Mahishya in Bhutan

Main Language
Largest Religion
Progress Gauge

Introduction / History

The Mahishya people are also known as Sadgop. The name Sadgop is derived from the two Sanskrit words: 'sad' means good and 'gop' means milkman. Some believe they are the descendants of lord Krishna. Their association with dairy products, and thus cattle, have given them a fairly high status in Hindu society, and they are part of a "forward" caste. Ironically some stigmatize them for their rural roots and willingness to work with their hands.

Where Are they Located?

As a people, they are found in several Indian states such as West Bengal, Odisha, and surrounding areas, speaking Bengali, Hindi, Oriya, or English as second languages. A much smaller number live in Bhutan.

What Are Their Lives Like?

Though they are associated with dairy farming, these land owners also grow rice and wheat; agriculture is their traditional and primary occupation. Others work in skilled labor or business in cities. Some are computer operators, while others are college-educated and seek spouses over the Internet.

What Are Their Beliefs?

They propitiate Hari and Lakshmi as their family deities. Their village deities are Dharmaraj, Manasa and Shiva among others. Like other Hindus they go on pilgrimages to holy sites in Gaya and Vrindaban. Married women have a significant role to play in their ritual Hindu performances. Women worship the goddess Lakshmi daily.

What Are Their Needs?

These devout Hindus need a spiritual hunger that will take them beyond where they have been for hundreds of years.

Prayer Points

* Scripture Prayers for the Mahishya in Bhutan.

* Pray for the Mahishya people to have a spiritual hunger that will lead them to Jesus Christ.
* Pray for them to be exposed to Christian materials such as the JESUS Film and gospel recordings, and the Bible
* Pray for a powerful disciple making movement in their communities in Bhutan and India.


Profile Source:   Keith Carey  

People Name General Mahishya
People Name in Country Mahishya
World Population 10,480,000
Total Countries 4
Indigenous No
Progress Scale 1
Unreached Yes
Frontier People Group Yes
Pioneer Workers Needed 1
Alternate Names Chasa; Chasi; Chasidas; Halidas; Haluadas; Haludas; Kaibarta; Kaibartta; Kurmangiya; Mahisayadas; Mahisya; Matsyadas; Pilwan Mahaout; Sadgop; महिष्या
People ID 17411
ROP3 Code 112811
Country Bhutan
Region Asia, South
Continent Asia
10/40 Window Yes
Persecution Rank 45  (Open Doors top 50 rank, 1 = highest persecution ranking)
Total States on file 3
Largest States
Specialized Website South Asia Peoples
Country Bhutan
Region Asia, South
Continent Asia
10/40 Window Yes
Persecution Rank 45  (Open Doors top 50 rank, 1 = highest persecution ranking)
Total States 3
  Eastern 400
  Western 300
  Southern 100
Website South Asia Peoples
Primary Language Assamese
Language Code asm   Ethnologue Listing
Language Written Yes   ScriptSource Listing
Total Languages 2
Secondary Languages
Primary Language Assamese
Language Code asm   Ethnologue Listing
Total Languages 2
Secondary Languages
People Groups Speaking Assamese

Primary Language:  Assamese

Bible Translation Status  (Years)
Bible-Portions Yes  (1822-1974)
Bible-New Testament Yes  (1819-1993)
Bible-Complete Yes  (1833-1995)
Bible-NT Audio Online
Bible-NT Text Online
Possible Print Bibles
Forum Bible Agencies
National Bible Societies
World Bible Finder
World Bibles
Resource Type Resource Name
Audio Recordings Audio Bible teaching (GRN)
Audio Recordings Christassam recordings
Audio Recordings Online Scripture (Talking Bibles)
Audio Recordings Story of Jesus audio (Jesus Film Project)
Film / Video Following Jesus (India, JF Project)
Film / Video God's Story Video
Film / Video Video / Animation
Film / Video Jesus Film: view in Assamese
Film / Video Magdalena (Jesus Film Project)
Film / Video Story of Jesus for Children (JF Project)
Film / Video The Path of Light
General Four Spiritual Laws
General God's Simple Plan
General Got Questions Ministry
Mobile App Download Bible from Google Play Store
Text / Printed Matter Bible
Text / Printed Matter Bible: অসমীয়া - Assamese
Text / Printed Matter Christ for the Nations
Text / Printed Matter Jesus Messiah comic book
Text / Printed Matter OneHope resources for children and youth
Primary Religion: Hinduism
Major Religion Percent *
0.00 %
Christianity  (Evangelical 0.00 %)
0.00 %
Ethnic Religions
0.00 %
100.00 %
0.00 %
0.00 %
Other / Small
0.00 %
0.00 %
Photo Source Anonymous 
Map Source Joshua Project / Global Mapping International  
Profile Source Keith Carey  
Data Sources Data is compiled from various sources. Read more
* Religion Values From latest Bhutan census data.  Current values may differ.