Adi Dravida in India



Population

9,312,000

Christian

Evangelical

0.00%

Largest Religion

Main Language

Progress


Introduction / History

The Adi Dravida of India are a low status caste. The word 'Adi' means 'beginning'. Their literacy level is said to be less than fifty percent so the gospel message should be given in oral form also. There are some professional workers among them such as doctors and engineers. They are mainly Hindus.

The Adi Dravida of Tamil Nadu speak, read and write in Tamil and they eat pork and beef and for a cereal they like rice. They marry within their own group. The men do agriculture. The women look after the family income details and they help with agriculture. The Adi Dravida also do rickshaw pulling among other work. They have an Association that judges in disputes. Hinduism is their main religion.

In Karnataka they speak, read and write in Kannada. Agricultural work is now the main work for a lot of the Adi Dravida. In the towns they are mainly in the shoe industry. They have festivals.

In Andhra Pradesh the Adi Dravida speak, read and write in Tamil. They can speak Telugu also. They have two groups, the Tamil Mala who are thought to be better as they are landowners and the Savu Mala who are gravediggers. They believe in monogamy and marriages tend to be adult ones now rather than child marriages. Divorce is allowed as is marrying again for the bereaved. The dead are buried except when the first child dies and when there is an abnormal death, then cremation takes place.

In Maharashtra the Adi Dravida live mainly in slums. They speak Tamil mainly and also Hindi and Marathi. Divorce and widows marrying again are not allowed. Property on the death of the father is given to the sons with the oldest son being in charge of the home. There are Hindus and Christians among them who are allowed to marry each other.

In Pondicherry they speak, read and write in Tamil. There are Christians among them also.


Prayer Points

* Pray that gospel materials will lead the Adi Dravida to Jesus Christ.
* Pray that God will give them dreams and visions leading them to Salvation too.

References

Singh, K. S., ed. "India's Communities A-Z", Oxford University Press, USA 1999


Profile Source:   Anonymous  

People Name General Adi Dravida
People Name in Country Adi Dravida
Population in India 9,312,000
World Population 10,713,000
Countries 2
Progress Scale 2.1
Least-Reached No
Indigenous Yes
Alternate Names Adi Dravida, Adi Dravidar, Chakkiliyan, Harijan, Harijans, Madiga, Mala, Parayan, Pariyar, Samban
Affinity Bloc South Asian Peoples
People Cluster Tamil
People Name General Adi Dravida
Ethnic Code CNN23c
People ID 16164
Country India
Region South Asia
Continent Asia
10/40 Window Yes
Persecution Rank 28  (Open Doors top 50 rank, 1 = highest persecution ranking)
Total States on file:  31  (up to 20 largest shown)
Tamil Nadu (8,026,000) Karnataka (1,030,000) Andhra Pradesh (264,000) Pondicherry (128,000)
Maharashtra (37,000) Delhi (5,900) Kerala (5,300) Gujarat (2,600)
Odisha (2,000) West Bengal (1,600) Madhya Pradesh (1,500) Jharkhand (1,100)
Uttar Pradesh (1,000) Telangana (1,000) Chhattisgarh (900) Andaman and Nicobar (600)
Assam (400) Rajasthan (400) Haryana (300) Uttarakhand (300)
Total States on file:  31  (up to 20 largest shown)
Tamil Nadu (8,026,000) Karnataka (1,030,000)
Andhra Pradesh (264,000) Pondicherry (128,000)
Maharashtra (37,000) Delhi (5,900)
Kerala (5,300) Gujarat (2,600)
Odisha (2,000) West Bengal (1,600)
Madhya Pradesh (1,500) Jharkhand (1,100)
Uttar Pradesh (1,000) Telangana (1,000)
Chhattisgarh (900) Andaman and Nicobar (600)
Assam (400) Rajasthan (400)
Haryana (300) Uttarakhand (300)
Languages & Dialects on file:  8  (up to 20 largest shown)
Tamil (8,730,000) Telugu (449,000) Kannada (308,000) Tulu (51,000)
Malayalam (8,900) Konkani, Goan (3,400) English (500) Oriya (400)
Languages & Dialects (speakers if known) - up to 20 shown
Tamil 8,730,000 Telugu 449,000
Kannada 308,000 Tulu 51,000
Malayalam 8,900 Konkani, Goan 3,400
English 500 Oriya 400
Bible Translation Status  (Years)
Bible Portions Yes   (1714-1956)
New Testament Yes   (1715-1998)
Complete Bible Yes   (1727-2002)
Format Resource
Audio Recordings Fathers Love Letter
Audio Recordings General Ministry Resources
Audio Recordings Global Recordings
Audio Recordings Online Scripture (Talking Bibles)
Audio Recordings Oral Bible
Audio Recordings Story of Jesus audio (Jesus Film Project)
Film / Video Following Jesus (India)
Film / Video General Ministry Resources
Film / Video God's Story Video
Film / Video Jesus Film: view in Tamil
Film / Video Magdalena (Jesus Film Project)
Film / Video My Last Day (Jesus Film Project Anime)
Film / Video Story of Jesus for Children (JF Project)
General Bible Visuals
General Gods Simple Plan
General Got Questions Ministry
Text / Printed Matter Bible-in-Your-Language
Text / Printed Matter Bible: Old Version Bible
Text / Printed Matter Bibles, Bible League
Text / Printed Matter EasyBibles

Major Religion Percent
Buddhism
0.00 %
Christianity  (Evangelical 0.00 %)
6.45 %
Ethnic Religions
0.00 %
Hinduism
93.55 %
Islam
0.00 %
Non-Religious
0.00 %
Other / Small
0.00 %
Unknown
0.00 %
Photo Source: G. Sounder  
Map Source: Omid / Joshua Project / Global Mapping Intl  
Profile Source: Anonymous  
Data Sources: Data is compiled from various sources. Read more
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