Awak in Nigeria

The Awak have only been reported in Nigeria
Main Language
Largest Religion
Progress Gauge

Introduction / History

The Awak are located in the southeast corner of Bauchi State in Nigeria. This district is well-watered, and the terrain varies from high plateaus to rich plains.

The Awak are a small tribe, speaking Awak, an Adamawa language. They use Hausa as a secondary or trade language.

Awak history tells us its people migrated from Yemen centuries ago. Over the years, the Awak resisted powerful forces, fighting and conquering various peoples. For many years, they could not be overpowered. Finally, during European colonization, the Awak were overthrown.

The Awak are closely related to the Tangale people who live west of them and with whom they share similarities in marriage customs, religious practices, music, and dances. The Awak also speak the same language and hold many of the same traditions as those of the Cham and Waja tribes.

What Are Their Lives Like?

Most Awak are farmers. Their principal crops are millet, maize, groundnuts, and guinea corn. Awak also engage in hunting, fishing, and trading. Men's responsibilities include hunting, tending to livestock, and doing most of the fishing; women are responsible for helping the men with farming, caring for the children, and performing domestic duties.

When compared to many other peoples in the region, the Awak are somewhat modernized. They desire an education for their children; however, due to the need for help on family farms, only some children attend schools, and those enrolled cannot always be present regularly. Primary schools are located in Awak and other villages, but there is no secondary school in the area.

The Awak are divided into clans and live in compact villages surrounded by walls or hedges. Huts are usually round with cone-shaped thatched roofs and mud walls.

Arranged marriages are typical in other African groups of this region, but the Awak allow a man to choose a wife for himself. He must pay the girl's family a "bride-price" which usually includes goats, a number of fowls, a necklace, and pieces of metal. He must also do farm work for the girl's father in order to "earn" his bride. On the wedding day, the bride takes her household utensils with her to the groom's house where the groom awaits to offer her the food he has prepared. The village then gathers for two days of festivities to finalize the marriage.

Seven days after the birth of a child, the child's father prepares food and takes it as an offering to the Lole who is the personification of an occult power. The priest or the parents of the child then name the infant. When a boy reaches the age of ten, he is taken to the priest to be blessed. After the blessing, the boy's relatives gather together to celebrate by holding a great feast.

The Awak have distinct tribal markings which are considered beautiful and which distinguish one tribe from another. Both men and women have lines cut into their skin that run down the front of both arms. Women also have a deep line from the center of the forehead to the end of the nose and more lines from the top of the head to the jaw-bone.

What Are Their Beliefs?

A majority of all Awak still follow their traditional religion. In this religion, each clan sets up a circular shrine in a cave. The clan then places buffalo horns all around. The people make sacrifices at the shrine and sprinkle blood on the buffalo horns to atone for their wrong-doings.

The priest (only an inherited title) prays to Yambah, "the supreme deity." The Awak believe evil-doers will be punished and those who have lived good lives will live in heaven with Yambah and his son.

What Are Their Needs?

The Awak have few Christian resources available to them. They need much prayer and intercession for the light of the Gospel to reach them.

Prayer Points

Ask the Lord to send forth laborers who understand the culture to work with the Awak.
Ask the Holy Spirit to grant wisdom and favor to missions agencies presently working among them.
Pray that God will give the Awak believers boldness to share the love of Christ with their own people.
Ask God to raise prayer teams who will begin breaking up the soil through worship and intercession.
Ask the Lord to bring forth a strong Awak church for the glory of His name!

Scripture Prayers for the Awak in Nigeria.

Profile Source:   Bethany World Prayer Center  

People Name General Awak
People Name in Country Awak
Alternate Names
Population this Country 14,000
Population all Countries 14,000
Total Countries 1
Indigenous Yes
Progress Scale 4
Unreached No
Frontier People Group No
GSEC 6  (per
Pioneer Workers Needed
People ID 10502
ROP3 Code 100643
ROP25 Code 300588
ROP25 Name Awak
Country Nigeria
Region Africa, West and Central
Continent Africa
10/40 Window Yes
National Bible Society Website
Persecution Rank 6  (Open Doors top 50 rank, 1 = highest persecution ranking)
Location in Country Gombe state: Kaltungo LGA.   Source:  Ethnologue 2016
Country Nigeria
Region Africa, West and Central
Continent Africa
10/40 Window Yes
National Bible Society Website
Persecution Rank 6  (Open Doors top 50 rank, 1 = highest persecution ranking)
Location in Country Gombe state: Kaltungo LGA..   Source:  Ethnologue 2016
Primary Religion: Ethnic Religions
Major Religion Percent
0.00 %
Christianity  (Evangelical 6.00 %)
40.00 %
Ethnic Religions
55.00 %
0.00 %
3.00 %
2.00 %
Other / Small
0.00 %
0.00 %
Primary Language Awak (14,000 speakers)
Language Code awo   Ethnologue Listing
Language Written Yes   ScriptSource Listing
Total Languages 1
Primary Language Awak (14,000 speakers)
Language Code awo   Ethnologue Listing
Total Languages 1
People Groups Speaking Awak

Primary Language:  Awak

Bible Translation Status  (Years)
Bible-Portions Yes  (2008)
Bible-New Testament No
Bible-Complete No
Possible Print Bibles
World Bibles
Forum Bible Agencies
National Bible Societies
World Bible Finder
Virtual Storehouse
Resource Type Resource Name Source
Audio Recordings Audio Bible teaching Global Recordings Network
Film / Video Jesus Film: view in Awak Jesus Film Project
General Scripture Earth Gospel resources links Scripture Earth
Photo Source Mailabari - Wikimedia  Creative Commons 
Map Source Bethany World Prayer Center  
Profile Source Bethany World Prayer Center 
Data Sources Data is compiled from various sources. Learn more.

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