Korwa in India






Largest Religion

Main Language


Introduction / History

The Korwa are one of the scheduled tribes of central India. They live in the hills, valleys, and forests of Uttar Pradesh, Bihar, and Madhya Pradesh. They speak a Munda language, also called Korwa, which belongs to the Austro-Asiatic language family.

According to popular legend, the Korwa were the original inhabitants of the Surguja district in Madhya Pradesh. In the early 1900's they were leaders in the region and were dubbed as chiefs until more powerful and numerous conquerors invaded. They were later regarded as a wandering gang of looters. There remain two very distinct Korwa tribes: the Diharia (or Kisan), who are farmers, and the Paharia (or Benwaria), who live in the hills. These two tribes do not intermarry.

The Korwa are distinguished from other tribes by their savage appearance. They are short with stocky legs, appearing to be strong; yet, they are malnourished. The average height is only five feet three inches for men, and four feet nine inches for women.

What Are Their Lives Like?

The Korwa are primarily farmers and gatherers. They formerly used slash and burn agriculture, moving every two or three years to cultivate newly cleared plots. Rice, millet, and vegetables were the principal crops. Their income was supplemented by selling forest products, particularly firewood. In recent years, many have become settled farmers. The geographical isolation of the Paharia Korwa (hills dwellers) and the lack of communication have reduced most of them to the position of farm servants. Few of them own their own land. A major portion of their farm lands has been mortgaged to the neighboring tribal and non-tribal communities.

The Korwa in Surguja were once notorious lawbreakers known for robbing, stealing cattle, and even murdering. The state authorities compelled them to settle in the plains by supplying them with seed, land, and cattle. Today, the plains dwellers are relatively better off than those living in the hills, due to the fact that they have more contact with advanced ethnic groups. Still, the plains are not fertile and their annual yield is too small to be profitable, which accounts for their low standard of living.

The Korwa farmers have very little agricultural surplus to take to market. When they do go to market, cunning merchants often take advantage of their simplicity, lack of education and illiteracy, buying their products at absurdly low prices and making them loans at extremely high interest rates.

The Korwa wear very simple clothes. The women are tattooed, and neither the men nor women ever cut their hair. The plains dwellers live in villages that are mixed with other tribal groups. Wooden or bush fences surround their farms or homesteads. The Korwa who live in the hills still lead a semi-nomadic lifestyle.

The family is the basic social unit among the Korwa. They have a traditional family structure in which the father's word is law and is respected by all. Men and women are free to choose their own marriage partners, but a heavy bride price is required. Newlywed couples live with the grooms' parents until they are able to set up their own households. Men usually marry later in life because they have no means of supporting a family.

What Are Their Beliefs?

Nearly one-third of the Korwa are Muslims, having been converted to Islam by Muslim merchants. The rest are ethnic religionists who have been heavily influenced by Hinduism. Their main tribal god is called Dulha Deo. Those who live in the Surguja district worship Khuria Rani, a goddess who requires animal sacrifices. They also practice ancestor worship, calling on the spirits of their ancestors for blessings and guidance. They regard fire as sacred. In fact, fires are kept burning 24 hours a day in their houses to keep evil spirits away.

What Are Their Needs?

Prayer is the key to seeing these precious people reached with the Gospel.

Prayer Points

* Ask the Lord to call people who are willing to go to India and share Christ with the Korwa.
* Pray that God will raise up prayer teams who will begin breaking up the spiritual soil through worship and intercession
* Ask God use the small number of Korwa believers to share the Gospel with their friends and families.
* Pray for the salvation of key Korwa leaders who will boldly proclaim the Gospel among their own people.

Profile Source:   Bethany World Prayer Center  

Expanded PDF Profile

People Name General Korwa
People Name in Country Korwa
Population in India 436,000
World Population 438,000
Countries 2
Progress Scale 1.1
Least-Reached Yes
Indigenous Yes
Alternate Names Arasamakkalu, Diharia Korwa, Dihariya, Erakala, Ernga, Gangedula, Jangali, Kaikadi, Kisan Korwa, Kodaku, Kormakar, Kormangta, Korua, Korvi, Singli
Affinity Bloc South Asian Peoples
People Cluster Munda-Santal
People Name General Korwa
Ethnic Code AUG04z
People ID 17273
Country India
Region South Asia
Continent Asia
10/40 Window Yes
Persecution Rank 21  (Open Doors top 50 rank, 1 = highest persecution ranking)
Total States on file:  20  (up to 20 largest shown)
Telangana (157,000) Chhattisgarh (120,000) Karnataka (49,000) Assam (45,000)
Jharkhand (38,000) Uttar Pradesh (8,400) West Bengal (7,400) Odisha (2,900)
Madhya Pradesh (2,200) Arunachal Pradesh (1,800) Maharashtra (1,200) Bihar (1,100)
Goa (900) Uttarakhand (400) Meghalaya (200) Manipur (200)
Gujarat (100) Delhi (100) Tripura (60) Nagaland (60)
Total States on file:  20  (up to 20 largest shown)
Telangana (157,000) Chhattisgarh (120,000)
Karnataka (49,000) Assam (45,000)
Jharkhand (38,000) Uttar Pradesh (8,400)
West Bengal (7,400) Odisha (2,900)
Madhya Pradesh (2,200) Arunachal Pradesh (1,800)
Maharashtra (1,200) Bihar (1,100)
Goa (900) Uttarakhand (400)
Meghalaya (200) Manipur (200)
Gujarat (100) Delhi (100)
Tripura (60) Nagaland (60)
Languages & Dialects on file:  45  (up to 20 largest shown)
Telugu (136,000) Hindi (104,000) Kannada (45,000) Korwa (39,000)
Assamese (35,000) Chhattisgarhi (18,000) Bengali (10,000) Tamil (10,000)
Oriya (2,800) Kurux (2,300) Santhali (1,700) Konkani, Goan (1,400)
Marathi (1,300) Ho (1,000) Mundari (600) Panjabi, Eastern (500)
Konkani (400) Munda (300) Kanauji (300) Kharia (300)
Languages & Dialects (speakers if known) - up to 20 shown
Telugu 136,000 Hindi 104,000
Kannada 45,000 Korwa 39,000
Assamese 35,000 Chhattisgarhi 18,000
Bengali 10,000 Tamil 10,000
Oriya 2,800 Kurux 2,300
Santhali 1,700 Konkani, Goan 1,400
Marathi 1,300 Ho 1,000
Mundari 600 Panjabi, Eastern 500
Konkani 400 Munda 300
Kanauji 300 Kharia 300
For Primary Language: Telugu

Bible Translation Status  (Years)
Bible Portions Yes   (1812-1966)
New Testament Yes   (1818-1989)
Complete Bible Yes   (1854-2002)
Audio Bible Online
Resource Format
Audio Bible teaching (GRN) Audio Recordings
Bible Visuals General
Bible-in-Your-Language Text / Printed Matter
Bibles, Bible League Text / Printed Matter
EasyBibles Text / Printed Matter
EasyBibles Text / Printed Matter
Fathers Love Letter Audio Recordings
Following Jesus (India, JF Project) Film / Video
Four Spiritual Laws General
God's Story Video Film / Video
Gods Simple Plan General
Got Questions Ministry General
International Bible Society Text / Printed Matter
Jesus Film: view in Telugu Film / Video
Magdalena (Jesus Film Project) Film / Video
My Last Day (Jesus Film Project Anime) Film / Video
Online New Testament (FCBH) Audio Recordings
Online Scripture (Talking Bibles) Audio Recordings
Oral Bible stories in Telugu Audio Recordings
Story of Jesus audio (Jesus Film Project) Audio Recordings
Primary Religion: Hinduism

Major Religion Percent
0.00 %
Christianity  (Evangelical 0.00 %)
1.02 %
Ethnic Religions
0.00 %
97.96 %
0.04 %
0.00 %
Other / Small
0.00 %
0.97 %

Christian Segments Percent
0.0 %
0.0 %
0.0 %
Other Christian
0.0 %
0.0 %
Roman Catholic
0.0 %
Photo Source: Bethany World Prayer Center  
Map Source: Bethany World Prayer Center  
Profile Source: Bethany World Prayer Center  
Data Sources: Data is compiled from various sources. Read more

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