Krio Fulani in Sierra Leone

The Fulani, Krio have only been reported in Sierra Leone
Main Language
Largest Religion
Progress Gauge

Introduction / History

The Krio Fula inhabit the western peninsula of Sierra Leone near Freetown, the country's capital. The area in which they live consists of heavily wooded mountains rising from coastal swamps. Annual rains can reach 200 inches, and the humidity is usually very high.

The Krio Fula are of mixed ancestry. They are partially descended from freed African slaves who settled on the coast of Sierra Leone during the first half of the nineteenth century. These freed slaves intermarried with many groups already in the area, such as the Kru, the Mende, the Vai, the Mandinke, the Kissi, and the Europeans. The resulting mixture of cultures and languages eventually produced the Creole race. (Hence the term "Krio" in their name.)

The Fulani (Fula) people settled in the Fouta Djallon region of Sierra Leone nearly three hundred years ago, and mixed with the people of the area. (Hence the term "Fula" in their name.)

What Are Their Lives Like?

The Krio Fula are a relatively small people group, numbering about 50,000. Their language, also called Krio Fula, belongs to the Niger-Congo language family. They are not of pure African origin, but rather, like other Fulani, are of Semitic descent. They are tall with lighter skin, straighter hair, and straighter noses than other African tribes of Sierra Leone.

The Krio Fula are primarily skilled cattle farmers, with their lives depending upon and revolving around the cattle herds. The status of a family can be determined by the size and health of its cattle. The more a man knows about cattle raising, the greater respect he is given by the community.

Herding cattle is usually a male activity; however, the women milk and take care of the cattle. They also tend to the small livestock and poultry, cultivate gardens, and carry containers of milk and cheese to the local markets for sell or trade.

Most Krio Fula also engage in some type of farming. Rice is cultivated in the swamps on the peninsular coast, while millet, peanuts, and other vegetables are grown farther inland.

Krio Fula villages are scattered, but each has a central court and a mosque. Together, these compose a miside (community). Each miside has a headman who handles village affairs and who answers to a chief. The homes of the settled Krio Fula are round with mud walls and thatched roofs that projects over encircling porches. However, nomadic Krio Fula live in simpler structures, since they are so often moving with the herds. These houses have neither walls nor verandahs, and are encircled by cattle corrals.

Daughters remain with their mothers until they marry. However, as soon as a son reaches puberty, he leaves the family compound and lives alone in a nearby compound, usually with some cattle. This new compound will be the home of the son and his future wife.

What Are Their Beliefs?

The Krio Fula are largely Muslim, but many still follow their traditional beliefs. In their ancient religion, the nomadic herdsmen seem to find relevance for the experiences and dangers of their lifestyle.

Some men practice herbal healings, divination, and magic. Fertility is prayed for as an important means of ensuring the supply of future herdsmen and milkmaids.

Meat from the cattle is not eaten by the Krio Fula, except for ceremonial purposes. The "herd owner's feast" is one such ceremony. During this feast, a bull that has served ten seasons is presented, killed, and eaten.

What Are Their Needs?

The efforts to evangelize the Krio Fula have only resulted in a very few becoming Christians. Further prayer and evangelism are needed to open the hearts and minds of the Krio Fula to the Gospel of Christ.

Prayer Points

* Scripture Prayers for the Fulani, Krio in Sierra Leone.

* Ask the Holy Spirit to grant wisdom and favor to any missions agencies focusing on the Krio Fula.
* Pray that God will strengthen, protect, and grant boldness to the few Krio Fula believers.
* Ask God to raise up intercessors who will stand in the gap for the Krio Fula.
* Pray that strong local churches will be raised up among the Krio Fula.

Profile Source:   Bethany World Prayer Center  

Additional Info
Fulani profile for Children and Family Missions Activities
Global Prayer Digest: 2011-02-04
Global Prayer Digest: 2018-02-15
Link Up Africa
People Name General Fulani, Krio
People Name in Country Fulani, Krio
Natural Name Krio Fulani
Population this Country 60,000
Population all Countries 60,000
Total Countries 1
Indigenous Yes
Progress Scale 1
Unreached Yes
Frontier People Group No
GSEC 1  (per
Pioneer Workers Needed 1
Alternate Names
People ID 11245
ROP3 Code 105311
Country Sierra Leone
Region Africa, West and Central
Continent Africa
10/40 Window No
National Bible Society Website
Persecution Rank Not ranked
Location in Country Widespread but especially north.   Source:  Ethnologue 2016
Country Sierra Leone
Region Africa, West and Central
Continent Africa
10/40 Window No
National Bible Society Website
Persecution Rank Not ranked
Location in Country Widespread but especially north..   Source:  Ethnologue 2016
Primary Language Pular (60,000 speakers)
Language Code fuf   Ethnologue Listing
Primary Dialect Krio Fula
Dialect Code 9953   Global Recordings Listing
Language Written Yes   ScriptSource Listing
Total Languages 1
Primary Language Pular (60,000 speakers)
Language Code fuf   Ethnologue Listing
Primary Dialect Krio Fula
Dialect Code 9953   Global Recordings Listing
Total Languages 1
People Groups Speaking Pular

Primary Language:  Pular

Bible Translation Status  (Years)
Bible-Portions Yes  (1929-2011)
Bible-New Testament Yes  (2011)
Bible-Complete No
Bible-NT Audio Online
Bible-NT Text Online
Possible Print Bibles
World Bibles
Forum Bible Agencies
National Bible Societies
World Bible Finder
Virtual Storehouse
Resource Type Resource Name
Audio Recordings Audio Bible teaching (GRN)
Audio Recordings Online New Testament (FCBH)
Audio Recordings Story of Jesus audio (Jesus Film Project)
Film / Video Jesus Film: view in Pular
Film / Video LUMO film of Gospels
Film / Video The Prophets' Story
Text / Printed Matter Bible: Pular
Text / Printed Matter Download scripture in this language
Text / Printed Matter Online Bible text (Scripture Earth)
Primary Religion: Islam
Major Religion Percent
0.00 %
Christianity  (Evangelical 0.10 %)
0.50 %
Ethnic Religions
5.00 %
0.00 %
90.00 %
4.50 %
Other / Small
0.00 %
0.00 %
Christian Segments Percent
0.0 %
15.0 %
0.0 %
Other Christian
0.0 %
75.0 %
Roman Catholic
10.0 %
Photo Source Reformed World Missions 
Map Source Bethany World Prayer Center  
Profile Source Bethany World Prayer Center  
Data Sources Data is compiled from various sources. Read more


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