Kharia in India



Population

767,000

Christian

Evangelical

0.00%

Largest Religion

Main Language

Progress


Introduction / History

The Kharia (Lewa Kunbi) people live in the Western Vidarbha region of Maharashtra. They have gotras such as Shendilya, Kashyap and Bharadwaj. They are known as Lewa Patil.

They speak the Marathi and Telegu languages and use the Devanagari script. A few of them also speak Hindi. The incidence of colour-blindness is reported in 5 percent of the Kharia population.

The Kharia men are non-vegetarian but their women are vegetarian. Jowar is their staple cereal and they eat rice occasionally. The economy of the Lewa Kunbi is mainly based on agriculture. They either cultivate their own land or work for others on a share-cropping basis. They participate in the local weekly markets. The problem of alcoholism is prevalent among the men.

The Kharia generally follow monogamy. The women contribute to the family economy as wage earners and take part in socio-religious activities. In a marriage a series of rituals are performed simultaneously at the bride and groom's residences. Marriage rituals include the thread wearing ceremony, the exchange of garlands and circumambulating the sacred fire seven times.

The Kharia have an association, which looks after the socio-economic development of the community. They cremate the dead and observe death pollution for ten days.

The Kharia worship both family and village deities. The Brahman officiates as a priest at their rituals. Their traditional customs prevent them from exchanging water and cooked food with certain communities, such as, the Bhangi, Chamar and Mahar. Ancestor worship is also prevalent among them. Diwali is the main festival celebrated by the Lewa Kunbi.

Alternate names: Kunbi Khaire, Kunbi Lonari, Kunbi Tirole, Kunbi Hindre.


Prayer Points

* For the salvation of the Kharia people and that God may send several Christian workers to work among them and meet their spiritual and physical needs.
* That the LKharia people may be freed from alcoholism, ancestors' worship, colour-blindness and be able to accept all the communities without caste prejudice.


Profile Source:   India Missions Association - Edited by Philipose Vaidyar  Copyrighted ©   Used with permission  

People Name General Kharia
People Name in Country Kharia
Population in India 767,000
World Population 779,000
Countries 4
Progress Scale 2.1
Least-Reached No
Indigenous Yes
Alternate Names Haria, Khaire Kunbi, Kharvi, Kulu, Kunbi
Affinity Bloc South Asian Peoples
People Cluster Munda-Santal
People Name General Kharia
Ethnic Code AUG04z
People ID 17153
Country India
Region South Asia
Continent Asia
10/40 Window Yes
Persecution Rank 28  (Open Doors top 50 rank, 1 = highest persecution ranking)
Total States on file:  20  (up to 20 largest shown)
Odisha (241,000) Jharkhand (211,000) Assam (194,000) West Bengal (53,000)
Chhattisgarh (47,000) Maharashtra (20,000) Bihar (6,400) Madhya Pradesh (2,500)
Arunachal Pradesh (2,400) Andaman and Nicobar (2,000) Tripura (1,600) Nagaland (500)
Delhi (200) Gujarat (70) Goa (30) Uttar Pradesh (20)
Punjab (20) Meghalaya (20) Himachal Pradesh (20) Chandigarh (20)
Total States on file:  20  (up to 20 largest shown)
Odisha (241,000) Jharkhand (211,000)
Assam (194,000) West Bengal (53,000)
Chhattisgarh (47,000) Maharashtra (20,000)
Bihar (6,400) Madhya Pradesh (2,500)
Arunachal Pradesh (2,400) Andaman and Nicobar (2,000)
Tripura (1,600) Nagaland (500)
Delhi (200) Gujarat (70)
Goa (30) Uttar Pradesh (20)
Punjab (20) Meghalaya (20)
Himachal Pradesh (20) Chandigarh (20)
Languages & Dialects on file:  57  (up to 20 largest shown)
Kharia (314,000) Assamese (143,000) Oriya (116,000) Hindi (71,000)
Bengali (68,000) Chhattisgarhi (25,000) Marathi (20,000) Santhali (3,400)
Mundari (2,300) Kurux (2,300) Koda (1,800) Sadri (1,400)
Ho (1,400) Panjabi, Eastern (1,200) Munda (1,100) Gujarati (1,000)
Gondi, Northern (500) Monpa, Tawang (300) Chin, Falam (300) Telugu (300)
Languages & Dialects (speakers if known) - up to 20 shown
Kharia 314,000 Assamese 143,000
Oriya 116,000 Hindi 71,000
Bengali 68,000 Chhattisgarhi 25,000
Marathi 20,000 Santhali 3,400
Mundari 2,300 Kurux 2,300
Koda 1,800 Sadri 1,400
Ho 1,400 Panjabi, Eastern 1,200
Munda 1,100 Gujarati 1,000
Gondi, Northern 500 Monpa, Tawang 300
Chin, Falam 300 Telugu 300
Bible Translation Status  (Years)
Bible Portions Yes   (1951)
New Testament Yes   (1992)
Complete Bible No
Format Resource
Audio Recordings Audio Bible teaching (GRN)
Film / Video Jesus Film: view in Kharia
Text / Printed Matter World Missionary Press Booklets

Major Religion Percent
Buddhism
0.01 %
Christianity  (Evangelical 0.00 %)
20.97 %
Ethnic Religions
0.00 %
Hinduism
72.69 %
Islam
0.08 %
Non-Religious
0.00 %
Other / Small
0.02 %
Unknown
6.24 %
Map Source: Omid / Joshua Project / Global Mapping Intl  
Profile Source: India Missions Association - Edited by Philipose Vaidyar  Copyrighted ©   Used with permission  
Data Sources: Data is compiled from various sources. Read more
Get Involved
Register ministry activity for this group

Copyright © 2014 Joshua Project.  A ministry of the U.S. Center for World Mission.