Budik in Senegal

The Budik have only been reported in Senegal
Main Language
Largest Religion
Progress Gauge

Introduction / History

The Bedik people constitute an ethnic group that lives apart from society. One seldom meets a Bedik in political meetings or other popular gatherings. On the other hand, many Bedik join the army. Being accustomed to mountainous environment, they excel at climbing cliffs and walking long distances without getting tired.

Bedik girls' unique hair styles are characterized by one big plait on top of the head and several small plaits on the side. Aluminum rings and multicolored pearls adorn the plaits. Their ears are pierced with several holes, and each hole carries a ring of various colors. The nose is also pierced and decorated with a porcupine pin. On each wrist a young lady wears at least five bracelets.

The boys also wear distinctive adornment. Once circumcised, each boy begins to wear an earring and a knife at his waist. They claim the knife is not for defense, but as a working tool.

If a Bedik boy loves a young girl, he must obtain a kola nut, a calabash, and a handmade cloth two meters long and bring all these things to the girl's family. If the girl and her family are not interested, they will return everything in a couple of hours. However, if the family keeps the presents, this means that the girl loves him, too. The boy now has to prepare a dowry for his future in-laws: $50, one cow, one sheep, and one goat. Once accepted by the girl's family, the wedding ceremony will unite the two families and also the two villages. The bridegroom provides enough millet wine to satisfy all who attend. After the wedding, the girl's family will go back home and leave their daughter with her husband "for better, for worse".

The Bedik people eat mainly food based on millet accompanied by leaves from a baobab tree. They seldom use oil in their food. Rice is prepared when there are visitors. Visitors are always served separately. The Bedik people rarely use sugar in their food. They raise poultry, sheep and goats, but they sell them rather than using them for their own consumption.

The Bedik people drink millet wine, especially in times of ceremonies, like weddings. They also drink bissap, a drink based on sorrel flowers. They put hot pepper in it, and drink it without sugar.

The Bedik people are very respectful to their elders. Birthright is strictly respected. In Bedik society, the elders are always given first priority.

When hunters return with their game, for example, they give the elder first choice before sharing the game with the others.

During village meetings, the men sit by age groups. No young man would be bold enough to sit down among the elders.

What Are Their Beliefs?

The Bedik people traditionally believe in dialants, a heap of small stones near a wall or tree, where sacrifices are made and prayers are said regularly.

Few Bediks are Muslim. When asked why, they reply that the main reason is the dominant presence of Fulbe people in Islam. The Bedik and Fulbe peoples do not agree, because the cows, the sheep, and the goats of the Fulbe graze in and trample the fields of the Bedik farmers. Consequently, most of the Bedik people reject Islam and are more open to Christianity.

Prayer Points

Scripture Prayers for the Budik in Senegal.

Profile Source:   West Africa Gateway 

People Name General Budik
People Name in Country Budik
Alternate Names Tenda
Population this Country 6,000
Population all Countries 6,000
Total Countries 1
Indigenous Yes
Progress Scale 1
Unreached Yes
Frontier People Group No
GSEC 1  (per PeopleGroups.org)
Pioneer Workers Needed 1
People ID 10755
ROP3 Code 101190
ROP25 Code 301013
ROP25 Name Bedik (Budik)
Country Senegal
Region Africa, West and Central
Continent Africa
10/40 Window Yes
Persecution Rank Not ranked
Location in Country Kedougou region: Gambia river headwaters and Guinea border.   Source:  Ethnologue 2016
Country Senegal
Region Africa, West and Central
Continent Africa
10/40 Window Yes
Persecution Rank Not ranked
Location in Country Kedougou region: Gambia river headwaters and Guinea border..   Source:  Ethnologue 2016
Primary Religion: Ethnic Religions
Major Religion Percent
0.00 %
Christianity  (Evangelical 0.30 %)
1.00 %
Ethnic Religions
94.00 %
0.00 %
5.00 %
0.00 %
Other / Small
0.00 %
0.00 %
Primary Language Menik (6,000 speakers)
Language Code tnr   Ethnologue Listing
Language Written Yes   ScriptSource Listing
Total Languages 1
Primary Language Menik (6,000 speakers)
Language Code tnr   Ethnologue Listing
Total Languages 1
People Groups Speaking Menik
Photo Source NTM Senegal 
Map Source Bryan Nicholson / cartoMission  
Profile Source West Africa Gateway 
Data Sources Data is compiled from various sources. Learn more.

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