Bania, Oswal in India







Largest Religion

Main Language


Profile Source: Global Prayer Digest / Keith Carey

Introduction / History

"Praise to Sachchika!" Niriksha, an Oswal seamstress, smiled with a dancing heart as she was handed another order for the appliqué style of wedding canopy her family made. All the orders for the special embroidery ensured her already successful business could expand into new shops. She would announce the news at the party tonight.

What are Their Lives Like?

The Oswal Bania community is made up of four to five million people. They are mostly found in Rajasthan, Punjab, and other nearby areas of northern India. Oswals are indispensable for the Indian economy, and tend to fare well in business. They are the wealthy and very influential in business, industry, and society. The Oswals are known for commemorating their festivals with celebration, color, and song.

What are Their Beliefs?

Although most Oswals follow Jain religious teachings, some are more influenced by Hinduism. According to Jain teaching, it is considered a sin to take a life. As a result, they are strict vegetarians. Their goddess, Sachchika, is often their family deity. The Oswals have no church, and there are no evangelistic outreaches among them; as far as we know there are no Oswal believers.

Prayer Points

* Pray for the Oswal people to hear about Jesus through evangelistic Internet, radio, and literature efforts.
* Pray that He will send missionaries to this unreached people group so the love of God an shine upon them.


Some information from "The Scheduled Castes" K. S. Singh, ed. Oxford University Press, USA (1994)

People Name General Bania, Oswal
People Name in Country Bania, Oswal
Population in India 857,000
Progress Scale 1.1
Least-Reached Yes
Unengaged or Unknown Yes
Indigenous Yes
Alternate Names Marwadi
Affinity Bloc South Asian Peoples
People Cluster Rajasthan
People Name General Bania, Oswal
Ethnic Code CNN25
Country India
Continent Asia
Region South Asia
10/40 Window Yes
Languages & Dialects (speakers if known) - up to 20 shown
Hindi (199,000) Gujarati (179,000) Marwari (98,000) Marathi (38,000)
Dhundari (12,000) Kachchi (10,000) Merwari (4,100) Bengali (3,900)
Telugu (3,100) Mewari (3,000) Chhattisgarhi (2,800) Konkani (1,500)
Shekhawati (1,300) Malvi (1,200) Bhojpuri (900) Bagri (600)
Panjabi, Eastern (500) Saurashtra (500) Kanauji (500) Konkani, Goan (300)
Languages & Dialects (speakers if known) - up to 20 shown
Hindi 199,000 Gujarati 179,000
Marwari 98,000 Marathi 38,000
Dhundari 12,000 Kachchi 10,000
Merwari 4,100 Bengali 3,900
Telugu 3,100 Mewari 3,000
Chhattisgarhi 2,800 Konkani 1,500
Shekhawati 1,300 Malvi 1,200
Bhojpuri 900 Bagri 600
Panjabi, Eastern 500 Saurashtra 500
Kanauji 500 Konkani, Goan 300
Largest Religion Other / Small
0.00%    ( Evangelical  0.00% )
Ethnic Religions
Other / Small
Photo Source: Isudas © Copyrighted Used with permission
Map Source: Omid / Joshua Project / Global Mapping Intl
Profile Source:
Data Sources: Data is compiled from various sources. Read more
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