Aka in Bhutan


Population
400
Main Language
Largest Religion
Christian
Evangelical
Progress
Progress Gauge

Introduction / History

Aka women make their faces ugly, by painting them! Covering their beauty is their way of protecting themselves from men from outside. Because of this habit the British and Assamese gave them their name 'Aka', which in Assamese means 'painted'.

They are very proud of their long history. Their folklore claims that their ancestor was King Bhaluka, the grandson of King Bana who was defeated by Lord Krishna at Tezpur. Though their population is small, there are two dialects, namely Hrusso Aka and Kora Aka. They are a close-knit community, with eleven clans and sub clans.


What Are Their Lives Like?

They practice shift cultivation – mainly maize and millet. Rearing a bison-like animal called a Mithun is an activity in every household.

Handicrafts, basket weaving and woodcarving are the principal arts among the Aka tribe. Aka men wear a silky Assamese toga, while the women wear a long dark red garment that covers their entire body. Silver ornaments play an important role in the female costume: vase shaped earrings, and for the richer ones, a silver filigree chain is worn around the head. Men having several wives is quite common.


What Are Their Beliefs?

Both Hrusso and Koro Aka speakers follow the same religious beliefs and practices. Their main god is represented by the sun and moon, and they call him Donyi Polo. This god is a supreme god, all powerful, and controlling all living and non-living things. However, centuries of Buddhist and Hindu influences have greatly shaped their religious rituals. Now, superstition and magic play a central role in their beliefs. Shizon is the most popular one – used mainly against their enemies. One Shizon ritual involves slaughtering a dog, draining its blood and sprinkling a few drops of blood in their enemy's house or burning it in his hearth. The expectation is that spirits will harm the enemy.


What Are Their Needs?

As a result of nearly 50 years of Christian ministry among the Aka, about 30% are Christians. Others practice their age-old beliefs. Translation of the Scripture into these two dialects will go a long way to help strengthen the existing churches and lead the entire community to Christ.


Prayer Points

* Pray for Aka churches and their leaders to catch the vision for their people and to take an active lead in the evangelism of their community.
*Pray for unity among the churches and a thirst for God's Word.
* Pray for the mother tongue translation team to be strengthened, well equipped and speed the process of translating the Scripture.
(Mother tongue translation teams consist of language speakers and translation consultants working together.)


Profile Source:   Anonymous  
Expanded PDF Profile

People Name General Aka
People Name in Country Aka
Population in Bhutan 400
World Population 10,100
Total Countries 2
Indigenous Yes
Unreached Yes
Pioneer Workers Needed 1 to 2
Progress Scale 1
Alternate Names Aka Pygmy, Akha, Baaka, Bayele, Hrusso, आका
People ID 16195
ROP3 Code 111303
Country Bhutan
Region South Asia
Continent Asia
10/40 Window Yes
Persecution Rank 30  (Open Doors top 50 rank, 1 = highest persecution ranking)
Specialized Website South Asia Peoples
Country Bhutan
Region South Asia
Continent Asia
10/40 Window Yes
Persecution Rank 30  (Open Doors top 50 rank, 1 = highest persecution ranking)
Total States 1
  Eastern (400)
Website South Asia Peoples

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Ethnologue Language Map

Primary Language Hruso
Language Code hru   Ethnologue Listing
Language Written Unknown
Total Languages 2
Secondary Languages
Assamese
People Groups Speaking Hruso
Primary Language Hruso
Language Code hru   Ethnologue Listing
Total Languages 2
Secondary Languages
  Assamese
People Groups Speaking Hruso

Primary Language:  Hruso

Bible Translation Status  (Years)
Bible-Portions No
Bible-New Testament No
Bible-Complete No
Resource Type Resource Name
Audio Recordings Audio Bible teaching (GRN)
Primary Religion: Buddhism
Major Religion Percent *
Buddhism
100.00 %
Christianity  (Evangelical 0.00 %)
0.00 %
Ethnic Religions
0.00 %
Hinduism
0.00 %
Islam
0.00 %
Non-Religious
0.00 %
Other / Small
0.00 %
Unknown
0.00 %
Photo Source Rev. T. Kampu 
Profile Source Anonymous  
Data Sources Data is compiled from various sources. Read more
Religion Values * From Bhutan census data.  Current values may differ.


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