Evenki in Russia


Population
39,000
Main Language
Largest Religion
Christian
Evangelical
Progress
Progress Gauge

Identity

The Tungus Ewenki - also known as the Khamnigan Ewenki - are one of four people groups combined to form the official Ewenki nationality in China. Each group speaks a different language and has varying customs. It is believed that the Ewenki were originally tribes or clans in Russia who migrated into China at different times 300 to 400 years ago.

Approximately 1,000 of the 1,600 Tungus Ewenki are able to speak their language. One scholar describes the language as "endangered in China and possibly extinct in Mongolia and Russia." For now, it is still spoken in the homes of two-thirds of Tungus Ewenki children, most of whom can also speak the local variety of Mongolian and Chinese.


History

The forefathers of the Ewenki lived in the forests north and east of Lake Baikal in Siberia and along the upper reaches of the Heilong River. They had a close relationship with the Northern Shiweis during the Northern Wei Dynasty (AD 386-534) and the Ju tribe at the time of the Tang Dynasty (618-907). "In the mid-1600s, aggression by Tsarist Russia led the Qing government in China to move the Ewenkis to the area around the tributaries of the Nenjiang River in the Hinggan Mountains. In 1732, 1,600 Ewenki soldiers and their dependents were moved to the Hulunbuir grasslands."


Customs

The Tungus Ewenki live in nimor, or clans, which are groups of three to ten blood families. Some Tungus Ewenki live deep within the forests. Others have chosen to live on the grasslands where they have been influenced by Mongolian culture.


Religion

Many of the Tungus Ewenki who have experienced prolonged interaction with Mongolians have been converted to Tibetan Buddhism. The remainder practice shamanism, an ancient form of witchcraft and spiritism. The Tungus are also the only Ewenki group in China known to contain Christians.


Christianity

Various sources agree that there are approximately 100 Ewenki Christians in Chenbaehru. The Tungus Ewenki believers are members of the Eastern Orthodox Church. However, "because of the profound influence of Shamanism, they worship the statue of Jesus and other idols together. Priests of the Eastern Orthodox Church also participate in the religious activities of the Ewenkis."


Profile Source:   Operation China, Paul Hattaway  Copyrighted ©   Used with permission  

Prayer / Resource Links:
Global Prayer Digest: 2007-02-01
Global Prayer Digest: 2008-03-09
People Name General Evenki
People Name in Country Evenki
Population in Russia 39,000
World Population 39,400
Total Countries 2
Indigenous Yes
Unreached Yes
Pioneer Workers Needed 1 to 2
Progress Scale 1
GSEC 1  (per PeopleGroups.org)
Alternate Names Evenks, Ewenke, Ewenki, Manchurian Solon, Owenke, Solon, Solon Evenki, Suolun, Tungus
People ID 18453
ROP3 Code 114054
Country Russia
Region Eastern Europe and Eurasia
Continent Asia
10/40 Window No
National Bible Society Website
Persecution Rank Not ranked
Location in Country Siberia, most in Sakha (Yakutiya), and Krasnoyarskiy Kray; also in Irkutskaya Oblast’, Buryatiya, Zabaykalsky, and Amurskaya Oblast’; Pacific coast settlements, Magadanskaya Oblast’, Chukotskiy Avtonomnyy Okrug, Khabarovskiy Kray, Kamchatka, and Sakhalinskaya Oblast’.   Source:  Ethnologue 2016
Country Russia
Region Eastern Europe and Eurasia
Continent Asia
10/40 Window No
National Bible Society Website
Persecution Rank Not ranked
Location in Country Siberia, most in Sakha (Yakutiya), and Krasnoyarskiy Kray; also in Irkutskaya Oblast’, Buryatiya, Zabaykalsky, and Amurskaya Oblast’; Pacific coast settlements, Magadanskaya Oblast’, Chukotskiy Avtonomnyy Okrug, Khabarovskiy Kray, Kamchatka, and Sakhalinskaya Oblast’..   Source:  Ethnologue 2016
Primary Language Evenki (39,000 speakers)
Language Code evn   Ethnologue Listing
Primary Dialect Zeya-bureya
Dialect Code 9708   Global Recordings Listing
Language Written Yes   ScriptSource Listing
Total Languages 1
People Groups Speaking Evenki
Primary Language Evenki (39,000 speakers)
Language Code evn   Ethnologue Listing
Primary Dialect Zeya-bureya
Dialect Code 9708   Global Recordings Listing
Total Languages 1
People Groups Speaking Evenki

Primary Language:  Evenki

Bible Translation Status  (Years)
Bible-Portions Yes   (1995)
Bible-New Testament No
Bible-Complete No
Possible Print Bibles
Amazon National Bible Societies
Forum of Bible Agencies World Bible Finder
Gospel Go World Bibles
Resource Type Resource Name
Audio Recordings Audio Bible teaching (GRN)
Primary Religion: Ethnic Religions
Major Religion Percent *
Buddhism
0.00 %
Christianity  (Evangelical 0.18 %)
5.00 %
Ethnic Religions
85.00 %
Hinduism
0.00 %
Islam
0.00 %
Non-Religious
10.00 %
Other / Small
0.00 %
Unknown
0.00 %
Christian Segments Percent
Anglican
0.0 %
Independent
0.0 %
Orthodox
100.0 %
Other Christian
0.0 %
Protestant
0.0 %
Roman Catholic
0.0 %
Photo Source Copyrighted © 2017  Operation China, Paul Hattaway  All rights reserved.  Used with permission
Map Source Norwegian Polar Institute  
Profile Source Operation China, Paul Hattaway  Copyrighted ©   Used with permission  
Data Sources Data is compiled from various sources. Read more


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