sierra Leone nearly three hundred years ago and mixed with the people of the area. (Hence the term "Fula" in their name.)

What Are Their Lives Like?

The Krio Fulani are a relatively small people group, especially when compared with other Fulani subgroups. They are not of pure African origin, but rather, like other Fulani, are of Semitic descent. They are tall with lighter skin, straighter hair, and straighter noses than other African tribes of Sierra Leone.

The Krio Fulani are primarily skilled cattle farmers, with their lives depending upon and revolving around the cattle herds. The status of a family can be determined by the size and health of its cattle. The more a man knows about cattle raising, the greater respect he is given by the community.

Herding cattle is usually a male activity; however, the women milk and take care of the cattle. They also tend to the small livestock and poultry, cultivate gardens, and carry containers of milk and cheese to the local markets for sell or trade.

Most Krio Fulani also engage in some type of farming. They grow rice in the swamps on the peninsular coast, while millet, peanuts, and other vegetables are grown farther inland.

Krio Fulani villages are scattered, but each has a central court and a mosque. Together, these compose a miside (community). Each miside has a headman who handles village affairs and who answers to a chief. The homes of the settled Krio Fulani are round with mud walls and thatched roofs that projects over encircling porches. However, nomadic Krio Fulani live in simpler structures since they are so often moving with the herds. These houses have neither walls nor verandahs and are encircled by cattle corrals.

Daughters remain with their mothers until they marry. However, as soon as a son reaches puberty, he leaves the family compound and lives alone in a nearby compound, usually with some cattle. This new compound will be the home of the son and his future wife.

Surprisingly, they don’t eat the meat from the cattle except for ceremonial purposes. The "herd owner's feast" is one such ceremony. During this feast, they kill and eat a 10-year-old bull.

What Are Their Beliefs?

The Krio Fulani are largely Muslim, but many still follow their traditional beliefs. In their ancient religion, the nomadic herdsmen seem to find relevance for the experiences and dangers of their lifestyle. Some men practice herbal healings, divination, and magic. Fertility is prayed for as an important means of ensuring the supply of future herdsmen and milkmaids.

The Krio Fulani are expected to follow a code of high moral behavior known as Pulaaku. Pulaaku extols virtues such as kindness, bravery, patience, tolerance, perseverance, honesty, diligence, generosity, and dignity. To be reserved is part of being dignified; thus, they are shy and modest in public. A mother does not show affection to her infant son. In fact, she never even calls her firstborn by his name all throughout his life.

What Are Their Needs?

The efforts to evangelize the Krio Fulani have only resulted in a very few becoming Christians. Further prayer and evangelism are needed to open the hearts and minds of the Krio Fulani to the Gospel of Christ.

Prayer Points

Ask the Holy Spirit to grant wisdom and favor to any mission agencies focusing on the Krio Fulani.

Pray that God will strengthen, protect, and grant boldness to the few Krio Fulani believers.

Ask God to raise up intercessors who will stand in the gap for the Krio Fulani.

Pray for a church planting movement among the Krio Fulani.

Scripture Prayers for the Fulani, Krio in Sierra Leone.

Profile Source:   Joshua Project  

Additional Info
Fulani profile for Children and Family Missions Activities
Global Prayer Digest: 2011-02-04
Global Prayer Digest: 2018-02-15
Link Up Africa
People Name General Fulani, Krio
People Name in Country Fulani, Krio
Natural Name Krio Fulani
Pronunciation CREE-oh foo-LAH-nee
Population this Country 63,000
Population all Countries 63,000
Total Countries 1
Indigenous Yes
Progress Scale 1
Unreached Yes
Frontier People Group No
GSEC 1  (per
Pioneer Workers Needed 1
Alternate Names
People ID 11245
ROP3 Code 105311
Country Sierra Leone
Region Africa, West and Central
Continent Africa
10/40 Window No
National Bible Society Website
Persecution Rank Not ranked
Location in Country Widespread but especially north.   Source:  Ethnologue 2016
Country Sierra Leone
Region Africa, West and Central
Continent Africa
10/40 Window No
National Bible Society Website
Persecution Rank Not ranked
Location in Country Widespread but especially north..   Source:  Ethnologue 2016
Primary Language Pular (63,000 speakers)
Language Code fuf   Ethnologue Listing
Primary Dialect Krio Fula
Dialect Code 9953   Global Recordings Listing
Language Written Yes   ScriptSource Listing
Total Languages 1
Primary Language Pular (63,000 speakers)
Language Code fuf   Ethnologue Listing
Primary Dialect Krio Fula
Dialect Code 9953   Global Recordings Listing
Total Languages 1
People Groups Speaking Pular

Primary Language:  Pular

Bible Translation Status  (Years)
Bible-Portions Yes  (1929-2011)
Bible-New Testament Yes  (2011)
Bible-Complete No
Bible-NT Audio Online
Bible-NT Text Online
Possible Print Bibles
World Bibles
Forum Bible Agencies
National Bible Societies
World Bible Finder
Virtual Storehouse
Resource Type Resource Name Source
Audio Recordings Audio Bible teaching Global Recordings Network
Audio Recordings Online New Testament Faith Comes by Hearing
Audio Recordings Story of Jesus audio Jesus Film Project
Film / Video Jesus Film: view in Pular Jesus Film Project
Film / Video LUMO film of Gospels Bible Media Group/LUMO
Film / Video The Prophets' Story Create International
General Bible for Children Bible for Children
General Gospel resources links Scripture Earth
Mobile App Download audio Bible app as APK file Faith Comes by Hearing
Mobile App Download audio Bible app from Google Play Store Faith Comes by Hearing
Text / Printed Matter Bible: Pular YouVersion Bibles
Text / Printed Matter Download scripture in this language
Primary Religion: Islam
Major Religion Percent
0.00 %
Christianity  (Evangelical 0.10 %)
0.50 %
Ethnic Religions
5.00 %
0.00 %
90.00 %
4.50 %
Other / Small
0.00 %
0.00 %
Christian Segments Percent
0.0 %
15.0 %
0.0 %
Other Christian
0.0 %
75.0 %
Roman Catholic
10.0 %
Photo Source Reformed World Missions 
Map Source Bethany World Prayer Center  
Profile Source Joshua Project  
Data Sources Data is compiled from various sources. Read more