Chuhra in India


Population
Main Language
Largest Religion
Christian
Evangelical
Progress
Progress Gauge

Introduction / History

The Chura are one of the poorest peoples and most discriminated against peoples of India. The other castes of India including the Muslims and Sikhs consider them to be Dalits or untouchables. The main occupations of the Churas have been sweeping the streets, cleaning up excrement and disposing of dead animals. They are frequently denied entrance into Hindu temples and Muslim mosques. Less than half of Churas can read and write.

The Churas are a Scheduled people in India. The government provides special places for them in public jobs and education due to the past discrimination. The Churas are now legally referred to as Balmiki.

As Churas move into the cities, their young people now have the opportunity to attend schools and hope to better their position in life. Chura unions have secured better salaries and working conditions.


Where Are they Located?

The large majority of the Churas live in the Indian states of Punjab and Haryana. Others live in other north and west regions of India.


What Are Their Lives Like?

Even with the help of the Indian government, the Churas or Balmiki live very challenging lives. Although the caste system has been officially eliminated, the Churas experience daily discrimination by higher castes particularly in the rural areas. They must live outside of villages in mud huts without electricity and plumbing. Only the lowest jobs are open to the Churas. Basket weaving is a source of income to Chura women. In the cities, Chura men often work in sewers and unclog drains and pipes. In rural areas, they often work as day laborers.

The Churas marry within their clan. Families arrange marriages. Girls are often married before they reach puberty. Sons inherit what little property families own.
The Churas are non-vegetarians but can often afford only the simplest foods of rice, millet and seasonal vegetables. Churas must frequently walk long distances for clean water because villagers do not allow them to use the village well.

Alcoholism and opium use is a problem among the Churas.


What Are Their Beliefs?

The Churas seems flexible in their beliefs. Although most consider themselves Hindus, they adopt the religious practices of the villages where they live whether Hindu, Muslim or Sikh.

The Churas often believe in evil spirits and ghosts. They employ shaman, priests and charms to drive them away.

Since the Churas are not allowed into temples and mosques, they build their own shrines and altars out of brick or mud.


What Are Their Needs?

The Churas need to hear and believe in the gospel of Jesus Christ. They need to see themselves as valuable in God's eyes and that His Son dies for them. Young Chura people need education so they can begin to break out of the extreme poverty, which plagues their people.


Prayer Points

* Pray the Lord would send loving Christian workers to help the Churas in both their spiritual and physical needs.
* Pray the Christian Churas of Pakistan would reach out to share the gospel and disciple their brothers and sisters in India.
* Pray the Lord provides Christian schools and teachers to help educate the Churas.


References

www.indianetzone.com/56/chura.htm
www.peoplegroupsindia.com/profiles/balmiki/


Profile Source:   David Kugel  

People Name General Chuhra
People Name in Country Chuhra
Population in India 2,274,000
World Population 3,523,000
Total Countries 2
Indigenous Yes
Unreached No
Progress Scale 2
GSEC 6  (per PeopleGroups.org)
Alternate Names Almiki, Balmik, Balmiki, Bhangi, Chaamri, Chamri, Chaudhari, Chuhre, Chura, Cuhra, Jamdar, Jemadar, Jimadar, Khakrobe, Khaqrobe, Mehtar, Valmiki, चुहरा
People ID 16618
ROP3 Code 111825
Country India
Region South Asia
Continent Asia
10/40 Window Yes
National Bible Society Website
Persecution Rank 11  (Open Doors top 50 rank, 1 = highest persecution ranking)
Total States on file 7
Largest States
Punjab
1,094,000
Haryana
944,000
Chandigarh
85,000
Rajasthan
50,000
Delhi
40,000
Himachal Pradesh
38,000
Jammu and Kashmir
25,000
Specialized Website South Asia Peoples
Country India
Region South Asia
Continent Asia
10/40 Window Yes
National Bible Society Website
Persecution Rank 11  (Open Doors top 50 rank, 1 = highest persecution ranking)
Total States 7
  Punjab 1,094,000
  Haryana 944,000
  Chandigarh 85,000
  Rajasthan 50,000
  Delhi 40,000
  Himachal Pradesh 38,000
  Jammu and Kashmir 25,000
Website South Asia Peoples
Primary Language Punjabi, Eastern (1,312,000 speakers)
Language Code pan   Ethnologue Listing
Language Written Yes   ScriptSource Listing
Total Languages 21
Secondary Languages
(only 15 largest shown)
Hindi
817,000
Haryanvi
87,000
Bagri
29,000
Marwari
8,400
Mewari
6,600
Pahari, Mahasu
4,800
Dogri
3,600
English
3,200
Kangri
2,900
Mandeali
2,000
Shekhawati
1,500
Bhattiyali
1,300
Bilaspuri
1,200
Dhundari
1,200
Merwari
1,000
Other People Groups Speaking Punjabi, Eastern
Primary Language Punjabi, Eastern (1,312,000 speakers)
Language Code pan   Ethnologue Listing
Total Languages 21
Secondary Languages (only 15 largest shown)
  Hindi 817,000
  Haryanvi 87,000
  Bagri 29,000
  Marwari 8,400
  Mewari 6,600
  Pahari, Mahasu 4,800
  Dogri 3,600
  English 3,200
  Kangri 2,900
  Mandeali 2,000
  Shekhawati 1,500
  Bhattiyali 1,300
  Bilaspuri 1,200
  Dhundari 1,200
  Merwari 1,000
People Groups Speaking Punjabi, Eastern

Primary Language:  Punjabi, Eastern

Bible Translation Status  (Years)
Bible-Portions Yes  (1818-1954)
Bible-New Testament Yes  (1815-2011)
Bible-Complete Yes  (1959-2002)
Bible-NT Audio Online
Bible-NT Text Online
Possible Print Bibles
Amazon National Bible Societies
Forum of Bible Agencies World Bible Finder
Gospel Go World Bibles
Resource Type Resource Name
Audio Recordings Audio Bible teaching (GRN)
Audio Recordings Online New Testament (FCBH)
Audio Recordings Online Scripture (Talking Bibles)
Audio Recordings Oral Bible
Audio Recordings Story of Jesus audio (Jesus Film Project)
Film / Video Eyes of the Heart (Indigitube.tv)
Film / Video Following Jesus (India, JF Project)
Film / Video God's Story Video
Film / Video Jesus Film: view in Punjabi, Eastern
Film / Video Magdalena (Jesus Film Project)
Film / Video Sikh Contextual Gathering (Indigitube.tv)
Film / Video Sikh Punjabi Music Video (Indigitube.tv)
Film / Video Story of Jesus for Children (JF Project)
General Got Questions Ministry
Mobile App Download Bible from Google Play Store
Text / Printed Matter Bible
Text / Printed Matter Bible: ਪੰਜਾਬੀ - Panjabi
Text / Printed Matter OneHope resources for children and youth
Text / Printed Matter Online Bible (Bibles India)
Text / Printed Matter World Missionary Press Booklets
Primary Religion: Hinduism
Major Religion Percent *
Buddhism
0.11 %
Christianity  (Evangelical Unknown)
14.90 %
Ethnic Religions
0.00 %
Hinduism
74.02 %
Islam
0.00 %
Non-Religious
0.00 %
Other / Small
10.97 %
Unknown
0.00 %
Photo Source Copyrighted © 2018  Anonymous  All rights reserved.  Used with permission
Map Source Omid / Joshua Project / Global Mapping Intl  
Profile Source David Kugel  
Data Sources Data is compiled from various sources. Read more
* Religion Values From latest India census data.  Current values may differ.


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