Introduction / History
The Sengar (or Sangar) are one of the Rajput Kshatriya clans. The exact lineage of Sengar or Sangar is Rishivansh. According to an ancient story, the father of Lord Rama, Raja Dashrath, had given his daughter 'Shanta' to Shringi Rishi. The lineage created from that marriage is Sengar Rajput. A possible derivation of the 'Sengar' name is (apart from 'Shringi Rishi' or from that of the King Sengar Chand) 'Chattis-Kul-Singar' (the ornament or grand focal point).
After a long time and because of the growing influence of Islam, many Sengars emigrated from North India. Because of the local language and area the term 'Sengar' became 'Sanghar', 'Sangar' and 'Sanghare' (Sanghare are found in Maharastra). Sengar Rajputs mostly migrated to the south and are also found in Sri Lanka.
In the 1st century Sengar Rajputs went to Central India (Ujjain-Madhya Pradesh). There they joined the army of King Vikramaditya.
In the 3rd century they went to Kutch-Gujarat with the army of King Vikramaditya. There the term 'Sengar' was totally replaced by 'Sangar' or 'Sanghar." One story behind the use of the term 'Sangar' is that when Vikram Aditya's Sengar army stayed in Kachchh in 3rd century the army's leader was Sengar. In Kachchh the Kshatriya Rajput clans made up one group, or 'Sangh'. This group of Rajputs became known as 'Sanghar.' With the passage of time 'Sanghar' became a clan or caste name.
Where Are they Located?
They are mainly found in Kachchh-gujrat, Pakistan (where they are now Muslim) and in Uttar Pradesh, Bihar and Madhya Pradesh in India. Sanghar people live in Kachchh-Vagad, Saurastra and Jamnagar-Gujrat.
What Are Their Beliefs?
This Sanghar people believe in Jakh Dada (Yaksh Dev). Jakh Dada was a 'gana' or attendant of Lord Shiva. In Kachchh Jakh Dada was believed to have saved this caste around the 7th century, and since then the Sanghar have believed in Jakh Dada.
Jakh Dada's temple is situated in the village of Kadbhit, Nakhtrana- Kachchh. Every year Sanghar people and all of Kachchi celebrate the festival of Jakh Dada. This festival is the second largest in Gujrat.
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