Kurmi, Hindu traditions in India






Largest Religion

Main Language


Introduction / History

Kurmi is the name given to a Hindu caste in India. The caste system in India is a pattern of social stratification associated with Hinduism. The word "kurmi" literally means the "I cans" or the "I am ables". The Kurmi are also known as Kunbi. The Kurmi are believed to be descendants of some of the earliest Aryan immigrants to India and come from the Kshatriyas (warrior caste) who became farmers. Kurmi are known in India as the chief agricultural caste.

The word "kurmi" is related to the word karmi derived from the word "karma" (action or merit). Defining caste by karma instead by lineage and birth was a major change of defining caste instead of that based on birth lineage and ancestry linked to the Vedas (ancient Hindu scriptures) and espoused by Brahmins (priestly caste).

Historical writers say that the relationship between the Kshatriyas (warrior caste) and the Brahmins became strained. Consequently Brahmins started keeping the Vedas a secret from the Kshatriyas. A Vedic Kshatriya was a defender of the faith and righteous order. However, some Kshatriyas, influenced by Buddha and Mahavira, decided they did not need Vedic scriptures for supreme spiritual self mastery or to define their lineage or caste. Kshatriyas in India's northern Empires adopted Buddhism and Jainism.

Where Are they Located?

The Kurmis are found throughout India, from Punjab to Bengal in the east as well as southern India. The Barwar community of Uttar Pradesh and Bihar are descendents of the Kurmi.

What Are Their Lives Like?

Modern Kurmi are relatively prosperous and educated. Their lifestyle is associated with farming and trading. Due to their agricultural link, the Kurmi are viewed as one of the 'backward' or lower castes. Some Kurmi have formed a national movement in the northern and eastern Indian regions for advocacy purposes.

What Are Their Beliefs?

Kurmis are Hindus. Buddhists and Jains can be found amongst them too.

What Are Their Needs?

The Kurmi need the salvation offered by God. They need Jesus Christ. A key issue for the Kurmi is their desire to be recognised by other castes as belonging to the warrior caste of Kshatriya.

Prayer Points

* Pray that the Kurmi may realize that Jesus is their only hope for salvation and any lasting status.
* The Lion of Judah is offering the Kurmi the right to be a special people, royal priests and holy conquerors of the Almighty.
* Pray that the Kurmi as a whole heed this call and give their hearts in a positive response.


1. http://www.indianetzone.com/35/kurmis_indian_caste.htm
2. http://goo.gl/HeEb4
3. http://www.experiencefestival.com/upanayanam
4. http://www.worldlingo.com/ma/enwiki/en/Kurmi
5. http://goo.gl/plxT7

Profile Source:   Anonymous  

Prayer Links
Global Prayer Digest: 2009-08-13
Global Prayer Digest: 2014-09-23
Global Prayer Digest: 2015-08-25
Video Links:
A Pilgrimage
People Name General Kurmi, Hindu traditions
People Name in Country Kurmi, Hindu traditions
Population in India 19,089,000
World Population 19,389,000
Countries 3
Progress Scale 1.1
Least-Reached Yes
Indigenous Yes
Alternate Names Awadhia, Gangwar, Gowd, Kapu, Katiyar, Korma, Kunbi, Kurma, Mahto, Patanwar, Patchwar, Patel, Patidar, Sachan
Affinity Bloc South Asian Peoples
People Cluster Hindi
People Name General Kurmi, Hindu traditions
Ethnic Code CNN25r
People ID 17334
Country India
Region South Asia
Continent Asia
10/40 Window Yes
Persecution Rank 21  (Open Doors top 50 rank, 1 = highest persecution ranking)
Total States on file:  26  (up to 20 largest shown)
Uttar Pradesh (7,087,000) Bihar (4,259,000) Madhya Pradesh (2,067,000) Jharkhand (1,938,000)
West Bengal (1,350,000) Chhattisgarh (995,000) Telangana (836,000) Assam (297,000)
Karnataka (57,000) Odisha (54,000) Tamil Nadu (51,000) Uttarakhand (48,000)
Maharashtra (26,000) Andaman and Nicobar (9,700) Gujarat (6,500) Arunachal Pradesh (4,500)
Delhi (2,000) Dadra and Nagar Have (600) Haryana (400) Tripura (300)
Total States on file:  26  (up to 20 largest shown)
Uttar Pradesh (7,087,000) Bihar (4,259,000)
Madhya Pradesh (2,067,000) Jharkhand (1,938,000)
West Bengal (1,350,000) Chhattisgarh (995,000)
Telangana (836,000) Assam (297,000)
Karnataka (57,000) Odisha (54,000)
Tamil Nadu (51,000) Uttarakhand (48,000)
Maharashtra (26,000) Andaman and Nicobar (9,700)
Gujarat (6,500) Arunachal Pradesh (4,500)
Delhi (2,000) Dadra and Nagar Have (600)
Haryana (400) Tripura (300)
Languages & Dialects on file:  46  (up to 20 largest shown)
Hindi (10,780,000) Bhojpuri (2,715,000) Bengali (1,178,000) Telugu (853,000)
Chhattisgarhi (667,000) Magahi (659,000) Awadhi (620,000) Maithili (264,000)
Assamese (246,000) Kanauji (223,000) Bagheli (114,000) Bundeli (75,000)
Oriya (59,000) Sadri (56,000) Angika (41,000) Nimadi (38,000)
Malvi (36,000) Santhali (27,000) Panchpargania (21,000) Kudmali (20,000)
Languages & Dialects (speakers if known) - up to 20 shown
Hindi 10,780,000 Bhojpuri 2,715,000
Bengali 1,178,000 Telugu 853,000
Chhattisgarhi 667,000 Magahi 659,000
Awadhi 620,000 Maithili 264,000
Assamese 246,000 Kanauji 223,000
Bagheli 114,000 Bundeli 75,000
Oriya 59,000 Sadri 56,000
Angika 41,000 Nimadi 38,000
Malvi 36,000 Santhali 27,000
Panchpargania 21,000 Kudmali 20,000
For Primary Language: Hindi

Bible Translation Status  (Years)
Bible Portions Yes   (1806-1962)
New Testament Yes   (1811-1998)
Complete Bible Yes   (1818-2000)
Audio Bible Online
Resource Format
Audio Bible teaching (GRN) Audio Recordings
Bible Visuals General
Bible: Hindi Holy Bible Text / Printed Matter
Bible: Hindi Holy Bible Text / Printed Matter
Bibles, Bible League Text / Printed Matter
Christ for the Nations Text / Printed Matter
EasyBibles Text / Printed Matter
EasyBibles Text / Printed Matter
Fathers Love Letter Film / Video
Following Jesus (India, JF Project) Film / Video
God's Story Video Film / Video
Gods Simple Plan General
Got Questions Ministry General
Hindi Bible Text / Printed Matter
Hindi Bible stories Audio Recordings
International Bible Society Text / Printed Matter
Jesus Film: view in Hindi Film / Video
Magdalena (Jesus Film Project) Film / Video
My Last Day (Jesus Film Project Anime) Film / Video
Online Bible (Bibles India) Text / Printed Matter
Primary Religion: Hinduism

Major Religion Percent
0.00 %
Christianity  (Evangelical 0.00 %)
0.00 %
Ethnic Religions
0.00 %
100.00 %
0.00 %
0.00 %
Other / Small
0.00 %
0.00 %

Christian Segments Percent
0.0 %
0.0 %
0.0 %
Other Christian
0.0 %
0.0 %
Roman Catholic
0.0 %
Photo Source: Anonymous  
Map Source: Omid / Joshua Project / Global Mapping Intl  
Video Source: Create International
Profile Source: Anonymous  
Data Sources: Data is compiled from various sources. Read more

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