Chakkiliyan in India


Joshua Project has identified the Chakkiliyan only in India

Population

1,287,000

Christian

Evangelical

0.00%

Largest Religion

Main Language

Progress


Introduction / History

The main occupation of the Chakkiliyan community is mending leather products especially chappals, shoes ,etc. Today, most of them in south india are well literate, occupying administrative positions both in private and public sectors.

Along with social groups associated with those who wash clothes for other Dalits, they are one of the most backward castes. Some work as night soil removers. Night soil is a respectable term for human waste. At some point in history, a whole class of people across India have been forced by violence and religious sanction into this terrible role. This is an outcome of lack of proper sanitation system throughout India's history apart from what was noticed in the Indus Valley ruins where houses were constructed with proper sanitation. In this aspect they have similar castes across India. The most notable one is Chandala and Bhangis of North India.

Due to their association with night soil, others have been reluctant to associate with them including other Dalit castes. But they are also used as general agricultural and manual workers across Western and Northern Tamil Nadu. They are usually live in a place that is apart from the main village as the other Dalits. Many place names in India and Sri Lanka are named for this community.


What Are Their Lives Like?

Very poor standard of living, low literacy rate among all lower castes.


What Are Their Beliefs?

Mainly Hinduism, some converted to Christianity.


What Are Their Needs?

Some have a great inferiority complex due to their occupation.


Prayer Points

* Pray that God would give them good education and remove the slavery mindset.
* Ask the Lord to help them sense their worth and equality with others.


Profile Source:   Mohan Nitheesh  

People Name General Chakkiliyan
People Name in Country Chakkiliyan
Population in India 1,287,000
World Population 1,287,000
Countries 1
Progress Scale 2.1
Least-Reached No
Indigenous Yes
Alternate Names Arava Chakali, Arava Chakkali, Arava Chakkali/Kristava Arundhatiyar, Arundhatiyar, Cakkala, Cakkali, Cakkoli, Chakka, Chakkala, Chucklers, Kristava Arundhatiyar, Madari, Pagadai, Toti, Vattakkadan
Affinity Bloc South Asian Peoples
People Cluster Tamil
People Name General Chakkiliyan
Ethnic Code CNN23c
People ID 16600
Country India
Region South Asia
Continent Asia
10/40 Window Yes
Persecution Rank 21  (Open Doors top 50 rank, 1 = highest persecution ranking)
Total States on file:  19  (up to 20 largest shown)
Tamil Nadu (1,214,000) Kerala (47,000) Andhra Pradesh (11,000) Maharashtra (4,400)
Karnataka (3,500) Pondicherry (2,800) Delhi (2,200) Telangana (1,200)
West Bengal (400) Andaman and Nicobar (300) Odisha (200) Chhattisgarh (200)
Madhya Pradesh (200) Gujarat (100) Uttar Pradesh (80) Chandigarh (70)
Goa (30) Rajasthan (30) Uttarakhand (20)
Total States on file:  19  (up to 20 largest shown)
Tamil Nadu (1,214,000) Kerala (47,000)
Andhra Pradesh (11,000) Maharashtra (4,400)
Karnataka (3,500) Pondicherry (2,800)
Delhi (2,200) Telangana (1,200)
West Bengal (400) Andaman and Nicobar (300)
Odisha (200) Chhattisgarh (200)
Madhya Pradesh (200) Gujarat (100)
Uttar Pradesh (80) Chandigarh (70)
Goa (30) Rajasthan (30)
Uttarakhand (20)
Languages & Dialects on file:  4  (up to 20 largest shown)
Tamil (1,195,000) Malayalam (49,000) Telugu (19,000) Kannada (500)
Languages & Dialects (speakers if known) - up to 20 shown
Tamil 1,195,000 Malayalam 49,000
Telugu 19,000 Kannada 500
For Primary Language: Tamil

Bible Translation Status  (Years)
Bible Portions Yes   (1714-1956)
New Testament Yes   (1715-1998)
Complete Bible Yes   (1727-2002)
Audio Bible Online
Resource Format
Audio Bible teaching (GRN) Audio Recordings
Bible Visuals General
Bible-in-Your-Language Text / Printed Matter
Bible: Old Version Bible Text / Printed Matter
Bibles, Bible League Text / Printed Matter
EasyBibles Text / Printed Matter
Fathers Love Letter Audio Recordings
Following Jesus (India, JF Project) Film / Video
General Ministry Resources Audio Recordings
General Ministry Resources Film / Video
God's Story Video Film / Video
Gods Simple Plan General
Got Questions Ministry General
Jesus Film: view in Tamil Film / Video
Magdalena (Jesus Film Project) Film / Video
My Last Day (Jesus Film Project Anime) Film / Video
Online Bible (Bibles India) Text / Printed Matter
Online New Testament (FCBH) Audio Recordings
Online Scripture (Talking Bibles) Audio Recordings
Oral Bible Audio Recordings
Primary Religion: Hinduism

Major Religion Percent
Buddhism
0.00 %
Christianity  (Evangelical 0.00 %)
6.89 %
Ethnic Religions
0.00 %
Hinduism
93.11 %
Islam
0.00 %
Non-Religious
0.00 %
Other / Small
0.00 %
Unknown
0.00 %

Christian Segments Percent
Anglican
0.0 %
Independent
0.0 %
Orthodox
0.0 %
Other Christian
0.0 %
Protestant
0.0 %
Roman Catholic
0.0 %
Map Source: Omid / Joshua Project / Global Mapping Intl  
Profile Source: Mohan Nitheesh  
Data Sources: Data is compiled from various sources. Read more


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