Enrekang in Indonesia

The Enrekang have only been reported in Indonesia
Population
Main Language
Largest Religion
Christian
Evangelical
Progress
Progress Gauge

Introduction / History

The Enrekang are sometimes known as the Endekan or the East Endekan people. They live in the foothills around the regencies of Enrekang and Pinrang in the province of South Sulawesi.
The culture of the Enrekang has been influenced by its more populous and more powerful neighbors, the Toraja and Bugis people. The languages of Toraja and Bugis have influenced the Enrekang language and there are many similarities and a high degree of mutual intelligibility.


What Are Their Lives Like?

The Enrekang primarily make their living by farming. Their main crops are rice, fruits and gula aren (sap from the sugar palm tree that is made into a brown sugar). Rice is their staple food. They also raise domesticated livestock such as water buffalo, goats and chickens to meet their needs. Small scale farmers work the land using a share-cropping system.
Many Enrekang marriages are still arranged by the parents and family elders. For several years after their marriage, a new couple lives with the wife's family. Once established, the new family may move into their own house. The traditional Enrekang house is raised on stilts that are three meters high to protect from wild animal attacks. Both the walls and floors of the house are made from wooden planks. The enclosure below the house can also be used as a stall for livestock or as a storehouse.


What Are Their Beliefs?

The Enrekang are 100% Muslim. They believe that they will be judged according to their knowledge of the Koran (Islamic Holy Book) and the sum of their good deeds.
Despite their professed loyalty to Islam, many Enrekang are still influenced by traditional animistic beliefs and superstitions, combining the laws of traditional culture with Islamic law. They seek protection through magic, by either appeasing or controlling both good and bad spirits.
Burial ceremonies are still performed inside caves in the mountain slopes. Those accompanying the body must climb tall, steep mountainsides. They believe this ceremony frees the spirit of the deceased and gives it power to move to the next world.


What Are Their Needs?

Several of the farmers in South Sulawesi do not have sufficient farmland. They work the land of rich landowners, who then take a large percentage of the crop. Farming in the Enrekang area is not lucrative and as a result many Enrekang people leave the area to work as laborers in the cities and towns throughout Sulawesi and other parts of Indonesia. A greater range of jobs would help alleviate unemployment problems.
Portions of scripture are available in the Enrekang language, as well as the JESUS Film. Someone needs to get these resources into Enrekang families.


Prayer Points

Ask God to free the Enrekang from fear of the spirit world.
Pray for a hunger for a God who knows and loves them.
Ask God to send loving workers to the Enrekang to share the gospel with them and to help them develop businesses and diversify their economy.
Pray for opportunities to show the JESUS Film and for openness to its message.
Ask God to create a Church Planting Movement among the Enrekang to plant multiplying churches in each of their villages.


Scripture Prayers for the Enrekang in Indonesia.


Profile Source:   Joshua Project  

People Name General Enrekang
People Name in Country Enrekang
Alternate Names Kassa; Leta; Pattinjo
Population this Country 81,000
Population all Countries 81,000
Total Countries 1
Indigenous Yes
Progress Scale 1
Unreached Yes
Frontier People Group Yes
GSEC 1  (per PeopleGroups.org)
Pioneer Workers Needed 2
People ID 11143
ROP3 Code 102930
ROP25 Code 302334
ROP25 Name Enrekang
Country Indonesia
Region Asia, Southeast
Continent Asia
10/40 Window Yes
National Bible Society Website
Persecution Rank 42  (Open Doors top 50 rank, 1 = highest persecution ranking)
Location in Country Sulawesi Selatan Province, Enrekang and Pinrang regencies; Enrekang town area, west toward head of Mandar bay; into coastal area, Sulawesi Barat Province, Polewali Mandar regency.   Source:  Ethnologue 2016
Country Indonesia
Region Asia, Southeast
Continent Asia
10/40 Window Yes
National Bible Society Website
Persecution Rank 42  (Open Doors top 50 rank, 1 = highest persecution ranking)
Location in Country Sulawesi Selatan Province, Enrekang and Pinrang regencies; Enrekang town area, west toward head of Mandar bay; into coastal area, Sulawesi Barat Province, Polewali Mandar regency..   Source:  Ethnologue 2016
Map of Enrekang in Indonesia Ethnolinguistic map or other map

Primary Religion: Islam
Major Religion Percent
Buddhism
0.00 %
Christianity  (Evangelical 0.00 %)
0.00 %
Ethnic Religions
0.00 %
Hinduism
0.00 %
Islam
100.00 %
Non-Religious
0.00 %
Other / Small
0.00 %
Unknown
0.00 %
Primary Language Enrekang
Language Code ptt   Ethnologue Listing
Language Written Yes   ScriptSource Listing
Total Languages 2
Secondary Languages
Maiwa
Primary Language Enrekang
Language Code ptt   Ethnologue Listing
Total Languages 2
Secondary Languages
  Maiwa
People Groups Speaking Enrekang

Primary Language:  Enrekang

Bible Translation Status  (Years)
Bible-Portions Yes  (2020)
Bible-New Testament No
Bible-Complete No
Possible Print Bibles
Amazon
World Bibles
Forum Bible Agencies
National Bible Societies
World Bible Finder
Virtual Storehouse
Resource Type Resource Name Source
Film / Video Jesus Film: view in Enrekang Jesus Film Project
General Gospel resources links Scripture Earth
Photo Source Copyrighted © 2024  Herwin Bahar - Shutterstock  All rights reserved.  Used with permission
Map Source People Group location: IMB. Map geography: ESRI / GMI. Map design: Joshua Project.  
Profile Source Joshua Project 
Data Sources Data is compiled from various sources. Learn more.



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