Beldar, Hindu traditions in India






Largest Religion

Main Language


Introduction / History

The word Beldar is derived from two words; "bel" meaning a digging instrument, and "dar" referring to the person who handles it. They are associated with digging and carrying soil in the context of agriculture. Though fewer in number, there are Beldars who are engaged in animal husbandry, small business, industrial work, and unskilled labor.

The Beldar people have their own folk songs and folk-tales. Though they speak in the Baghelkandi dialect at home, most of them also speak Hindi.

Where Are they Located?

Population figures for this Hindu group fluxuates from five figures to almost 2 million. They perceive themselves as part of the low Shudra caste, and others perceive them as being in this category as well. After cremating their dead, they worship the deceased's spirit a year later. There are only about 100 Christ-followers in this people group that lives mainly in Madhya Pradesh, but some live in Uttar Pradesh or West Bengal.

Prayer Points

* Pray for Indian missionaries to produce stories and songs in the Beldar traditions that will lead them to seek Jesus Christ.
* Pray for them to have easy access to materials in the Hindi language.


Some information from "The Scheduled Castes" K. S. Singh, ed. Oxford University Press, USA (1994)

People Name General Beldar, Hindu traditions
People Name in Country Beldar, Hindu traditions
Population in India 1,926,000
World Population 1,938,000
Countries 3
Progress Scale 1.1
Least-Reached Yes
Indigenous Yes
Alternate Names Bachgotra, Bailwar, Bentkar, Bhujan, Bhujwa, Bilwar, Bunkar, Cetti, Changar, Chauhan, Chetti, Chunar, Chunara, Chunari, Chuncha, Chundollu, Chungar, Chuniyara, Gavandi, Goundi, Govandi, Kannada Balija Naickar, Kannada Naickar, Kannada Naicker, Kannadiya Naicker, Kannadiyar, Karpoora Chetti, Kattautia, Kerebandiyavaru, Lonari, Londhari, Lonia, Lonkar, Lonmali, Lunia, Matadi, Melusakkare, MelusakkareSagara, Melusakkareyavaru, Memar, Mila, Nunari, Nunia, Nuniya Beldar, Nuri, Odavandlu, Rai, Roy, Sagar, Sagara, Sagaravanshadavara, Sagarollu, Sagarvanshadavaru, Sagra, Sonkari, Sunga, Sunkar, Sunkaravandlu, Tamuli, Toreya, Unar, Upasara, Uplan, Uppaliga, Uppaliga Shetti, Uppaligashetty, Uppara, Uppari, Uppilara Naicker, Uppilia, Uppilia Naicker, Uppiliar, Uppiliga Naicker, Uppiliyan, Vethalaikaran
Affinity Bloc South Asian Peoples
People Cluster Kannada
People Name General Beldar, Hindu traditions
Ethnic Code CNN23a
People ID 16375
Country India
Region South Asia
Continent Asia
10/40 Window Yes
Persecution Rank 21  (Open Doors top 50 rank, 1 = highest persecution ranking)
Total States on file:  25  (up to 20 largest shown)
Karnataka (689,000) Bihar (387,000) Maharashtra (279,000) Uttar Pradesh (194,000)
Tamil Nadu (152,000) Telangana (138,000) Madhya Pradesh (34,000) Andhra Pradesh (12,000)
Jharkhand (9,200) Gujarat (8,700) West Bengal (7,400) Chhattisgarh (5,300)
Odisha (5,000) Goa (1,600) Rajasthan (1,300) Kerala (1,200)
Uttarakhand (500) Delhi (400) Nagaland (200) Pondicherry (80)
Total States on file:  25  (up to 20 largest shown)
Karnataka (689,000) Bihar (387,000)
Maharashtra (279,000) Uttar Pradesh (194,000)
Tamil Nadu (152,000) Telangana (138,000)
Madhya Pradesh (34,000) Andhra Pradesh (12,000)
Jharkhand (9,200) Gujarat (8,700)
West Bengal (7,400) Chhattisgarh (5,300)
Odisha (5,000) Goa (1,600)
Rajasthan (1,300) Kerala (1,200)
Uttarakhand (500) Delhi (400)
Nagaland (200) Pondicherry (80)
Languages & Dialects on file:  34  (up to 20 largest shown)
Kannada (612,000) Hindi (391,000) Telugu (243,000) Marathi (213,000)
Bhojpuri (96,000) Magahi (96,000) Tamil (86,000) Maithili (38,000)
Konkani (19,000) Marwari (18,000) Awadhi (15,000) Bengali (10,000)
Gujarati (8,400) Tulu (6,400) Konkani, Goan (6,400) Chhattisgarhi (6,300)
Ahirani (5,400) Bundeli (3,200) Nimadi (3,000) Khandesi (2,400)
Languages & Dialects (speakers if known) - up to 20 shown
Kannada 612,000 Hindi 391,000
Telugu 243,000 Marathi 213,000
Bhojpuri 96,000 Magahi 96,000
Tamil 86,000 Maithili 38,000
Konkani 19,000 Marwari 18,000
Awadhi 15,000 Bengali 10,000
Gujarati 8,400 Tulu 6,400
Konkani, Goan 6,400 Chhattisgarhi 6,300
Ahirani 5,400 Bundeli 3,200
Nimadi 3,000 Khandesi 2,400
For Primary Language: Kannada

Bible Translation Status  (Years)
Bible Portions Yes   (1812-1988)
New Testament Yes   (1823-1995)
Complete Bible Yes   (1831-2000)
Audio Bible Online
Resource Format
Audio Bible teaching (GRN) Audio Recordings
Bible-in-Your-Language Text / Printed Matter
Bibles, Bible League Text / Printed Matter
Fathers Love Letter Audio Recordings
Following Jesus (India, JF Project) Film / Video
Four Spiritual Laws General
God's Story Video Film / Video
Got Questions Ministry General
International Bible Society Text / Printed Matter
Jesus Film: view in Kannada Film / Video
Kannada Bible stories Audio Recordings
Magdalena (Jesus Film Project) Film / Video
My Last Day (Jesus Film Project Anime) Film / Video
Online New Testament (FCBH) Audio Recordings
Online Scripture / Bible Audio Recordings
Oral Bible stories in Kannada Audio Recordings
Story of Jesus audio (Jesus Film Project) Audio Recordings
Story of Jesus for Children (JF Project) Film / Video
World Missionary Press Booklets Text / Printed Matter
Primary Religion: Hinduism

Major Religion Percent
0.00 %
Christianity  (Evangelical 0.00 %)
0.00 %
Ethnic Religions
0.00 %
99.62 %
0.00 %
0.00 %
Other / Small
0.38 %
0.00 %

Christian Segments Percent
0.0 %
0.0 %
0.0 %
Other Christian
0.0 %
0.0 %
Roman Catholic
0.0 %
Photo Source: Anonymous  
Map Source: Omid / Joshua Project / Global Mapping Intl  
Profile Source: Global Prayer Digest / Keith Carey 
Data Sources: Data is compiled from various sources. Read more

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